%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 45 0 R 79 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417052442+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417052442+01'00') /Title (Capital Affairs: London and the Making of the Permissive Society) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4511 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Capital Affairs: London and the Making of the Permissive Society)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this book, Frank Mort, who holds a Chair in Cultural Histories at the University of Manchester, continues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the work begun in )] TJ ET BT 124.004 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cultures of Consumption: Commerce, Masculinities and Social Space in Late Twentieth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Century Britain)] TJ ET BT 109.688 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and in )] TJ ET BT 145.352 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-Moral Politics in England since 1830)] TJ ET BT 480.992 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 483.992 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 483.992 257.673 m 497.984 257.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 497.984 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume presents a cultural history of London in the decade that begins in the early 1950s with the coronation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Queen Elizabeth II \(1953\) and ends in the early 1960s with the Profumo Affair \(1963\). London, Mort )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explains, serves as the urban prism to bring into focus changes in personal and sexual lives taking place in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this period: here is London as an exemplary progressive city, and its urban spaces as settings for culture, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power and action. ?Capital Affairs? are those dramatic and public moral conflicts concerning sex, leisure, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social policy, immigration, espionage, law, that caused a promiscuous miscegenation of high and low )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London ? the only 20th-century European capital not to fall to the forces of fascism or communism ? came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be repositioned between 1945 and 1965 as central to national and world affairs, engendering further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes elsewhere. The usual term to characterise such change is the emergence of the ?permissive society?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But this is a misprision that conceals as much as it reveals, Mort contends. ?Permissiveness? was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessarily a new, linear, progressive, emancipatory or modernising force in London, Britain or the world. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mort disagrees with the conventional periodization of this change \(the ?Swinging Sixties?\), with the key )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(968)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 October, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frank Mort)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300118797)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(528pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nigel Rapport)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 483.9917 257.9875 497.9837 269.8675 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7462 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protagonists, the social consequences, and the assumed links between sexual changes and wider culturo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic ones. His argument is that here is neither a revolution nor a radical break but an uneven )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acceleration of transformations possessing longer duration: major Victorian social policies and value )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(systems, laws and morals, remained in place.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are two keys to Mort?s analysis. The first is sex. While sexuality is part of wider networks of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption, a contested domain which is a product of competing cultural and political forces and shot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through with wider social divisions, also, sex is a privileged way of interpreting the workings of power. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Power is, indeed, Mort?s second key. It must be understood both structurally-cum-discursively and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanistically: there are egocentric actors, albeit that ?men and women are not at the centre of things? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11\). What are central are ?cultural expressions? that come to be expressed in ?historically situated authorial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consciousnesses?, as Mort cites Judith Walkowitz. Individuals use the resources available to them to make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense and express themselves, but they are not fully in control of the process of bearing witness. Neither free )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agents nor wholly trapped by circumstance, men and women make history in the face of events they do not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control and by way of the languages on offer to them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(His mediatory stance between )] TJ ET BT 181.316 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(structuralisme)] TJ ET BT 250.652 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and humanism still accords with feminist critiques and with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Foucauldian counter-histories of sexual-moral progress, Mort feels. But he would include the way in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he was himself attracted by the lure of London after the decriminalisation of homosexuality: a place to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?experience the energy that was opening a new phase of the gay male world? \(page 20\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mort writes his account through seven main chapters. Chapter one recounts the London coronation of Queen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth II in 1953 and the patrician figures at the centre of this performance. Chapter two charts the impact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of an elite on fashionable stereotypical characters or figures such as the ?man-about-town? and associated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(styles of upper-class femininity. A re-emergence of this elite culture, it is argued, can be linked to London?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metropolitan dominance during the 1950s, and the shaping of a new ?progressive? metropolitan culture. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter three examines certain spectacular transgressive sexual events, in particular the ?Rillington Place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Murders? by John Christie \(primarily of prostitutes but also of his wife\). These stories of dangerous and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wayward sexuality effected a juxtaposition between metropolitan high society and low underworlds, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(destabilised traditional moral certainties. Socio-technical surveillance became necessary to cope with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?new? rise of prostitution, homosexuality and immigrant mores. In chapter four the Wolfenden Inquiry on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homosexuality and prostitution, loosening public behavioural straitjackets, takes centre stage. Chapter five )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focuses on Soho, an exotic, foreign and cosmopolitan quarter of London, of bohemianism and Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigration and entrepreneurship. A kaleidoscope of cultures existed here and the term ?cosmopolitan? was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vaunted, implying if not a Kantian sense of detachment, of critical distance and universalism, then a modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metropolitanism that included both the positives of commerce, leisure and transnationalism and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negatives of transgression, impurity, rootlessness and disorder. Soho as the key locus of pleasure and danger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continues in chapter six with an account of the permissive sexuality performed at the Windmill Theatre and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Raymond Revuebar; also with an account of a shift in surveillance from patrician consensualist control )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the limits of decency, taste and etiquette to more direct police intervention. Finally, chapter seven )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considers the Profumo Affair: a Conservative Secretary of State for War enjoys a sexual dalliance with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christine Keeler who is also the reputed mistress of an alleged Russian spy, and then lies about it in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(House of Commons. ?The scandal?s legacy?, Mort suggests, ?generated an atmosphere of moral confusion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and social turbulence that reflected the dilemmas and possibilities associated with permissiveness? \(p. 24\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British post-war cultural change, concludes Mort, is a matter of the )] TJ ET BT 358.964 163.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(longue dure)] TJ ET BT 421.952 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and is the result not only of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elite or governmental actors and actions, nor of experts and entrepreneurs, but also of young sexually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independent women, Caribbean newcomers and homosexual men: all players in a combustible mix.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frank Mort?s book is long and detailed: 361 pages; 82 pages of notes; 40 pages of references; 22 pages of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(index. It is a labour of love, I would say, in which personal history and the social-cum-national are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combined. ?Personal nationalism? is the phrase that the anthropologist Anthony Cohen has used to describe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the way in which individuals may find themselves in collective labels and symbols, in assertions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communitarian tradition and change. ?Nationalism is an expression of self-identity?, Cohen argues: ?I )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R 34 0 R 37 0 R 40 0 R 43 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8968 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substantiate the otherwise vacuous national label in terms of my own experience, my reading of history, my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perception of the landscape, and my reading of [a nation?s] literature and music, so that when I ?see? the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation, I am looking at myself?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 187.004 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 187.004 766.563 m 200.996 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 200.996 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Mort?s book presents a cogent narrative of a life in London and Britain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in those years before the Swinging Sixties seemed to have changed everything.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But I also note how Cohen concludes his argument. The nation is a grand generalization, he observes )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 522.272 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 522.272 726.051 m 536.264 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 536.264 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose objective correlative is a form not a meaning. The nation bespeaks homogeneity and is indiscriminate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with regard to the identity of individual members, but this is true )] TJ ET BT 347.672 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(as formal rhetoric only)] TJ ET BT 458.672 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In the domain of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaning, the nation, as with any symbolic construct and any collectivity, is animated and filled and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deployed by individuals in idiosyncratic ways for particular purposes at particular moments. Of course it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often a political strategy to claim that )] TJ ET BT 216.332 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(formal )] TJ ET BT 251.336 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homogeneity equals )] TJ ET BT 350.660 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(meaningful )] TJ ET BT 407.660 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homogeneity ? that all within a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(category take on the stereotypical lineaments of that category ? as ?British?, say, or ?Muslim? or ?women? ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but if we as human scientists derive the identities of our individual subjects from their membership of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective or a category then we have denied that these individuals inevitably and inexorably construe their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own identities in their own ways. Not only is the individual authorship of identity a universal capacity and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(universal practice, it is also, Cohen concludes )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 256.316 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 256.316 583.491 m 270.308 583.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 270.308 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( a universal ? one might say, ?cosmopolitan? ? right, and ?it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an infringement of that right for the anthropologist or anyone else to treat my self, however it is described, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a mere reflex of some larger structural condition?. If we peddle the myth of communitarian homogeneity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then, ?we have been complicit in the colonization, massification, or anonymization of the human subject?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 543.944 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 543.944 540.723 m 557.936 540.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How does this sit with Mort?s assertion that ?men and women are not at the centre of things?: that the task )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the human scientist is to contextualise ?egocentric actors? among discourses and structures, among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?cultural expressions?? The trouble with this is that ?context? is so slippery, so potentially ?colonizing? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?massificating? a concept. As Ernest Gellner famously phrased it: ?There is nothing in the nature of things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or societies to dictate visibly just how much context is relevant to any given utterance, or how the context )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should be described?.\()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 141.656 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 141.656 443.187 m 155.648 443.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 155.648 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Or in the more direct terms favoured by Ludwig Wittgenstein: ?There is nothing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more stupid than the chatter about cause and effect in history books; nothing is more wrong-headed, more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(half-baked?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 93.656 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 93.656 414.675 m 107.648 414.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gellner would have hated the ?context?, above, that allowed his words to be classified alongside those of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wittgenstein as commensurate to an argument. But that is my point. Context is a personal construct of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual meaning-making and world-view.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 248.660 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 248.660 359.907 m 262.652 359.907 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 262.652 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is a matter of how one attends to the world and makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one?s circumstance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mort attends to London between 1953 and 1963 by way of seven major landmarks which together come to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embody the analytical context of ?permissiveness as a situation of the uneven acceleration of longstanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traits of British society and culture?. These seven landmarks, we have seen, are the coronation of Queen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth II, the patrician ?man-about-town?, the Rillington Place murders, the Wolfenden Inquiry, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cosmopolitanism of Soho, the licentiousness of Soho, and the Profumo Affair. But why these precisely?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In ?The Book of the Recording Angel?, as A. M. MacIver )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 315.284 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 315.284 236.115 m 329.276 236.115 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 329.276 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( characterised the ideal history, ?the whole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story of everything that ever happened to every individual? would be recounted. The stuff of history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacIver elaborated, is the countless actual individual doings of all individuals who have lived taken together )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? history being ?nothing but the resultant of all the acts of millions of individuals?, some more consequential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than others ? since it is individuals who are met in the flesh and who possess an ontology distinct from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postulates of theory \(?class?, ?spirit of the age?, ?discursive episteme?\). However, since history is also a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human product \(rather than an angelic one\), it can only approach the ideal, MacIver concluded, and it does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so by eschewing generalization. History approximates to a perfect recounting as generalization tends to zero.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What might this mean in practice \(and the issue would appear the same not only for the historian but the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethnographer, the memoirist and the biographer\)? It may not be satisfactory for the ?history? of something to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become synonymous with the ?diary? of something, but nevertheless I would like to stake the claim of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history being an avowedly personal documentation. It is the writing of actual individual doings by actual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals: it is the )] TJ ET BT 132.032 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(personal)] TJ ET BT 174.032 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( attempt to consider countless individual doings, own and other. And since no )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 187.0037 766.8775 200.9957 778.7575 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 522.2717 726.3655 536.2637 738.2455 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 256.3157 583.8055 270.3077 595.6855 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 543.9437 541.0375 557.9357 552.9175 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 141.6557 443.5015 155.6477 455.3815 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 93.6557 414.9895 107.6477 426.8695 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 248.6597 360.2215 262.6517 372.1015 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 42 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 315.2837 236.4295 329.2757 248.3095 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 48 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R 69 0 R 71 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R ] /Contents 46 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Length 9309 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human individual can write ?The Book of the Recording Angel?, and any history will therefore inevitably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contain imperfect constructions of context in whose terms individual doings might be seen to make sense, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and will inevitably formulate some generalizations that elide individual details with others, let it be admitted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? given an overt personal signature ? that this is a history )] TJ ET BT 309.980 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(from an avowedly individual point of view)] TJ ET BT 512.648 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Frank )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mort?s book is a cogent depiction of life in London and Britain in the years preceding the Swinging Sixties, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but it is also an individual history imbued with a personal portrayal of context and generality, I would assert, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and all the better for it. It is filled with authenticity and passion. I read it as ?Frank Mort?s London 1953-63?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The way I have attended to )] TJ ET BT 167.312 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Capital Affairs)] TJ ET BT 239.000 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has been influenced by my recent reading of Sarah Bakewell?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography of 16th-century essayist and humanist, Michel Eyquem de Montaigne. She entitles it, )] TJ ET BT 497.312 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(How to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Live: A Life of Montaigne in One Question and Twenty Attempts at an Answer)] TJ ET BT 409.676 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 412.676 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 412.676 654.771 m 432.668 654.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 432.668 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Montaigne?s words form )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of the context in which I read human science at present and compose my own. It is appropriate, then, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it is with words from Montaigne?s )] TJ ET BT 223.676 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essays)] TJ ET BT 256.340 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? history, ethnography, memoir, biography in one ? that I end:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I do not speak the minds of others except to speak my own mind better. ? I set forth a humble )] TJ ET BT 64.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and inglorious life; that does not matter. You can tie up all moral philosophy with a common )] TJ ET BT 64.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and private life just as well as with a life of richer stuff. Every man bears the whole stamp of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human condition.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 148.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 148.016 545.235 m 168.008 545.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A definition of the ?cosmopolitan? might be the recognition that the individual human being is at once the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(universal human being. It finds men and women to be precisely ?at the centre of things? because in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual speaks the human. An individual?s personal history ? of London 1953-63, say ? is not ?merely? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual, then, but also a version of the human ? and hence the most we can aspire to.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.707 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 400.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 400.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frank Mort, )] TJ ET BT 125.012 400.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cultures of Consumption: Commerce, Masculinities and Social Space in Late Twentieth-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 385.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Century Britain)] TJ ET BT 139.688 385.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1996\); )] TJ ET BT 224.348 385.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-Moral Politics in England since 1830)] TJ ET BT 64.016 371.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 371.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 370.179 m 196.328 370.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 357.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 357.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. P. Cohen, 'Personal nationalism: a Scottish view of some rites, rights and wrongs', )] TJ ET BT 475.988 357.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American )] TJ ET BT 64.016 343.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ethnologist)] TJ ET BT 119.360 343.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 23\(4\), 802?15, 803?4.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 231.008 343.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 231.008 341.667 m 284.996 341.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 328.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 328.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ibid, 802.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 109.688 328.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 109.688 327.411 m 163.676 327.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 314.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 314.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ibid, 806.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 109.688 314.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 109.688 313.155 m 163.676 313.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 300.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 300.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ibid, 803.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 109.688 300.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 109.688 298.899 m 163.676 298.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 286.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 286.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(E. Gellner, ?Concepts and society?, in )] TJ ET BT 250.316 286.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rationality)] TJ ET BT 303.656 286.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. B. Wilson \(Oxford, 1970\), pp. 18?49, p. 33.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 271.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 270.387 m 118.004 270.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 257.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 257.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ludwig Wittgenstein, )] TJ ET BT 171.680 257.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Culture and Value )] TJ ET BT 263.348 257.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chicago, 1980\), p. 62e.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 379.664 257.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 379.664 256.131 m 433.652 256.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 243.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 243.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nigel Rapport, ?Context as an act of personal externalization: Gregory Bateson and the Harvey Family )] TJ ET BT 64.016 229.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the English Village of Wanet?, in )] TJ ET BT 239.996 229.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Problem of Context)] TJ ET BT 354.992 229.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. R. Dilley, \(Oxford, 1999\), pp. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 214.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(187?211.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 108.344 214.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 108.344 213.363 m 162.332 213.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 200.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 200.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. M. MacIver, ?Historical explanation?, in )] TJ ET BT 277.304 200.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Logic and Language)] TJ ET BT 376.640 200.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. A. Flew \(2nd series, Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 186.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1961\), pp. 187-202, pp. 188?9.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 212.336 186.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 212.336 184.851 m 266.324 184.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 171.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 171.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. Bakewell, )] TJ ET BT 128.012 171.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(How to Live: A Life of Montaigne in One Question and Twenty Attempts at an Answer)] TJ ET BT 64.016 157.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 157.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 156.339 m 202.328 156.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 143.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 143.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. Montaigne, )] TJ ET BT 138.680 143.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Complete Essays of Montaigne)] TJ ET BT 308.672 143.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, trans. D. Frame \(Stanford, 1958\), pp. 108, 611.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 129.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 127.827 m 124.004 127.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 102.965 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sehrpunkte)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 74.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.sehepunkte.de/2010/09/17517.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 73.059 m 261.020 73.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 264.020 74.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 60.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(BBC History)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 45.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.bbchistorymagazine.com/book-review/capital-affairs-london-and-making-permissive-society)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 44.547 m 538.592 44.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 541.592 45.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET endstream endobj 47 0 obj [45 0 R /Fit] endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I 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