%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 30 0 R 50 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140819094529+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140819094529+01'00') /Title (The Ivory Tower and Beyond: Participant Historians of the Pacific) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4510 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Ivory Tower and Beyond: Participant Historians of the Pacific)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the inaugural issue of the )] TJ ET BT 170.660 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Pacific History )] TJ ET BT 299.324 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1966 Jim Davidson, the first Professor of Pacific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History at Australian National University, considered the historiography of the island groups of the Pacific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ocean and called for innovative methodologies to interpret the ?multi-cultural situations? of island )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 99.020 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 99.020 243.417 m 113.012 243.417 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 113.012 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( His manifesto appeared as Britain and Australia were following New Zealand?s lead and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(planning the end of their Pacific empires. It was a momentous time as scholars who had been born into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empires watched and encouraged the seismic shifts that led to the end of European imperial rule. History )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was to be yoked to the service of the decolonising nations of Africa, Asia and the Pacific alongside a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spirit, encouraged by the likes of E. P. Thompson, which called for the democratisation of history and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recuperation of the voices of the colonised. These sub-disciplines founded their identities and literature in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the new or expanded post-war universities in the optimistic years of the 1950s and 1960s as academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positions were created and departments were encouraged or dragged into these fields . Yet despite this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expansion, only a few historians of the Pacific gained tenure either in the small pool of Australian, New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zealand and Hawaiian universities, or in the new universities established within the region: the University of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the South Pacific \(1968\) or the University of Papua New Guinea \(1965\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Doug Munro?s book traces the origin of the sub-discipline of Pacific history through chapter biographies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a few of the key figures, in particular those who both made and wrote the history of the Pacific Islands. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(955)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 September, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Doug Munro)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781443805346)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(44.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(350pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge Scholars Publishing)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Newcastle upon Tyne)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Helen Gardner)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 99.0197 243.7315 113.0117 255.6115 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7089 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These academics were drawn to participation in the post-war era as the sub-empires of Australia and New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zealand responded to the world-wide call for decolonisation and sought new directions for their Pacific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonies. Dominion scholars such as Australian anthropologist W. E. H. Stanner and New Zealand historian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jim Davidson, were enticed back to the Pacific from Britain following their education at the centre of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire that became increasingly self-critical in the 1930s and 1940s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munro?s book begins with New Zealand historian John Cawte Beaglehole \(1901?71\), renowned biographer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of James Cook. Beaglehole took the standard path of the clever young man and headed to England to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complete his studies, expressing a common disdain for the insular society of New Zealand in the 1920s. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While uneasy about the empire his PhD funding was secured on the instructions of the Colonial Office. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(returned reluctantly to New Zealand as the great financial crisis of the 1930s was closing off all hopes of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expansion in the small world of New Zealand universities. Fearing his left-wing affiliations, university )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(councils blocked his efforts to gain permanent employment until his final appointment to the Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University College in the mid 1930s. While he was important to the sub-discipline of Pacific history his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place in this book is a challenge to the overall theme as his political participation in the events of the time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was not based on his area of historical expertise but on his sense of citizenship.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jim Davidson \(1915?73\) is the key figure in this book and is credited with being the founder of Pacific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history with his appointment to the Australian National University in the early 1950s. Davidson was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beaglehole?s student as an undergraduate at Victorian University College in the 1930s and shared his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics, but their historical interests deviated as Davidson was drawn to the informal empire of the South )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pacific, the little studied trading encounters and the settlement of Europeans who preceded the empire and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who negotiated chiefly alliances and indigenous power structures.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Davidson?s role as a participant in the decolonisation of the Pacific was sparked by his appointment in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain to a major research project on colonial legislatures in Africa in the immediate post-war period. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Surrounded by a dedicated group of anthropologists, historians and economists with experience of Africa, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Davidson joined the discussions on colonial legislatures as Britain pondered the future of the empire. His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work on a series of Admiralty Handbooks on the Pacific with anthropologist Raymond Firth consolidated his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest in decolonisation, anthropology and history from the ?native? perspective. He was determined to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unshackle Pacific history from the empire and did so using the new anthropologically inspired methods of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cross-cultural history that drew the historian from the Colonial Office to the village and brought Island )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participants to the fore.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This new perspective led Davidson to accept a position as a Trusteeship Officer to Samoa in the mid 1940s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where he enjoyed the opportunities of colonial administration while simultaneously performing the last rites )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of empire. Munro claims that it was Davison?s second assignment to Samoa that transformed him into a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participant historian. He was disparaging of New Zealand?s administration and was closely aligned with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(holders of the chiefly titles in Samoa, a relationship that almost certainly led to a constitution in 1962 that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restricted franchise to the )] TJ ET BT 158.648 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(matai)] TJ ET BT 185.984 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or chiefs.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munro?s portrait of Davidson does not address his work as an advisor on constitutions throughout the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pacific ? he died on assignment to Papua New Guinea in 1973 while assisting on the constitution for that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country. Instead Munro takes us to Canberra and Davidson?s appointment as Professor of Pacific History to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the demountables of the Australian National University in the early 1950s. Davidson became a crusader for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the island centred histories that came to characterise Pacific History at the ANU. These interests were readily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(translated into his work on constitutions which reflected his anthropologically inspired belief that local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power structures should be reflected in the nation. This element of Davidson?s political work throughout the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1960s and into the early 1970s really forms the core of his role as a participant historian and Munro?s very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important ?pre-history? of Davidson?s participation in the politics of the Pacific will provide a useful spring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(board for a focused study of his constitutional work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of Davidson?s first appointments was Harry Maude \(1906?2006\) who participated in Pacific events )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during a long career in the British Colonial Service in the Pacific, largely in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7449 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colony ? decolonised to Kiribati and Tuvalu. Despite his work on the restructuring of Pacific colonies in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post-war period, Maude?s histories focused on the informal empire of the 19th century rather than the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structures of colonialism that were instigated largely in the 20th century and were being dismantled around )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the historians they wrote. Inspired by a deep knowledge of the language and culture of the people from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(southern islands of Kiribati, Maude sought to glean the islanders within the texts ? the ?snippets? of sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to which Pacific historians of the island centred method are trained to be alert. His deep concern for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources was central to his role in establishing the very important Pacific Manuscripts Bureau in 1968. To )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(date, the PMB has copied over 3,000 microfilm roles of the documentary heritage of the Pacific Islands and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars of the Pacific are deeply indebted to this institution. As this generation of historians sought to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recuperate the actions of Islanders, they were drawn particularly to the nineteenth century when the chiefs on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the beaches and villages of the Pacific negotiated with the beachcombers, missionaries and the consuls of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(informal empire from a position of power. It was a complex archive: ?partial, haphazard and contested? as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Douglas notes.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 105.344 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 105.344 624.003 m 119.336 624.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 119.336 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Maude?s collection of essays )] TJ ET BT 265.640 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Of Islands and Men )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 363.632 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 363.632 624.003 m 377.624 624.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 377.624 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( exemplified the island centred )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical approach through his meticulous attention to the fine detail of the sources which allowed him to go )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond the European perspectives of the authors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munro is right to focus on the historical method of these pioneers of Pacific History for the island centred )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach which sought to identify the ?other? side of the beach and the response of islanders was the sine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(qua non of this school. Yet this method took its toll, as shown in the tragic figure of Richard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gilson\(1925?62\). His talent was overwhelmed by the minutia of his painstaking work on the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Samoa that dragged on until his premature death in 1963. Gilson points to the problems implicit in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impulse to recuperate all the voices in the round. This is exacerbated in Pacific history when a cross-cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis is overlaid onto the complex archives of missionaries and traders. Gilson?s dense narrative )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 514.268 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 514.268 483.699 m 528.260 483.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 528.260 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finally finished by his talented wife Miriam \(who deserved more than the brief mention in Davidson?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction\) and Davidson and published in 1970. The sub-title is typical of the interests of the Pacific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians of the period who sought out the encounters, the engagements and the power struggles and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accommodations that occurred within the multi-ethnic communities of the Pacific Islands.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munro?s final historian is Brij Lal the grandson of )] TJ ET BT 278.996 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(girmityas )] TJ ET BT 327.332 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or indentured Indian labourers, who grew up in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sugar district on the outskirts of Labasa on the island of Viti Levu in the British colony of Fiji. Lal was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a different generation from the other historians of the book and met Davidson only briefly while he was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an undergraduate at University of the South Pacific. Lal came of age in the early heady optimistic days of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fijian independence as Fijians either ignored or were oblivious to the seeds of disaster in the communal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics of the island state. His MA thesis on the Indian diaspora in Vancouver set his research interests and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his ANU based PhD on the background of the )] TJ ET BT 257.648 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(girmityas )] TJ ET BT 305.984 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who came to Fiji from Northern India between 1879 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 1916, was based on exhaustive research on the Emigration passes. While Lal was perhaps the least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced by Davidson he followed most closely in this tracks. He moved from the 19th to the 20th century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in response to the changing political situation in Fiji with an edited book on contemporary Fijian politics in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1986 which was quickly superseded by the Rabuka coups of 1987. Lal responded with )] TJ ET BT 452.288 259.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Power and Prejudice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published only a year later and then added a historical polemic for a successful multi-ethnic community in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fiji )] TJ ET BT 53.696 230.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Broken Waves )] TJ ET BT 125.672 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1992\). Lal?s most important foray into Fijian politics \( to date\) was his role on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constitutional Review Commission which was established to revise the 1990 constitution written under the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rabuka administration and clearly unacceptable to a large percentage of the Fijian population. Yet, as with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the previous Constitutions, this one was also challenged: first by the Speight coup of 2000 and then by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bainimarama coup of 2006, before being suspended in 2009. A fourth Constitution is planned for 2013.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 105.3437 624.3175 119.3357 636.1975 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 363.6317 624.3175 377.6237 636.1975 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 514.2677 484.0135 528.2597 495.8935 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 8927 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of Munro?s themes is the trials and travails faced by scholars in gaining permanent employment and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(byzantine politics of university departments and their councils. This might perhaps have played closer to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participation theme if Munro had considered whether the political flavour of the day was sympathetic to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decolonisation and thus more accepting of more radical historians, but while the book considers the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges of the Cold War in relation to academic freedom in post war universities it is silent on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges of the region. While there are passing references to the Cold War, there is no entry in the index )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for decolonisation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These ?participant historians? bear some comparison to their fellow scholars the participant observers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropology whose method and analyses cross-pollinated the historians? efforts to recover the shadowed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voices of the colonised. Anthropology and history have long been fellow travellers in the scholarship of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pacific. An anthropological focus is essential to the unravelling of village events through the archives of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shipping logs of the copra and sandalwood traders, the correspondence of the beachcombers and that rich )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and awkward archive, the missionary journals that form some of the best sources of the lives of Islanders in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 19th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While Munro has focused on Davidson and his ?stable? of students in the establishing of Pacific History at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ANU there is another strand to the genealogy via Melbourne University which nurtured Dorothy Shineberg, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Niel Gunson and Greg Dening. These important scholars of Pacific islands trade, mission and exploration ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shineberg and Gunson were drawn to the ANU ?have left a rich legacy to Pacific and Australian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship.. Shineberg, for example, combined the island centred method with the maritime history of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eastern seaboard of early colonial Australia in her work on the sandal-wood trade operating out of the ?sea- )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conscious towns? of Sydney and Hobart.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 229.988 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 229.988 473.955 m 243.980 473.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.980 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Gunson?s )] TJ ET BT 297.308 475.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Messengers of Grace: Evangelical Missionaries in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the South Seas )] TJ ET BT 107.012 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remains the foundation text on 19th century Protestant missions to the Pacific Islands.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munro?s densely packed research on these scholars will be an important resource for historians of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pacific. Yet the book is perhaps based too closely on the university experience to really allow a full )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examination of these historians? participation in the important events of the Pacific Islands. It does, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, lay bare the importance and problems of the island centred historical method and the motivations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behind it: Lal?s supervisor for example, insisted Lal feed in all the details from all the Emigration passes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Northern India into his analysis as each )] TJ ET BT 252.644 363.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(girmitya)] TJ ET BT 293.312 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was important. )] TJ ET BT 370.640 363.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Beyond the Ivory Tower)] TJ ET BT 486.284 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important companion to Munro?s recent publication )] TJ ET BT 287.324 349.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Texts and Contexts:)] TJ ET BT 385.652 349.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reflections in Pacific Islands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historiography, )] TJ ET BT 114.020 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he co-edited with Brij Lal.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 273.332 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 273.332 333.651 m 287.324 333.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 287.324 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This book is also a reminder of the need for a full study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Davidson?s constitutional work in the formation of Pacific nations. Finally, it suggests the possibility of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further exploration of the theme of the scholar/participant with a stronger critique of the the observer who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took part in the events. Scholars in the Pacific have often been drawn to participation. Within these small )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nations this participation can have important consequences. Munro?s book hints at the possibilities of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major work on Pacific scholars who travelled the road from study to village and back again and influenced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events within these communities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.611 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 183.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. Davidson, ?Problems of Pacific History?, )] TJ ET BT 276.992 183.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Pacific History, )] TJ ET BT 408.656 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1 \(1966\), 11.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 470.648 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 470.648 182.595 m 524.636 182.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 169.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bronwen Douglas, ?Imperial flotsam? The British in the Pacific Islands?, in )] TJ ET BT 431.636 169.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Oxford History of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 155.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Empire: Volume Five )] TJ ET BT 206.000 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historiography \(Oxford, 1999\), p. 368.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 393.308 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 393.308 154.083 m 447.296 154.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 141.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harry Maude, )] TJ ET BT 134.324 141.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Of Islands and Men: Studies in Pacific History)] TJ ET BT 359.312 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Melbourne, 1968\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 455.960 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 455.960 139.827 m 509.948 139.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 126.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Gilson, )] TJ ET BT 143.012 126.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Samoa 1830-1900: The Politics of a Multi-Cultural Community)] TJ ET BT 448.688 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Melbourne, 1970\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 111.315 m 118.004 111.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 98.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Shineberg, )] TJ ET BT 133.340 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(They Came for Sandalwood: A Study of the Sandalwood Trade in the South-West )] TJ ET BT 64.016 84.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pacific, 1830-1865)] TJ ET BT 156.008 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Melbourne, 1967\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 252.656 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 252.656 82.803 m 306.644 82.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 69.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 69.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Texts and Contexts:)] TJ ET BT 162.344 69.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reflections in Pacific Islands Historiography, )] TJ ET BT 385.676 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. Brij Lal and Doug Munro )] TJ ET BT 64.016 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Honolulu, HI, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 169.004 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 169.004 54.291 m 222.992 54.291 l S endstream endobj 32 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 229.9877 474.2695 243.9797 486.1495 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 273.3317 333.9655 287.3237 345.8455 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 470.6477 182.9095 524.6357 194.7895 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 393.3077 154.3975 447.2957 166.2775 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 455.9597 140.1415 509.9477 152.0215 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 111.6295 118.0037 123.5095 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 252.6557 83.1175 306.6437 94.9975 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 32 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 169.0037 54.6055 222.9917 66.4855 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 35 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 52 0 R ] /Contents 51 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Length 1055 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Doug Munro is not tempted away from his belief that one should never - well, hardly ever - respond to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewers, except thank Dr Gardner for her thoughtful review and for suggesting additional lines of enquiry.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 724.975 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 707.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 707.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/955)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 705.801 m 322.316 705.801 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 680.824 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 666.424 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4941)] TJ ET BT 34.016 652.024 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 706.1155 322.3157 717.9955 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/955) >> endobj xref 0 54 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000575 00000 n 0000000664 00000 n 0000005226 00000 n 0000005335 00000 n 0000005445 00000 n 0000005554 00000 n 0000009115 00000 n 0000009243 00000 n 0000009327 00000 n 0000009356 00000 n 0000009483 00000 n 0000009519 00000 n 0000009584 00000 n 0000016726 00000 n 0000016824 00000 n 0000024326 00000 n 0000024356 00000 n 0000024484 00000 n 0000024520 00000 n 0000024550 00000 n 0000024678 00000 n 0000024714 00000 n 0000024744 00000 n 0000024872 00000 n 0000024908 00000 n 0000025041 00000 n 0000034021 00000 n 0000034051 00000 n 0000034179 00000 n 0000034215 00000 n 0000034245 00000 n 0000034373 00000 n 0000034409 00000 n 0000034537 00000 n 0000034592 00000 n 0000034720 00000 n 0000034775 00000 n 0000034903 00000 n 0000034958 00000 n 0000035085 00000 n 0000035140 00000 n 0000035266 00000 n 0000035321 00000 n 0000035447 00000 n 0000035502 00000 n 0000035586 00000 n 0000036694 00000 n 0000036822 00000 n trailer << /Size 54 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 36917 %%EOF