%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140820140223+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140820140223+01'00') /Title (Swimming the Christian Atlantic: Judeoconversos, Afroiberians and Amerindians in the Seventeenth Century) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4461 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Swimming the Christian Atlantic: Judeoconversos, Afroiberians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(and Amerindians in the Seventeenth Century)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The growth of academic interest in the ?Iberian Atlantic World? during the last decade has also witnessed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the expansion of scholarship on the presence of, and role played in it by, Judeoconversos \(or ?New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christians?\): the descendants of Jews who were converted \(often by force\) to Christianity in the 14th and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15th centuries. Amongst the most notable works to have appeared in print on this subject have been the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection of edited articles gathered in )] TJ ET BT 223.976 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Jews and the Expansion of Europe to the West, 1400?1800)] TJ ET BT 527.624 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edited by P. Bernardini and N. Fiering; )] TJ ET BT 224.336 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal's Atlantic Diaspora and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492?1640)] TJ ET BT 232.028 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, authored by Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert and the edited articles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assembled in )] TJ ET BT 99.344 166.403 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Atlantic Diasporas: Jews, Conversos, and Crypto-Jews in the Age of Mercantilism, 1500?1800)] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, edited by Richard L. Kagan and Philip D. Morgan.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 283.652 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 283.652 150.753 m 297.644 150.753 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor Jonathan Schorsch of Columbia University has pioneered an entirely new approach in the field. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not offer a study of the ?vertical? relationship between the dominant ?Old Christians? and the various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups who lived within colonial society but were marginalised by the ruling elite: the Judeoconversos, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Black Africans \(whom Schorsch has chosen to describe as Afroiberians\) and Amerindians. Instead of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focusing upon the relationship between ?dominators? and ?dominated?, Schorsch has preferred to examine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and analyse the ?horizontal? relationship that existed between these three groups and the variety of way in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(938)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 30 June, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jonathan Schorsch)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9789004170407)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(144.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(592pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leiden)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Franois Soyer)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 283.6517 151.0675 297.6437 162.9475 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8097 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which these groups interacted and perceived each other. His aim is to demonstrate that many of the racial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes of members of the dominant elite also circulated amongst the ?dominated? groups. All three groups )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suffered similar and different kinds of discrimination at the hands of Old Christians. Judeoconversos in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular were widely perceived \(rightly or wrongly\) to be secret Jews and the recently converted Black )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africans ? both slaves and freedmen? were likewise distrusted by the Church because of the animist beliefs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which many of them bought with them from Africa. Furthermore, both groups suffered from racial prejudice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the well-established caste system that developed in the Spanish and Portuguese American colonies. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schorsch himself admits, this work focuses mostly upon the first two groups and predominantly upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Black-Jewish? relations. Schorsch has himself previously contributed to this field with his earlier book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jews and Blacks in the Early Modern World)] TJ ET BT 246.992 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 249.992 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 249.992 666.771 m 263.984 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The principal sources for this work are trial dossiers and other documents from the vast archives of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions as well as literary works produced by Sephardic Jews \(former )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Judeoconversos\) mostly residing in territories under Dutch rule and thus free to practice their faith. Whilst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the use of inquisitorial sources presents numerous problems and issues for modern historians, the religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity of the Judeoconversos is not the main focus of Schorsch?s work and he briefly outlines his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methodological approach in the introduction \(p. 10\). The book is divided into two separate parts \(the two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volumes do not equate with the two parts\) with a total of nine chapters between them. In the first chapter of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this work, which is entitled ?)] TJ ET BT 172.676 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Otherness and Identity)] TJ ET BT 281.996 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(pages 25?83\), Schorsch considers the identities of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups he is studying. He wisely avoids being sidetracked by any entanglement in the complex and heated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debate surrounding the religious identity of the Judeoconversos and points out the complexities and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variations that underpinned Afroiberian identity in the Iberian Atlantic world. The first chapter therefore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complements the introduction nicely and provides the reader with much of the essential background )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information that he or she will need to fully come to grips with the rest of the book. The following chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(two to seven\) do not follow any precise chronological or geographic pattern but rather delve directly into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations between Judeoconversos and Afroiberians by presenting various instances of daily interaction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between both groups. Schorsch demonstrates that the relationship was all the more fascinating and complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since relations of force could be radically inversed and could span from complicity and friendship to outright )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hostility. Judeoconverso masters owned African slaves and, like the rest of the European population, treated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them as chattels \(chapter four, ?Masters and slaves under the stare of the cross?, pp.)] TJ ET BT 439.244 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(169?207\) but, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic servants, African slaves were also privy to the private life of their masters and were often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorporated to a greater or lesser degree into the family life of Judeoconverso families \(chapter five, ?Slaves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the downtrodden religion of their masters?, pp. 209?44\). Furthermore, Africans working in the jails of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Inquisition were in contact with Judeoconversos jailed by the Holy Office for crypto-Judaism and, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such, could wield a form of power over them. Motivated by a variety of different reasons, these Afroiberians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often assisted Judeoconversos by transmitting messages from and to captives and therefore undermined the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority of the dominant elite or at least of one of its most feared representatives: the Inquisition \(chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(six, ?Jailed Judaizers and their jailers? servants?, pages 245?82\). Some mixed-race individual even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combined the different identities of Judeoconverso and Afroiberian: this was notably the case of the mixed-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(race Esperanza Rodriguez, the offspring of a Judeoconverso father and black African slave mother, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resided in the city of Mexico in the 1630s and 1640s and to whose life Schorsch devotes an entire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(captivating chapter \(chapter seven, ?Esperanza Rodriguez: a mulata marrana in Mexico City?, volume two, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pp. 283?334\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second part of this work contains two chapters \(chapter eight, ?The Racial imagination in the writings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(ex\)-conversos? \(pp. 337?78\) and chapter nine, ?\(Re\)reading the Old/New World in the 1640s: the relacin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Antonio de Montezinhos? \(pp. 379?477\)\). It focuses more on literary aspects of the question that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schorsch considers. In chapter eight, Schorsch analyses the literature produced by Judeoconversos or former )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Judeoconversos \(Sephardic Jews residing in lands where Judaism was tolerated\) with great care to expose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the nature of Judeoconverso racial attitudes towards Blacks and Amerindians. Chapter nine focuses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exclusively on the )] TJ ET BT 124.340 88.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Relacin )] TJ ET BT 170.000 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of)] TJ ET BT 182.996 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the former Judeoconverso)] TJ ET BT 310.628 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antonio de Montezinhos, who was born in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portugal around 1610 and spent a large part of his life in the Spanish Colony of New Granada \(modern-day )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Columbia and Venezuela\) before settling in Dutch controlled Brazil until his death in circa 1646?7. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 249.9917 667.0855 263.9837 678.9655 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 5831 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Montezinhos? fascinating )] TJ ET BT 160.664 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Relacin)] TJ ET BT 203.324 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, an account of his travels in South America in which he somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fancifully claimed to have come into contact with groups of ?Jewish Indians? from the lost tribe of Reuben, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is expertly analysed by Schorsch is considerable detail. Schorsch highlights with great skill the fact that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Montezinhos employs many of the )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 203.672 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rhetorical)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 203.672 752.307 m 249.656 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 252.656 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 269.648 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figures of speech)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 269.648 752.307 m 351.620 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 354.620 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 368.612 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as well as the racial imagery of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominant elite in order to undermine them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To conclude, Professor Schorsch has achieved a real )] TJ ET BT 288.944 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(tour-de-force)] TJ ET BT 352.928 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and this book will be of enormous interest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to all those who study the Iberian Atlantic, the Spanish and Portuguese empires, Judeoconversos and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inquisition and Black African slaves and freedman in the early modern Iberian World. By opening a window )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(onto the world of relations between dominated groups, Schorsch throws open an interesting field of research. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The richness of the sources allows Schorsch to abundantly illustrate the points and observations he makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout the work. If one must make a minor criticism of this work it is that the dense prose and complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terminology employed by Schorsch results in a study that is hardly accessible to the general public or even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergraduate students. Furthermore, as its work focuses mostly on Judeoconversos and Afroiberians, one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wonder whether it would not have been more expedient to publish the final chapter separately as an article )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Schorsch certainly contemplated this possibility, p. 16\). Judeoconverso perceptions of Amerindians are very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much a secondary consideration compared to Judeoconversos/Afroiberian relations. It must be conceded, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, that their inclusion in the book does not detract from the original aim of the author but rather adds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to our understanding of Judeoconverso racial attitudes. The first volume includes three maps \(Columbia, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bahian Recncavo and Mexico\) and an appendix is included at the end of the second volume containing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transcription and translation of an unpublished letter from Antonio de Montezinhos.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 478.707 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 448.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Jews and the Expansion of Europe to the West, 1400?1800, ed. P. Bernardini and N. Fiering \(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(York, NY, 2001\); Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert, )] TJ ET BT 287.984 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal's Atlantic )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492?1640)] TJ ET BT 349.028 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(Oxford, 2007\) and the edited articles )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assembled in )] TJ ET BT 129.344 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Atlantic Diasporas: Jews, Conversos, and Crypto-Jews in the Age of Mercantilism, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1500?1800)] TJ ET BT 118.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Richard L. Kagan and Philip D. 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