%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 23 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140820102947+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140820102947+01'00') /Title (Contagion ? Historical Views of Diseases and Epidemics) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4899 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Contagion ? Historical Views of Diseases and Epidemics)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The concept of contagion is entangled with so many themes in the history of medicine that any on-line )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection on the subject can hardly fail to generate interest among the scholarly community. Harvard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University?s )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 97.676 316.091 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contagion: Historical Views of Disease and Epidemics)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 97.676 314.871 m 363.008 314.871 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 366.008 316.091 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 384.344 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not disappoint. Presenting a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wide range of digital sources ? including published works and some unpublished manuscripts from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harvard?s libraries - it balances coverage of specific and for the most part familiar disease episodes with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thematic and biographical material, each section being prefaced by an introductory essay. The digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resources range form the late 14th century to the 20th, specific topics including the Great Plague of London, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Boston smallpox epidemics and cholera. Each topic is linked to relevant sections in the ?General )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materials? part of the website, which includes sources relating to disease theory, domestic medicine and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international health. It is impossible to do justice to all the essays and sources contained in the collection but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it is hoped that this review will give a sense of what the site has to offer. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One set of material that is sure to be of interest to many historians of medicine, as well as social and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians, is the collection of sources gathered under the heading of ?Syphilis, 1494?1923?. Some historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will immediately raise an eyebrow at the time-frame, which implies that ?syphilis? was more or less stable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a concept and as a disease entity over these many years. Others would be more or less happy with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heading, acknowledging a probable link between the ?pox? and the ?French disease? of the early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period and the more specific concept of syphilis that emerged in the 19th century. The introductory essay, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, is clearly not intending to make any particular historiographical point, but merely to provide some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contextualization of the source material gathered under this head. This inclusive approach is probably the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right one for a collection such as this, letting the reader seek further enlightenment from the select )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(965)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 September, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Darnton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harvard University Library Open Collections Program)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/contagion/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge, MA)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Harrison)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 97.6757 315.0115 363.0077 326.8915 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/contagion/) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7552 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bibliography of secondary sources which accompanies the essay. The value of the primary source material, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, largely speaks for itself. Early-modernists will find it handy to have on-line access to such classics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Frascatoro?s )] TJ ET BT 110.660 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Syphilis )] TJ ET BT 151.664 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Ulrich von Hutton?s )] TJ ET BT 272.984 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Of the Wood Called Guaiacum)] TJ ET BT 421.640 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Historians of the modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period will also find much original material, grouped under the sub-headings of ?Morality and regulation? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(sources concerning prostitution and its regulation in the USA, Britain and France\) and ?Diagnosis and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatments?. There is also a miscellaneous section entitled ?Other medical works? which includes some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting texts on ?venereal diseases? in English, French and German.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The secondary bibliography accompanying the introductory essay on syphilis comprises 12 works which are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helpful to scholars new to the subject, including some quite general works on disease, as well as studies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specific locations and time periods. Some have clearly been chosen because they make important points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about how historians ought to interpret disease concepts and epidemics while others relate more to the social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and cultural aspects of this disease. While not exhaustive, therefore, the works are wisely chosen. Links are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also made to other parts of the website which might aid understanding of the topic. Overall, this section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides a useful point of departure for persons entirely new to the subject as well as a useful resource for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians seeking access to the material for their research, be they students or established scholars. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The part of the collection grouped around syphilis is in some senses untypical of the website as a whole, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however. The remaining sections on specific diseases deal with more constricted time periods, spanning a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century at most, or in some cases a particular epidemic. In the coverage of such events there is a marked bias )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards Europe and the Americas: for example, the Great Plague of London \(1665\), the Boston smallpox )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epidemics \(1721\), the yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia \(1793\) and the ?Spanish? influenza of 1918?9 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in America. This limits the utility of the site to some extent but it is compensated for by more global )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coverage in the thematic sections listed under ?General materials?. The latter will be considered in a moment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but first it is necessary to look at little more closely at some of the other disease-specific episodes covered by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this collection.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It will come as no surprise to find that plague finds a place in the pantheon of epidemics covered by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection. Of the outbreaks singled out here, the Great Plague of London is one of the best known, having )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been the subject of many historical works, some of which are listed in the bibliography accompanying the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introductory essay. However, there are some notable gaps here. By comparison with some of the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays, the bibliography for the Great Plague is rather brief and ignores some important recent studies of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London outbreak, such as those by Justin Champion. None the less, the collection of primary source material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on this subject is useful, especially for teaching purposes. The classic eye-witness accounts which one would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expect to find in such a collection are all here, including Pepys? )] TJ ET BT 343.628 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Diary)] TJ ET BT 371.624 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Defoe?s )] TJ ET BT 437.264 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal)] TJ ET BT 474.596 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. There is also an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting collection of medical works and receipt books containing information about preservation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatment. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic of 1793 occupies a similar place in American folk-lore and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography as the Great Plague does in England and is thus an obvious candidate for inclusion in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harvard collection on contagion. Apart from the social drama associated with the outbreak, the epidemic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has become famous because of the important role played in it by Dr Benjamin Rush, a signatory of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Declaration of Independence as well as an eminent physician. The texts selected include Rush?s often-cited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatise on the epidemic and most bare directly on the question of contagion, which had become a vexed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politically-charged issue in Europe and America by the 1790s. The wider political ramifications of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epidemic and the debate over contagion are, however, not alluded to in the historical essay which is rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brief by comparison with some of the others. Some important secondary sources which are useful on this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dimension ? specifically Martin Pernick?s work on the epidemic and the formation of the first party system ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are omitted from the bibliography.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The other specifically North American parts of the collection are the sections on the on the Boston smallpox )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epidemic of 1721 and the Spanish influenza of 1918?9. The former contains classic texts on inoculation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(then new to the Americas\) as well as eye-witness accounts of the epidemic itself. The bibliography for this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section is useful and seems up to date. The holdings placed on-line for the Spanish influenza are notable for )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7627 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the inclusion of some manuscript sources as well as published ones, including the papers of Kenneth Griggs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Merrill \(which contain accounts of the aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart?s battle with influenza\) and those of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the President of Harvard during the time of the epidemic.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manuscript sources also figure prominently in the section of cholera and having on-line access to such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material provides a great service to historians, especially those outside the United States, who might wish to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view it for comparative purposes. The rest of the collection on cholera includes the classic investigative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of Snow, Pettenkofer and Koch, but sadly no primary sources which examine the disease at its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supposed point of origin in India. Manuscript sources loom large, too, in the collection on Tuberculosis in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe and North America, 1800?1922, providing insights into volunteer organizations involved in nursing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tuberculosis patients and into the lives of patients themselves. Some unpublished sources also appear in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection on ??Pestilence? and the printed books of the late 15th century?, although this section is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominated by an impressive number of incunabula, including such classic texts as Marsilio Ficino?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consiglio Contro la Pestilenza)] TJ ET BT 182.372 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. It is very helpful to have such rare texts available on line.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In some respects, the anomaly among the collections on disease is the section on ?Tropical diseases and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construction of the Panama Canal?. While concentrating on the eradication of a specific disease ? yellow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fever ? the emphasis here is very much upon the endeavours of William Gorgas whose sanitary work in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Canal Zone helped to remove the threat of yellow fever and malaria. In some ways this is the least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(satisfactory of the different sections, the range of primary source material being quite limited.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second major part of the Contagion collection is headed ?General materials?. It seems to have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(designed to fill in some of the gaps left in the coverage of specific diseases and to deepen the user?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of key concepts running throughout the collection. It includes distinct sections on ideas of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contagion and epidemics, humoral and germ theories, and public health and vaccination. The introductory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay to the section on ?Concepts of contagion and epidemics? does a pretty good job of rendering what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were often very imprecise notions of contagiousness intelligible to non-expert readers. The bibliography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used to compile this section is, however, rather limited and does not provide much assistance to readers who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seek a deeper understanding of the subject. Although some classic historical studies are cited many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important works are not, most notably )] TJ ET BT 220.340 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contagion: Historical and Cultural Studies)] TJ ET BT 429.032 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, edited by Alison )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bashford and Claire Hooker.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 172.652 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 172.652 374.163 m 186.644 374.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 186.644 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Anyone wishing to understand the complex evolution of the notion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contagion would do well to read Margaret Pelling?s essay in this volume. But what the introduction to this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section lacks in guidance for the reader is more than made up by a treasure-trove of fascinating primary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources which illustrate debates over the contagiousness of epidemic diseases and measures commonly taken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to control them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The section on ?Concepts of contagion? is augmented by two others, on ?Humoral theory? and ?Germ )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theory? respectively. The former contains some classic works, including the Hippocratic texts which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided the primary reference point for subsequent work on the environmental causes of disease, as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some unusual items which illustrate various facets of the ?environmentalist? outlook, including Ebenezer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sibly?s astrological treatise )] TJ ET BT 169.004 235.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Key to Physic and the Occult Sciences)] TJ ET BT 363.296 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and two texts on non-Western medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditions. Some of these themes are taken further in the section on ?Medical geography?. As one might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expect in a collection such as this, the section on Germ Theory is particularly strong. It is prefaced by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful introductory essay \(although the bibliography is oddly selected\) and the primary source material is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abundant. There are texts representing early germ theories, on Justus Liebig?s notion of zymosis, and, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course, works by Pasteur, Lister, Koch and other luminaries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For this reviewer, one of the greatest strengths of the collection is the wealth of primary sources on public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(health and preventive medicine. Apart from the specific interventions covered in sections dealing with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular disease outbreaks, the site?s ?General materials? contain a wide range of sources on disease )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prevention in various contexts, including non-Western ones. The sections on ?Public health? and ?Colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and international medicine? are admirably diverse, with primary sources ranging from the 16th to the 20th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, and relating to several continents. The ?Vaccination? section is more restricted geographically but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contains three useful manuscript sources in addition to classic works on vaccination. However, one of the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 172.6517 374.4775 186.6437 386.3575 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 4625 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most valuable parts of the collection from a public health historian?s point of view is that on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(International Sanitary Conferences. The site has the proceedings of 11 of these conferences from the first, at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paris, in 1851, through to the 11th at Paris in 1903. The Pan-American Sanitary Conferences also appear in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Public Health section, making this site invaluable to anyone interested in international health. It is rare to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(find the proceedings of so many of these conferences in one place and having them available on-line is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tremendously helpful.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The general and disease-specific sections of the site are complemented by a time-line and a biographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section which provides essays on some important individuals including William Gorgas, Robert Koch, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Florence Nightingale, Max Pettenkofer and Rudolf Virchow. In addition, there are some less widely known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figures whose lives and works complement the other sections. The site as whole is extremely easy to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(navigate and the connections between sections are evident throughout. There are also many useful links to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other potentially relevant websites at Harvard and outside, for example the Centers for Disease Control, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, the World Health Organization Historical Collection, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the Library of Congress. The team of scholars, librarians and web-designers who shaped the project is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clearly listed although it is not always apparent which members of the team contributed to the writing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compilation of sources for different sections. The design of the site is attractive and the search functions for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual texts worked well in the examples selected by this reviewer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All told, )] TJ ET BT 77.024 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contagion: Historical Views of Diseases and Epidemics)] TJ ET BT 347.024 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a valuable resource. Historians will find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in it much material that will augment their teaching and which will be useful for their own research. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introductory essays rarely do the primary source material justice but this deficiency is outweighed by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enormous advantages of the site as a whole. It certainly succeeds in its aim of assisting teachers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researchers in the history of medicine and in providing a historical context for discussions of health policy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and their outcomes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 423.939 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 393.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contagion: Historical and Cultural Studies)] TJ ET BT 272.708 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Alison Bashford and Claire Hooker \(London, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 377.667 m 118.004 377.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 352.805 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 333.823 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 316.043 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 316.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/965)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 314.649 m 322.316 314.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 289.672 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.272 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 260.872 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/contagion/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 246.472 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 377.9815 118.0037 389.8615 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 314.9635 322.3157 326.8435 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/965) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000557 00000 n 0000000646 00000 n 0000005597 00000 n 0000005706 00000 n 0000005816 00000 n 0000005925 00000 n 0000009486 00000 n 0000009614 00000 n 0000009698 00000 n 0000009825 00000 n 0000009914 00000 n 0000009979 00000 n 0000017584 00000 n 0000017668 00000 n 0000025348 00000 n 0000025378 00000 n 0000025506 00000 n 0000025542 00000 n 0000025633 00000 n 0000030311 00000 n 0000030438 00000 n 0000030493 00000 n 0000030621 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30716 %%EOF