%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140708234346+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140708234346+01'00') /Title (Perspectives on American Religion and Culture) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4520 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Perspectives on American Religion and Culture)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A few weeks before Peter W. Williams, ed., )] TJ ET BT 248.624 344.603 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Perspectives on American Religion and Culture, )] TJ ET BT 484.268 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Blackwells, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford 1999\) arrived, I met a Chinese-American professor whose dress, accent and confidence suggested a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long-established American family. In fact she was of Chinese-Vietnamese parents, brought up in Cambodia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and had spent two years as a boat refugee. Sponsored by a Catholic agency at eight without any English, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequently gained a doctorate from the finest state university in California and still retains a traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(faith. She epitomises the thrust of this collection: America welcomes, liberates and enables her to negotiate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her own adjustments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book has twenty seven essays around seven themes ranging across the nation, centuries and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denominations. Five essays each discuss intellectuals and the growing field of material culture. Four cover )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pluralism while three each examine the colonial period, transitions, gender, race and ethnicity. Within those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(categories Mormons, Positivism, Native Americans, food, drink and serpent handling have one each, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Judaism two and the largest single body, Roman Catholicism, three. Well-worn paths bypassed include )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spiritualism, abolitionism and prohibitionism: sport, movies, homosexuality and recent immigrant faiths are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely absent. Interestingly, a volume devoted to diversity has only two academics come from west of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mississippi and no obvious 'new' immigrant essayist.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The writers underestimate Scottish influence from Witherspoon to Common Sense philosophy in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transforming Puritanism; in Edward Caird promoting the Religion of Humanity; or in the fear of atheism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anarchy. But these are pedantic points about a lively set of essays and succinct bibliographies. Professor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Williams and his friends deserve our thanks for a collection which reflects the vibrant nature of American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious studies, like the dynamic faith and joy of the nation itself. It will be valuable to undergrauate and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(96)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 February, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Williams)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781577181174)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blackwell)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bernard Aspinwall)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6892 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researcher alike.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It shows a shift from old orthodoxies to new, more exciting, diverse views of immigrant spiritual experience )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is complete. Elites previously asserted moral superiority. whether ethical culturalist, revivalist, Episcopalian, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic conservative or even women. Popular revulsion against certain stereotyped immigrants overcame )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earlier tolerance: Crevecouer's dream foundered on Nativism. Laurie Maffley-Kipp shows Christians united )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in opposition to Chinese migrants as Carolyn Haynes's women endorsed social and racial superiority.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That day is done.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 660.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Group hagiography or celebration likewise have moved on to more critical assessment. Even Sydney )] TJ ET BT 34.016 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ahlstrom's magisterial study has succumbed to more complex interpretations. If George Marsden refreshed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundamentalist study, Jay P. Dolan and the Cushwa Center, showed the varied Catholic experience: like 'the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fighting Irish' themselves Catholicism is rich and diverse. Stephen J. Stein argues alternative lifestyles or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minorities gave others greater confidence in their choices. The architecture of revivalism according to Jeanne )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kilde produced new ideas of faith in the public arena, highlighted the individual preacher for good or ill and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strengthened faith through public emotion. Patriotism united faiths in World Wars and Cold- War while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postwar affluence saw increasing intermarriage between Catholics and Protestants, Christians and Jews. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anne C Rose argues upward mobility left traditional theologies and ethnic links behind. And yet identity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persisted within a religious framework. Lyman Beecher's eleven children all abandoned his Calvinism; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewish males often married Christian wives; only one daughter of publisher Henry Carey's large family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(married a Catholic while his grandson was H. C. Lea, historian of the Inquisition. If Washington Gladden )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gloried in an inter-racial social gospel, Congregationalists sustained a segregated system. The extreme case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Cornelia Connelly and her husband exemplifies each generation' search. in religious individualism: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumer found meaning in the marketplace of competing faiths.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Each generation further distanced from Europe and enjoying higher standards, found self denial less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resonant. They celebrated the triumph of American pluralism rather than that of a particular sect or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denomination: E Pluribus Unum. Each praised the Lord and nation in its peculiar mode of expression. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portable expressions of faith, medals and books, spawned literary and artistic enterprises. More elaborate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buildings made a statement of a group and its faith. In Beth Wenger's fascinating essay, the few interwar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewish activists improved recruitment through more synagogue facilities and strengthened group identity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through dynamic Zionism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The New Deal recognised Jewish and Catholic needs, aspirations and permanent voting power. Like Mary Jo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weaver and Paula Kane's Catholics they moved from victimhood to fuller acceptance. Catholic parishes as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Orsi showed earlier provided witness to ethnic values and space for self-expression. Neo-Thomistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clergy and deferential laity reinforced faith in devotional and mutual aid organisations. But perhaps their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decline owed less to 'discernment' and more to religion as lifestyle. The persistence of folk art, contrary to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leonard N. Primiano, in my limited experience, seems more generational: it flourishes in Florida retirement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(zones rather than in Louisville or Chicago. And was 'ghetto Catholicism' anything but a process of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adjustment? Could anyone remain isolated in American culture? Married Catholic clergy might solve some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problems, but raise divorce and child care issues. And homosexual clergy? As a venerable Dominican, rector )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a Scottish university, said to me years ago 'We have had homosexual clergy for 2,000 years'. It is like the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary issue of homosexuals in the military. Social improvement meant adjustment and adaptation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Each group responded gradually and sometimes imaginatively to social change. But every vision from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Puritanism, Mormonism to Catholicism adjusted in a similar way to marketing realities. Would their faith )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(play in Peoria? For as Philip L.Barlow on Mormons and Russell E. Richey on Methodism show, religion is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in permanent transition. Every visit to America is to a new country. On each occasion like Montalembert's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visits to England, it is 'a bath of life'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By the 1990s later arrivals had similarly adjusted and shared in a common progression. Religious divisions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are more horizontal than vertical: conservatives and liberals have far more in common across than within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denominations. In religion as elsewhere in America the consumer is king although in some areas women )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 1090 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(priests, homosexuality and abortion remain unresolved, divisive issues.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As one Progressive academic of the early twentieth century wrote 'Can a nation which has been through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Calvinism ever be truly democratic?' The final answer is still awaited.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 710.719 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 692.939 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 692.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/96)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 691.545 m 316.316 691.545 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 666.568 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 652.168 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/655)] TJ ET BT 34.016 637.768 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 691.8595 316.3157 703.7395 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/96) >> endobj xref 0 20 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000541 00000 n 0000000623 00000 n 0000005195 00000 n 0000005304 00000 n 0000005414 00000 n 0000005523 00000 n 0000009084 00000 n 0000009212 00000 n 0000009296 00000 n 0000009361 00000 n 0000016306 00000 n 0000016390 00000 n 0000017533 00000 n 0000017661 00000 n trailer << /Size 20 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 17755 %%EOF