%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 34 0 R 44 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140802075109+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140802075109+01'00') /Title (The Birth of Modern Politics in Spain: Democracy, Association and Revolution, 1854-1875) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4489 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Birth of Modern Politics in Spain: Democracy, Association and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Revolution, 1854-1875)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guy Thomson has distinguished himself through his extensive publications on regional history and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liberalism and nation-building in 19th-century Spain and Mexico. 19th-century Spain has recently been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject to growing interest from British academics, and Thomson?s latest contribution does not disappoint. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Birth of Modern Politics in Spain: Democracy, Association and Revolution, 1854?1875 )] TJ ET BT 478.664 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an innovative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and much-needed contribution to our understanding of the field. Thomson focuses on eastern Andaluca, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular the cities of Loja, Alhama and Antequera and their rural )] TJ ET BT 355.268 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(comarcas)] TJ ET BT 401.924 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and on the political lives of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Loja?s famous sons, the strongman of the )] TJ ET BT 236.660 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(moderados)] TJ ET BT 289.988 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or conservative liberals, General Narvez, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blacksmith Rafael Prez del Alamo, chief of the city?s Democrats and leader of the ?Revolution of Loja? of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(July 1861. Like much Spanish historical writing, Thomson?s approach is regional. But unlike several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish writers of regional history, who are prone to parochial or ideological approaches \(or both\), Thomson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(retains one of the defining strengths of Anglo-Saxon historians of Spain, namely the ability to see the bigger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picture. And his feat is all the more remarkable as he does not go for such low-hanging fruit as Barcelona, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Madrid, or even the provincial capitals of Andaluca as such. Rather he explores the politicisation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supposedly ?peripheral? small towns and villages in Andaluca, uncovering the militancies of middling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Democrat conspirators and activists and the social and geographical networks in which they operated. In so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doing, Thomson certainly honours regional history. But more importantly, Thomson achieves the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(956)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 September, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guy Thomson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230222021)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(368pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Lawrence)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 9507 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarkable feat of seriously challenging orthodox notions of Spanish political modernity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th-century Spain has traditionally been seen as backward and ?peripheral? in relation to ?core? European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(states, and backward even in relation to its own geographical periphery. Whereas most other nineteenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century European states underwent recognisably modern patterns of nation-building, Spain seemed set on an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intractable )] TJ ET BT 87.668 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sonderweg)] TJ ET BT 140.996 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. For a long time, modern political ideas either failed to take root in its dry soils, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were crowded out by an organic Catholic traditionalism, the purest expression of which was Carlism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe?s most resilient legitimism. Thus even though Spanish liberals took control of the state during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1810?4, 1820?3, and definitively in 1840 following a bloody seven-year civil war against Carlists, only in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Madrid, a few provincial capitals, and Spain?s peripheral commercial and industrial cities could they forge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their modern, very patrician, politics. Spanish industrialisation was seen as patchy, and mainly confined to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its ?progressive? Catalan fringe. There was no Spanish 1848. Whereas other European states gained overseas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empires, Spain lost hers. Whereas they advanced majority state nationalisms, Spain advanced minority )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peripheral nationalisms in Catalonia and the Basque country. Even radical politics were different. In most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(countries, this meant Marxist socialism; Spain, by contrast, developed Western Europe?s strongest anarchist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement. And as if all this were not enough, there remained the dominant status of the Spanish Army. First )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and irretrievably\) politicised during the 1808? 14 war against Napoleon, the army made Spain the classic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country of the )] TJ ET BT 104.336 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pronunciamiento)] TJ ET BT 186.332 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, making and breaking revolutions in a weak civil society.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This ?failure? discourse has led to Spain receiving marginal treatment in countless survey histories of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe. Explaining this ?failure?, Hispanists have stressed the myopia of Spain?s liberal oligarchs )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 508.952 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 508.952 514.467 m 522.944 514.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 522.944 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unreconstructed and apolitical kinship of elites )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 261.320 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 261.320 500.211 m 275.312 500.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 275.312 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a failed ?bourgeois revolution? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 433.280 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 433.280 500.211 m 447.272 500.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 447.272 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and a failed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agricultural revolution.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 144.668 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 144.668 485.955 m 158.660 485.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 158.660 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( By contrast, in his )] TJ ET BT 251.996 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Birth of Modern Politics )] TJ ET BT 372.668 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomson advances the revisionist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view of what we may term the ?normalisation? school. This is a challenging and interesting premise for two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasons. Firstly, most historiography concerning 19th-century Spanish radicalism )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 427.316 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 427.316 457.443 m 441.308 457.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 441.308 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is really a discourse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about contemporary Spanish democracy and therefore of limited help to those of us who wish to read history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forwards. Secondly, in tracing political radicalism at small-town and village level, Thomson challenges the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stereotype which sees rural Spain as the negation of the modern city, as a timeless and ?sleeping? habitus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which could be pitch-forked into action only whenever villagers found themselves on the receiving end of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bandits, elections, conscription, the liberal property revolution, or millenarian proselytisers. In short, even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though modern politics may have happened )] TJ ET BT 246.656 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(to )] TJ ET BT 258.992 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rural Spain, it certainly did not come )] TJ ET BT 438.308 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(from)] TJ ET BT 460.976 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( it. Thomson thus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has quite a mountain to climb. And, remarkably, he manages to do it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Base camp for Thomson is the ?normalisation? historiography which since the 1990s has seen Liberal Spain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as marching much more in step with other European nation-states in terms of political and economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernity.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 86.348 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 86.348 302.883 m 100.340 302.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 100.340 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Following this logic, Thomson goes to great pains to internationalise the Isabeline Democrats: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Democrat support was boosted by an exhilarating international climate provided by the Risorgimento and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what seems a pan-European, even global struggle of oppressed peoples, evidenced by the Indian Mutiny, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growth of Irish nationalism, the Polish revolt, Mexico?s resistance to the French Intervention, the American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Civil War and the abolition of slavery? \(p. 296\). This international context is shown to be more than mere )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentary. Spanish Democrats found the path to ?respectable? politics resolutely blocked by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centralised state, strengthened as this was by railways and telegraphs, a politicised judiciary, restrictive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(electoral franchise, the Concordat of 1851, and by the guns of the Civil Guard, and, if needs must, the army, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all of which were at the service of the dynastic parties, the conservative liberals \()] TJ ET BT 422.252 190.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(moderados)] TJ ET BT 475.580 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occasionally, the progressive liberals \()] TJ ET BT 218.312 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(progresistas)] TJ ET BT 277.652 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), both patrician interest groups whose attitudes towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(democracy ranged from paranoia to condescension. Thus barred from open politics, Democrats used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspapers in order to engage ever more people in an expanding public sphere. And these newspapers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offered blanket coverage of nationalist and democratic struggles overseas, especially those of the Hero of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marsala, Giuseppe Garibaldi, all of which, Thomson holds, made Spanish democrats identify themselves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with wider international politics. Democrats also subverted the Isabeline establishment thanks to another )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italian import, the secret )] TJ ET BT 154.328 90.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(carbonari )] TJ ET BT 205.328 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(model of insurrection which inspired the radical wing of the Democrat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Party \(founded in 1849\) in the wake of the failed 1854?6 )] TJ ET BT 309.632 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bienio Progresista)] TJ ET BT 399.968 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Secret societies and the press thus form the substance of Thomson?s analysis, which he sustains by close )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 508.9517 514.7815 522.9437 526.6615 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 261.3197 500.5255 275.3117 512.4055 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 433.2797 500.5255 447.2717 512.4055 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 144.6677 486.2695 158.6597 498.1495 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 427.3157 457.7575 441.3077 469.6375 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 86.3477 303.1975 100.3397 315.0775 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R ] /Contents 35 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Length 9264 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interrogation of radical newspapers, police reports of the Loja Revolution, municipal archives, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal archive of General Narvez. Thomson also mobilises that most precious source in nineteenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century Spain, the political memoir, one from each side of the political divide \(Prez del Alamo and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(moderado )] TJ ET BT 85.676 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(civil governor, Antonio Guerola\). This ample array of primary research allows Thomson to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construct a coherent and satisfyingly biographical chronology, divided into 13 chapters and four parts. Part )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one explores the roots of political factionalism and clandestinity during the Moderate Decade \(1844?54\), up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the Revolution of Loja. Part two explores the July 1861 radical occupation of Loja and its subsequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repression by the military tribunals. Part three explores both the endurance of conspiratorial radicalism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the attempts by )] TJ ET BT 110.348 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(moderados)] TJ ET BT 163.676 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to revive lapsed Catholicism as a means of leading villagers away from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Democrat subversives, several of whom were all the more objectionable for being Protestant evangelisers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who counted on Gibraltar as a base and bolthole. And part four concerns how the fall of the Bourbon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchy in the )] TJ ET BT 115.004 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gloriosa )] TJ ET BT 160.676 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 1868 liberated Democrats from clandestinity and allowed them to merge with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Left )] TJ ET BT 57.008 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(progresistas )] TJ ET BT 119.348 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to form a united Republican Party.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second and third parts are the most important, and not just for what they teach us about small-town )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radicalism. Rather, Thomson also unearths small-town )] TJ ET BT 299.324 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(moderado)] TJ ET BT 347.984 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( paternalism, including relief administered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the diminished Catholic Church, and the system of shelter \(alojamiento\) provided by landlords to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their day-labourers during seasonal times of dearth. In so doing, he shows the reader a likeable side to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(General Narvez ? something which may surprise Hispanists more than other readers ? even though he steers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clear of the sort of unconvincing and hagiographical treatment \(e.g. Rvsz, 1953\) which has been accorded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to this chieftain of the centralised state. Of course, it might be countered that in caring for his less fortunate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(lojeos )] TJ ET BT 71.684 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the General?s paternalism had nothing to do with the Neo-Catholic movement and everything to do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with his need to maintain a populist platform, especially during his lengthy Parisian exile under O?Donnell?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1858?63 Liberal Union. In any case, in showing a rare polychromatic side to Narvez, Thomson?s study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inevitably invites a proper biography of the )] TJ ET BT 244.988 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(espadn de Loja)] TJ ET BT 324.320 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. And in tracing the political trajectories of both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Narvez and his literal neighbour, the blacksmith and Democrat, Prez del Alamo, Thomson achieves two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important objectives. Firstly, he shows how the centrist Liberal Union?s desire to deny Narvez a political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(platform in Loja led to Madrid effectively turning a blind eye to Democrat machinations in this lynchpin of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sierras. Secondly, Thomson breathes life into Spain?s increasingly articulate left-right political divide, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(divide which needs to be understood no longer in the timeworn paradigm of Spanish exceptionalism, but as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of a recognisably modern evolution.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In conclusion, Guy Thomson?s )] TJ ET BT 187.004 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Birth of Modern Politics in Spain )] TJ ET BT 350.348 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is innovative, stimulating and thought-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provoking. In the 1960s, the Francoist tourism ministry, keen to combine economic growth with self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legitimisation, coined the phrase ?Spain is different?. This slogan has loomed large ever since. So many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians have erected all manner of ideological barricades either defending or attacking Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptionalism. Thomson, however, politely circumvents these ideological barricades and observes that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spain wasn?t so different after all.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 238.611 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 207.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Raymond Carr, )] TJ ET BT 141.008 207.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Spain, 1808?1939)] TJ ET BT 228.344 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1966\); Charles Esdaile, )] TJ ET BT 391.316 207.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Spain in the Liberal Age: From )] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Constitution to Civil War \(A History of Spain\))] TJ ET BT 285.704 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 364.352 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 364.352 192.339 m 418.340 192.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 179.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jess Cruz, )] TJ ET BT 121.676 179.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentlemen, Bourgeois, and Revolutionaries: Political Change and Cultural Persistence )] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(among the Spanish Dominant Groups, 1750-1850)] TJ ET BT 303.344 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1996\); )] TJ ET BT 404.000 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Los notables de Madrid. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Las bases socials de la revolucin liberal espaola)] TJ ET BT 309.680 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Madrid, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 389.000 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 389.000 149.571 m 442.988 149.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 136.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Miguel Artola-Gallego, )] TJ ET BT 180.332 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La burguesa revolucionaria)] TJ ET BT 318.332 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Madrid, 1974\); Jordi Nadal, )] TJ ET BT 462.644 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(El fracaso de la )] TJ ET BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(revolucin industrial en Espaa, 1814?1913)] TJ ET BT 278.348 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Madrid, 1977\); Josep Fontana, )] TJ ET BT 435.332 122.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La crisis del antiguo )] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(rgimen)] TJ ET BT 103.340 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Barcelona, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 195.980 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 195.980 106.803 m 249.968 106.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 93.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward E. Malefakis, )] TJ ET BT 171.656 93.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Agrarian Reform and Peasant Revolution in Spain: Origins of the Civil War)] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1970\); Antonio Miguel Berbal, )] TJ ET BT 263.672 79.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La lucha por la tierra en la crisis del antiguo rgimen)] TJ ET BT 64.016 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Madrid, 1979\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 140.336 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 140.336 64.035 m 194.324 64.035 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 51.178 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Iris M. Zavala, )] TJ ET BT 138.332 51.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Masones, comuneros y carbonarios)] TJ ET BT 309.644 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Madrid, 1971\); Alberto Gil Novales, )] TJ ET BT 495.620 51.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Las )] TJ ET BT 64.016 36.917 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sociedades patriticas \(1820?1823\))] TJ ET endstream endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 364.3517 192.6535 418.3397 204.5335 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 388.9997 149.8855 442.9877 161.7655 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 195.9797 107.1175 249.9677 118.9975 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 140.3357 64.3495 194.3237 76.2295 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R ] /Contents 45 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Length 3183 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Madrid, 1975\); Irene Castells, )] TJ ET BT 215.324 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La utopa insurreccional del liberalismo: Torrijos y las conspiraciones )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(liberales de la dcada ominosa)] TJ ET BT 214.004 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Barcelona, 1989\); )] TJ ET BT 309.980 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revolucin y democracia: el jacobinismo europeo)] TJ ET BT 551.600 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. Irene Castells, Llus Roura i Aulinas \(Madrid, 1995\); Ronald Fraser, )] TJ ET BT 412.976 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La maldita guerra de Espaa. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historia social de la Guerra de la Independencia, 1808?1814)] TJ ET BT 360.992 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Barcelona, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 453.632 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 453.632 752.307 m 507.620 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 739.450 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Ringrose, )] TJ ET BT 145.676 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Spain, Europe, and the ?Spanish Miracle?, 1700?1900)] TJ ET BT 410.000 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1996\); Isabel )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burdiel, )] TJ ET BT 106.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La poltica en el reinado de Isabel II)] TJ ET BT 282.332 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Madrid, 1998\); )] TJ ET BT 364.988 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Economa, sociedad, poltica y cultura )] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(en la Espaa de Isabel II)] TJ ET BT 184.328 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Gonzalo Anes, Alvarez de Castrilln \(Real Academia de la Historia, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004\); Manuel Santirso Rodrguez, )] TJ ET BT 236.336 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Progreso y libertad: Espaa en la Europa liberal, 1830?1870)] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Madrid, 2008\); Andrs Rvsz, )] TJ ET BT 221.984 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Un dictador liberal: Narvez)] TJ ET BT 362.312 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Madrid, 1953\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 441.632 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 441.632 681.027 m 495.620 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 610.927 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 593.147 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 593.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/956)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 591.753 m 322.316 591.753 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 566.776 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 552.376 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4944)] TJ ET BT 34.016 537.976 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 453.6317 752.6215 507.6197 764.5015 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 441.6317 681.3415 495.6197 693.2215 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 31 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 592.0675 322.3157 603.9475 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/956) >> endobj xref 0 52 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000590 00000 n 0000000672 00000 n 0000005213 00000 n 0000005322 00000 n 0000005432 00000 n 0000005541 00000 n 0000009102 00000 n 0000009230 00000 n 0000009314 00000 n 0000009433 00000 n 0000018993 00000 n 0000019023 00000 n 0000019151 00000 n 0000019187 00000 n 0000019217 00000 n 0000019345 00000 n 0000019381 00000 n 0000019411 00000 n 0000019539 00000 n 0000019575 00000 n 0000019605 00000 n 0000019733 00000 n 0000019769 00000 n 0000019799 00000 n 0000019927 00000 n 0000019963 00000 n 0000019993 00000 n 0000020120 00000 n 0000020156 00000 n 0000020261 00000 n 0000029578 00000 n 0000029706 00000 n 0000029761 00000 n 0000029889 00000 n 0000029944 00000 n 0000030072 00000 n 0000030127 00000 n 0000030253 00000 n 0000030308 00000 n 0000030406 00000 n 0000033642 00000 n 0000033770 00000 n 0000033825 00000 n 0000033953 00000 n 0000034008 00000 n 0000034136 00000 n trailer << /Size 52 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 34231 %%EOF