%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 22 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150525080918+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150525080918+01'00') /Title (European Navigator: the Authoritative Multimedia Reference on the History of Europe) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4682 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(European Navigator: the Authoritative Multimedia Reference on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(the History of Europe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.219 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(This review was written jointly with Dr Matthew Broad of the University of Reading.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the most common examples deployed in the argument that the European Union \(EU\) suffers from a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so-called ?democratic deficit? is that a lack of information and analysis exists about its history and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutions. For an individual faced the task of exploring its history ? perhaps an undergraduate student )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taking a course which somehow touches upon the early integration process ? a yearning for information can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be satisfied by the reading of one of a plethora of academic texts that have been released over the years. Yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even here, and despite the ever-increasing amount of ink spilt on the issue of the early EU, this type of work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all too often occupies but a small slice of the wider history holdings of university and public libraries. More )] TJ ET BT 34.016 197.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general ?textbooks? devoted to the theme normally fail to make use of any thorough documentary evidence, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while equally the explosion of archival-based monographs may not be the best point of departure for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simpler overview. ?Bringing history alive? may seem a favourite catchphrase of government, but the idea )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that in order for students to fully grasp and engage with Europe?s history there needs to be less reliance on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventional output does seem valid.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The use of digital media is perhaps a vivid illustration of what can be done to plug an apparent void in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European integration historiography. The very fact it is ?digital? can appeal to students more than most other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methods, while the ability to draw on more varied sources ? more on which below ? can prove to be a useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 71.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addition to traditional material. The European Navigator \(ENA, )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 342.632 71.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(www.ena.lu)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 342.632 69.729 m 400.616 69.729 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 403.616 71.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 417.608 71.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) is among one of the better )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples of such an attempt. The website is a ?digital library?, a product of a development by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 42.611 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Centre Virtuel de La connaissance sur l?Europe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(951)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 September, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marianne Backes)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Centre Virtuel de La connaissance sur l?Europe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.ena.lu)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Luxembourrg)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christian Salm)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 342.6317 70.0435 400.6157 81.9235 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.ena.lu/) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7090 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Luxembourg. The site claims ? rather too boldly at times )] TJ ET BT 321.992 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? to be an ?authoritative multimedia reference on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the history of Europe? based on documents which cover all the key events in the post-war development of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern day Europe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At first glance the ENA website seems to be very well structured. On entering the website the user is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confronted by a sidebar with five categories: ?historical events?; modern day ?European organisations?; an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ominous sounding ?special files? section with a focus on what its designers see as particularly relevant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periods of Europe?s history; an ?interviews? section; and a ?research and teaching? section which, by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(website?s own omission, is an area designed for researchers, teachers and students but one still under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development. The number of documents collected in all sections is also impressive. About 16,000 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents are made available and cover different formats such as videos, interviews, press cuts, cartoons, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(photos, letters, summary records of meetings and various others. In order to use all kind of documents ENA )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(website users do not have to download additional software, to which any computer-phobe would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undoubtedly breathe a huge sigh of relief. All documents open easily and quickly in a new window as well, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another welcomed aspect of the site.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The site is geared to obtaining rather general information on the most important time periods of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European integration process. This includes the development, organisation and the political responsibilities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the various European institutions - including not only the European Council, the European Parliament and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the European Commission but also, for example, the Committee of the Regions, the Economic and Social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Committee, the European Central Bank and the Council of Europe etc. The first two main sections are of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highest value for ENA website users; they contain several subsections providing very detailed information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the various steps of European integration beginning from the pioneering phase in the late 1940s up to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accession of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union in 2007.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To locate such topics or documents regarding European integration history, users have two options. As with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the above, they can navigate through various thematic files. For example, to find a selection of documents on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community \(ECSC\) in April 1951 one can attempt to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(find the section headed as such. One major rub with doing so, however, is that the user has to open four )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thematically consecutive folders. Thus, the initial well-defined structure of the ENA website gets slightly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unclear. On the other hand, this structure does allow for new documents and future developments of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European integration process to be easily incorporated into the website.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second ? and more useful ? aspect of the website which removes the confusing ?sub-division of sub-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(folders? scenario is its search functionality. To take the example of a search for ?Denmark?, the website )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(returned, almost instantaneously, 182 documents of relevance. The scope of the search results was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressive, if a little haphazard. For instance, a copy of a Danish Communist pamphlet on the EEC from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1971 sat between a 1992 )] TJ ET BT 155.660 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Die Zeit)] TJ ET BT 194.660 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( article on the Danish position towards the Maastricht Treaty and a table of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manufactured exports from the Nordic region in 1967. The ability to search within searches or to filter/sort )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(results according to a particular wish is a feature lacking and would be a welcome addition here.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet in a sense the search revealed just how comprehensive and ambitious this site is. A varied collection of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(background notes on Denmark and NATO all the way through to the inclusion of photographs and speeches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? text and sound based ? demonstrate where the real value of this resource lies. Another major merit of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure of the ENA website is the synopses introducing each of the numerous topics on the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe. These are very well written and make the complex process of European integration attractive to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(laypersons. The synopses are very often of different length, however. Thus, while some are too short others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are too long. In total 650 synopses can be found which cover topics such as, for example, the transparency in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Council of the European Union or the European Unions relations relation with African, Caribbean and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pacific States.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From on practical point of view, the ENA website provides some very helpful tools. The most attractive tool )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for users is the option to create an album to collect documents. In order to create such an album users must )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first register. Registration is free and is not binding. Just by clicking the ?Create Album? icon new albums )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7195 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are automatically created in a personal area and may first not be viewed by other users. Besides, there is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(option to share an album with other users. These public albums may be consulted by other users but may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only be modified by the person who created them. However, this option of public albums is a very practical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(toolbox for website users to create eventually a common work basis in form of shared pools of historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents on European history. In this respect, the possibility to create a personal or public album is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interactive element of the website. The high number of already created albums proves that this is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremely popular tool for ENA website users.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frequently interpreted as a hurdle for the integration of Europe, the variety of languages is less of a problem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the ENA website and its dissemination in Europe. The website is available in five different languages: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French, German, Dutch, Spanish and English. However, not all documents and synopses are available in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these five languages. No surprise, all documents are only available in French, German and English. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, it is a pity that the website does not include any East European languages. To make the website )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available at least in the language of the largest East European member state of the European Union, Poland, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would not only comply with the own entitlement of the ENA website producers to be the ?authoritative? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reference, it would also aptly reflect the current status of the European Union itself.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A similarly less striking aspect of the website is the use of archival news clippings. Following our search for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Denmark? we undertook a thorough root around the site in an attempt to see what newspapers had been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used by the developers. Given the importance of political posturing and arguments over the entire integration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process, and as with the language issue, we were somewhat dismayed by the overreliance on German, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French and, to a lesser extent, Italian newspapers. To use our ?Danish? example again, and in addition to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previously mentioned )] TJ ET BT 141.344 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Die Zeit)] TJ ET BT 180.344 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the search results produced articles drawn from )] TJ ET BT 416.612 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Monde )] TJ ET BT 467.936 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung)] TJ ET BT 187.340 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( but nothing from any Danish or Scandinavian source. This is clearly another )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(omission that needs urgent correction if the ENA is going to continue referring to itself as an ?authoritative? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The layout, content and basic introductions all provide flesh to the fact that while a useful resource this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one primarily aimed towards a basic audience, for example undergraduate students or members of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general public, than anyone more comfortable with European integration history. This is, on the whole, true )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout, and the site itself lists pupils and students of European integration as the main beneficiaries. At )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the same time, however, a number of searches produced an impressive array of source material to which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even the more seasoned academic could find useful. Again using our example search for ?Denmark?, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more developed European integrationist will find the copies of speeches by Jens Otto Krag or the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commission?s Opinion on Danish entry an immense ? and perhaps even previously undervalued ? resource. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The inclusion of pictures such as Prime Minister Krag signing the Treaty of Accession or that of the cover of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Danish Communist?s position on entry reminds those of us working on Danish accession that we are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(talking about real people with real emotions facing real situations. The level of pressure and the immensity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the task at hand do not always come through in the archival documents or indeed the monographs on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them, and this is where the value of digital output lies. Still, these are rare moments in what is essentially a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resource for students of EU history or those teaching it. The latter will prove particularly true when the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?research and teaching? is developed further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In all, the layout of the ENA website is plain, simple and effective. It fits very well to a website with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scientific requirements and is certainly an information-rich site. In essence we share the view of Richard E. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Baldwin \(Professor of International Economics, Graduate Institute of International Studies\) published on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ENA website: ?I [we] really like the site. It is absolutely fantastic and helps students born after 1980 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand what European integration was all about?. It is in this respect ? as a resource for students ? that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this website should be highly commended.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 75.967 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 58.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 58.187 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/951)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 56.793 m 322.316 56.793 l S endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 57.1075 322.3157 68.9875 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/951) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 373 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.354 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 769.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4925)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.ena.lu/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.154 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000586 00000 n 0000000675 00000 n 0000005409 00000 n 0000005518 00000 n 0000005628 00000 n 0000005737 00000 n 0000009298 00000 n 0000009426 00000 n 0000009510 00000 n 0000009636 00000 n 0000009706 00000 n 0000009771 00000 n 0000016914 00000 n 0000016998 00000 n 0000024246 00000 n 0000024372 00000 n 0000024467 00000 n 0000024532 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 24957 %%EOF