%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 26 0 R 43 0 R 51 0 R 55 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150325021846+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150325021846+00'00') /Title (Mass Observation Online) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5223 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Mass Observation Online)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The formation of Mass Observation )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 208.988 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 208.988 343.209 m 222.980 343.209 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 222.980 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, conceived as a programme for the scientific study of human social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behaviour in Britain or, in other words, as an ?anthropology of ourselves?, was publicly announced in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(letter printed in the )] TJ ET BT 128.672 316.091 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Statesman)] TJ ET BT 202.340 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of 30 January 1937 and signed by Tom Harrisson \(1911?76\), Humphrey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jennings \(1907?50\) and Charles Madge \(1912?96\). Harrisson, a schoolboy ornithologist who had turned into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an anthropologist during the course of four international scientific expeditions, was enjoying fame as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author of )] TJ ET BT 80.672 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Savage Civilisation)] TJ ET BT 174.344 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1937\), a polemical account of his experiences with ?cannibals? in the New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hebrides \(now Vanuatu\), which came out as a Left Book Club edition. Jennings was a documentary film-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maker, painter, set-designer and surrealist, who had sat alongside his friend Andr Breton on the organising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(committee for the International Surrealist Exhibition held in London the previous summer. Madge, besides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being a reporter for the )] TJ ET BT 147.644 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Daily Mirror)] TJ ET BT 210.644 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(a position obtained for him by T. S. Eliot\), was a communist, a poet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and a regular contributor to the influential journals )] TJ ET BT 279.980 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Left Review )] TJ ET BT 339.308 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 359.636 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Verse)] TJ ET BT 411.296 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Despite, or perhaps because )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of, the esoteric and heterogeneous interests of this trio of founders, Mass-Obsession has endured to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present after passing through a number of incarnations including collecting ?home intelligence? for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ministry of Information during the early 1940s, working as a commercial market-research company during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1950s and 1960s, becoming an archive at the University of Sussex in the 1970s and being relaunched in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1980s as what has become a longitudinal life-writing project. While the data collected during this latter, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ongoing phase is increasingly becoming of interest to contemporary scholars, it is the earlier material from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1930s and 1940s that has become established as an indispensable primary resource for social historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This material was collected as the result of a two-pronged strategy by Mass Observation, which initially saw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(969)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 October, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jonathan Mansfield)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adam Matthew Digital)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.massobs.org.uk/accessing_material_online.htm)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marlborough)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nick Hubble)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 208.9877 343.5235 222.9797 355.4035 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R 21 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 9046 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harrisson head up a project to investigate the everyday lives of the industrial working class in Bolton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(?Worktown?\), while Madge and Jennings organised a National Panel of volunteers from London. In Bolton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Blackpool, where the Worktowners went on holiday, teams of observers recorded every aspect of life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the contents of sweetshop windows to the behaviour of courting couples. The National Panel initially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invited volunteers from around the country ? recruited through the pages of publications ranging from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Daily Mirror )] TJ ET BT 100.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to )] TJ ET BT 112.352 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Left Review )] TJ ET BT 171.680 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? to keep day diaries of the 12th of each month as well as to answer ?directives? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instructing them to describe aspects of their lives ranging from their smoking and reading habits to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contents of their mantelpieces. After the first year, the day-diaries gave way to more structured directives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(covering a number of different areas of enquiry for each month. However, at the outbreak of the War, Mass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Observation asked its panellists to begin keeping day-to-day personal diaries for them and, although many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(started and gave up after relatively short periods of time, there are about a hundred diarists who kept going )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for at least several years and one or two, such as the celebrated Nella Last, who even continued up until the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mid 1960s. Aside from these diaries and directives, Mass Observation also investigated and filed material in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(85 topic collections ranging from ?Housing? to ?Drinking habits?. More than 3000 file reports, some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which are book length, were compiled from all of this data by Mass Observation staff. Virtually none of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material has gone missing ? Last?s diary entries for 1944 being one of the few notable losses ? and it can all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be found in the archive.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How much of this material is available on )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 237.992 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mass Observation Online)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 237.992 540.897 m 361.316 540.897 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 364.316 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 378.308 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? All of the day surveys, all of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directive replies and diaries until the end of 1942, 13 of the topic collections, all of the file reports and also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the full text of the 25 books and other publications produced by Mass-Observation including )] TJ ET BT 481.304 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(May the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Twelfth )] TJ ET BT 73.028 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1937\), )] TJ ET BT 111.020 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain by Mass-Observation)] TJ ET BT 251.012 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1939\), )] TJ ET BT 292.004 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(War Begins at Home)] TJ ET BT 392.324 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1940\), )] TJ ET BT 433.316 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Pub and the People)] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1943\), )] TJ ET BT 72.008 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain Revisited)] TJ ET BT 153.008 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1961\), as well as all issues of )] TJ ET BT 303.320 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(US: Mass-Observation?s Weekly Intelligence Service)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the weekly newsletter which ran from February to May 1940. In other words, there is a huge quantity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invaluable material, most of which is fully searchable. However, not only does this online resource make the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contents of this unique archive available globally to subscribing institutions, it also facilitates a major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ongoing shift in the way that Mass Observation is being used by scholars. This is the increasing importance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that is being attached to the diaries because, as Robert Malcolmson argues in ?Diaries for Mass Observation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1939?40?, one of a number of specially commissioned essays for )] TJ ET BT 349.628 399.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mass Observation Online)] TJ ET BT 472.952 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, they necessarily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disrupt and complicate any attempt to generalise on the everyday experience of the ?home front? during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Second World War.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Initially, the focused file reports, with their indexed titles, were the first ports of call for the historian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researching various period topics and, of all the material, it was the diaries which were the most underused. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, over the last 15 to 20 years there has been a huge growth in the academic study of Life Writing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corresponding to a rise in the public interest for biographies and autobiographies; especially historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts by ?ordinary? people. Mass Observation itself is directly linked to both of these trends: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development from the early 1990s of the Sussex MA programme in Life History Research, which included )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modules focusing on the archival material, did much to legitimate such areas of study and the publication of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edited Mass-Observation diaries and anthologies has both contributed to and benefited from a popular boom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in wartime nostalgia.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 135.008 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 135.008 229.347 m 149.000 229.347 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 149.000 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) The most famous of these diaries is )] TJ ET BT 328.976 230.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nella Last?s War)] TJ ET BT 412.988 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which was first published in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1981, but gained national recognition following its adaptation for television in 2006 as )] TJ ET BT 452.660 216.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Housewife, 49)] TJ ET BT 521.324 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victoria Wood, who also won a BAFTA for her performance in the lead role. The problem that has always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existed for the researcher wanting to read an individual diary, such as Last?s, at the Mass Observation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Archive is that the various monthly instalments are each filed with all the other diary instalments Mass-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Observation received for that month, so that one cannot simply ask the archivist for a particular diary but has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to work in succession through what are, in effect, a series of 12 different boxed collections for each year of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the diary. The great advantage of )] TJ ET BT 195.632 130.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mass Observation Online )] TJ ET BT 321.956 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is that the researcher can now read any diary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straight through simply by clicking on from one monthly instalment to the next. Well, it?s not quite that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simple because it is necessary to download each set of entries as a PDF file, but these can be saved or printed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and therefore studied offline as well. The problem that remains, of course, with many of the diaries, such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Last?s \(diarist 5353\), is that of deciphering the handwriting, but even here the zoom options provide benefits )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the traditional archival setting. Among the few diaries that are typed is that of the novelist Naomi )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 237.9917 553.5223 237.9917 553.5223 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.massobs.org.uk/accessing_material_online.htm) >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 237.9917 541.0375 361.3157 552.9175 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.massobs.org.uk/accessing_material_online.htm) >> endobj 23 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 135.0077 229.6615 148.9997 241.5415 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 38 0 R 41 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 7167 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mitchison \(diarist 5378\), which has also been published in an edited edition.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 400.988 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 400.988 795.075 m 414.980 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A useful tool on )] TJ ET BT 114.680 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mass Observation Online)] TJ ET BT 238.004 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the interactive map which allows researchers to find the diarists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(located in a particular region. For example, there were five Mass Observation diarists based in Norfolk. Two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of these \(diarists 5323 and 5324\) were the sisters running a garage in Snettisham with their widowed mother, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who are given the names Jenny and Muriel Green in Dorothy Sheridan?s anthology )] TJ ET BT 437.612 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wartime Women)] TJ ET BT 517.928 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 520.928 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 520.928 726.051 m 534.920 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Muriel?s diary, which Sheridan quotes from 1939 and 1940, is particularly engaging and many who have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read the published excerpts will want to read more.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 279.632 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 279.632 697.539 m 293.624 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 293.624 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This highlights what is always a problem with Mass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Observation: the tendency of the material to draw us in as though we were the readers of a novel rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic researchers. Fortunately, in his recent book on the Mass Observation diaries, )] TJ ET BT 452.924 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nine Wartime Lives)] TJ ET BT 548.252 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Hinton has produced a compelling argument that allows us to have our cake and eat it. He makes the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point that these diaries are unique: ?Mass-Observation offered a discipline and a context which transcended )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the purely private, meeting a need to frame individual quests in relation to larger public purposes?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 507.608 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 507.608 626.259 m 521.600 626.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 521.600 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diaries, Hinton suggests, ?take us as close as a historian can hope to get to observe selfhood under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construction? and, in particular, reveal to us the everyday unfolding of what, following the work of Charles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Taylor, he takes as the central process of modernity: the radical disembedding of individual subjectivity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from received sources of meaning.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 200.300 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 200.300 569.235 m 214.292 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus if we return to the example of ?Muriel Green?, who is not one of the diarists Hinton analyses, we see a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(young woman of 18 at the outbreak of the War writing about everyday activities in the village she lives in, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which would all be perfectly ordinary apart from her strong understanding that she was part of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extraordinary collective practice that everyone ought to have heard of:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Afternoon ? Jenny and I went to Lynn ? We went to W.H. Smith?s and son?s best and biggest )] TJ ET BT 64.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bookshop in Lynn, to buy a Penguin book and asked if they had )] TJ ET BT 373.328 449.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(War Begins at Home )] TJ ET BT 476.648 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just to see )] TJ ET BT 64.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if they had. I did not expect they had as I had never seen it there, and if the girl had produced it I )] TJ ET BT 64.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was preparing to say it was too expensive. Anyway she had not got it. Nor )] TJ ET BT 423.632 420.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain)] TJ ET BT 457.640 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. I felt insulted )] TJ ET BT 64.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and offended with the shop. She did not even seem to have heard of them either which was all )] TJ ET BT 64.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the more annoying ?)] TJ ET BT 64.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 64.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Before we caught the bus home we went in the town library to ask if they had got ?our? book. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(We always call it ?ours?, hope MO doesn?t mind, but you see we?ve never had anything we?ve )] TJ ET BT 64.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(written in print before and claiming 14 lines and J. 25 lines we feel a proprietary interest in the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication, and that everybody ought to sell and read it.\) Were delighted to see that the paper )] TJ ET BT 64.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cover was pinned up inside the main entrance with other new books they had bought this month )] TJ ET BT 64.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the library \(19 April 1940\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This sense of belonging to Mass Observation repeatedly occurs in her diary culminating in her account of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 215.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impulsive trip to the organisation?s London office, when she meets Tom Harrisson at the door. Harrisson, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 201.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(despite being too busy to stop and talk for more than a few moments, comes across as polite and friendly:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 163.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I then came away and for the next half-hour could do nothing but laugh to myself about it. I )] TJ ET BT 64.016 148.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wondered what TH really thought and how he probably was cursing inwardly all the time he )] TJ ET BT 64.016 134.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was being nice and polite. I expect he was terribly annoyed but I was triumphant that I had )] TJ ET BT 64.016 120.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actually been and not quite got kicked out. He also had thanked me so much for doing the MO )] TJ ET BT 64.016 106.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directives, etc. I thought him very charming and did not mind at all being got rid of, as I )] TJ ET BT 64.016 91.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expected it. I was very glad I went, however he and the MO in general would be about it \(10 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 77.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(May 1941\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 400.9877 795.3895 414.9797 807.2695 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 520.9277 726.3655 534.9197 738.2455 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 279.6317 697.8535 293.6237 709.7335 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 507.6077 626.5735 521.5997 638.4535 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 200.2997 569.5495 214.2917 581.4295 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 46 0 R 49 0 R ] /Contents 44 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Length 6390 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The diarist?s ability to provide not only her own unspoken thoughts but also those of Harrisson as well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generates an equivalence between the two that is amplified by the fact that the description of the encounter is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then fed back to Mass Observation and Harrisson by being submitted as part of her monthly instalment. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potentially endless reflexivity of this process captures the logic of Mass Observation that if everyone were a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mass Observer than the observation of another would always be in some way an observation of oneself and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so, therefore, the divisive boundaries between people ? between classes, between genders ? would dissolve. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is this inherent logic that makes a Mass Observation diary, at least potentially, collectively self-reflexive in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a way that exceeds the self-reflexivity of a normal diary.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This self-reflexivity beyond self-reflexivity affects the way that we need to read these diaries. Muriel, on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brief trip home from her war job as a gardener in the South West, realises that she can never go back to her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life as a garage girl amidst the vibrant pre-war modernity, which George Orwell described as ?a rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restless, cultureless life, centring round tinned food, )] TJ ET BT 285.980 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Picture Post)] TJ ET BT 345.644 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the radio and the internal combustion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engine?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 74.336 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 74.336 600.003 m 88.328 600.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 88.328 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( She does not just recognise the loss entailed in growing up or that caused by the war but both of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those things combined with a implicit recognition that the self-reflective act of writing a diary as part of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective enterprise is irrevocably distancing her from her younger less reflective self:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are very few cars on the road and absolutely none pulling in the garage sweep. This life )] TJ ET BT 64.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would soon get on my nerves if I was at home again while the war is on. There seems no one )] TJ ET BT 64.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about at all \(15 June 1942\).)] TJ ET BT 64.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 64.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(My last day?s leave. Tonight I cried bitterly. I had not cried for ages. It was not about going )] TJ ET BT 64.016 439.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(back ? I cried because of the war. It has altered our life which can never be the same. To see the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(desolate emptiness of the seaside upsets me. When you are away and Mother writes to say the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latest desecration, the latest boy missing, the latest family to sacrifice, it is just words. But in the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(home it is mortifying. Life will never be so sweet as before the war and the last two summers )] TJ ET BT 64.016 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and early ?39 were the most perfect years of my life when all seemed young and gay \(16 June )] TJ ET BT 64.016 368.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1942\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 329.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What such painful self-recognition highlights is how fundamentally the process of disembedding oneself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 315.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the past in order to move into the future is part of everyday life. It was the particular form of self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflexivity generated by the practice of writing about themselves for Mass Observation that allowed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diarists to realise that they were agents of history, which is to say that they became aware of themselves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 272.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making history through the process of going about their everyday lives, and thereby gave them the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 258.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confidence to pronounce on public matters with an authority they would not otherwise have had in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hierarchical society. This authority and sense of agency can be seen in Muriel Green?s reflections on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1945 General Election:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 191.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I feel that at last the working classes of this country have begun to think for themselves and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 177.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wake up. They have not been fooled by the bogey of voting ?National? or by Churchill?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 163.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(smiling face. They do not want to get back to 1939. The conscription and shortages have taught )] TJ ET BT 64.016 148.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them democracy and that all men are really equal. I feel confident that a better world is going to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 134.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be the result of this election and that the future in spite of so many difficulties is bright. Now is )] TJ ET BT 64.016 120.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the chance of the Labour Party to show the world what they can do and what can be done. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 106.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Churchill is an old man and as a war leader against Japan not irreplaceable. It is for the young )] TJ ET BT 64.016 91.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people of this country to support the new government to success \(31 July 1945\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 448.640 91.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 448.640 90.579 m 462.632 90.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 53.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What this brief overview of one diary is intended to illustrate is that Mass Observation material should never )] TJ ET endstream endobj 45 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 74.3357 600.3175 88.3277 612.1975 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 48 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 448.6397 90.8935 462.6317 102.7735 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 53 0 R ] /Contents 52 0 R >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Length 7564 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just be viewed as a source of illustrative quotes concerning various aspects of the wartime experience but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needs to be read according to the logic of Mass Observation. To this end, )] TJ ET BT 387.956 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mass Observation Online)] TJ ET BT 511.280 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(includes a selection of past papers and, as mentioned above, specially commissioned essays that provide new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars encountering this material for the first time with a comprehensive and heterogeneous critical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of the many contexts that need to be kept in mind while they search through this rich and varied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection of data. It is particularly heartening to see Tom Jeffery?s ?A Short History of Mass Observation? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here, which was first published as an Occasional Paper by the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1978. Of the new essays, Jennie Taylor?s ?Sex, Snobs and Swing: A Case Study of Mass Observation as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Source for Social History? provides an excellent and accessible account of the repeated attempts to map the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual dynamics of Worktown dancehalls, while Lesley Whitworth?s ?Getting Beneath the Surface of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Things: Mass Observation and Material Culture? provides a refreshing account of the organisation?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trajectory that highlights the continuity between the original phase and the commercial market research of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1950s and 1960s. ?The Mass Observation Archive: A History? written by the current Director of Mass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Observation, Dorothy Sheridan, who has worked there since 1974, provides a concise and useful account of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the provenance of the archive. However, perhaps the most essential essay for those seeking to get to grips )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the logic of Mass Observation is Ben Highmore?s ?Everyday Life and the Birth of Mass Observation? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which outlines the context and ideas underlying its original formation. His final paragraph offers a salutary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(warning to potential users of )] TJ ET BT 174.332 554.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mass Observation Online)] TJ ET BT 297.656 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(An archive is open. Dip in to it at will. Discover the dreams and nightmares of generations )] TJ ET BT 64.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(living through momentous historical circumstances. Find the way that necessity and aspiration )] TJ ET BT 64.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are threaded through the activities of social life. But take care too. Pay heed to the fabric of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memory, to the moment of memorial. These documents were not collected primarily, to furnish )] TJ ET BT 64.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material for the social and cultural historians of the future. They are explosive documents, or at )] TJ ET BT 64.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least they are meant to be. Treat them with the respect they deserve. They are meant to be )] TJ ET BT 64.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detonated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What is particularly explosive about Mass Observation is the link it highlights between its collective form of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self-reflexivity and social agency. In many ways, the internet provides the ideal location to reveal such links )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because it allows the kind of searches and analyses that Harrisson, Jennings and Madge could only dream )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about when they expressed the desire to produce weather maps of the unconscious. We can now view any of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the panel contributions, whether it is a directive reply or a diary instalment, more or less simultaneously as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of a single ongoing body of work by the participant or as part of a collective set of responses. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apparent blurring of vision resulting from those simultaneous perspectives is indicative of the difference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Mass Observation and other ways of seeing. It is the task of the researcher to resolve this form of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observation into focus. To this end, despite some glitches and minor editorial errors such as not all entries in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the bibliography being in alphabetical order, )] TJ ET BT 250.316 263.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mass Observation Online )] TJ ET BT 376.640 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a superb resource and its value can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only increase as further materials, and the remaining years of the wartime diaries in particular, are digitalised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and added.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 200.355 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 169.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This first use of Mass Observation was without a hyphen but afterwards it was written Mass-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Observation up until 2006, when the hyphen was dropped again. )] TJ ET BT 376.640 155.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mass Observation Online )] TJ ET BT 502.964 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been )] TJ ET BT 64.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edited according to the new usage.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 229.976 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 229.976 139.827 m 283.964 139.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 126.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Recent examples of the publication of individual Mass Observation diaries include: )] TJ ET BT 467.636 126.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wartime Norfolk: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 112.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Diary of Rachel Dhonau 1941-1942)] TJ ET BT 258.332 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Robert Malcolmson)] TJ ET BT 380.324 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Peter Searby \(Norwich, 2004\); )] TJ ET BT 64.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Olivia Cockett, )] TJ ET BT 140.348 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Love and War in London: A Woman?s Diary 1939?42)] TJ ET BT 401.000 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Robert Malcolmson )] TJ ET BT 64.016 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Stroud, 2008\); )] TJ ET BT 140.348 84.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nella Last?s Peace)] TJ ET BT 233.012 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Patricia and Robert Malcolmson \(London, 2008\); )] TJ ET BT 64.016 69.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Soldier in Bedfordshire, 1941?1942: The Diary of Private Denis Argent, Royal Engineers)] TJ ET BT 505.988 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Patricia and Robert Malcolmson \(Bedford, 2009\). Popular anthologies include Simon Garfield?s )] TJ ET endstream endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 54 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 229.9757 140.1415 283.9637 152.0215 ] >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R 69 0 R 71 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R ] /Contents 56 0 R >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Length 5076 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edited trilogy: )] TJ ET BT 134.684 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Our Hidden Lives: The Everyday Diaries of a Forgotten Britain 1945?1948)] TJ ET BT 499.328 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004\); )] TJ ET BT 98.348 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(We are at War: The Remarkable Diaries of Five Ordinary People in Extraordinary Times)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2005\); and)] TJ ET BT 163.004 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Private Battles: How the War Almost Defeated Us)] TJ ET BT 407.648 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 488.972 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 488.972 766.563 m 542.960 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 753.706 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Naomi Mitchison, )] TJ ET BT 154.352 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Among You Taking Notes: The Wartime Diary of Naomi Mitchison 1939?1945)] TJ ET BT 532.352 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dorothy Sheridan \(London, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 230.996 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 230.996 738.051 m 284.984 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 725.194 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wartime Women: A Mass-Observation Anthology)] TJ ET BT 302.648 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Dorothy Sheridan \([1990], London, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 530.948 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 530.948 723.795 m 558.608 723.795 l S BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 709.539 m 90.344 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 696.682 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Further extracts from Muriel Green?s diary, including from the later years of the war, are published in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Our Longest Days: A People?s History of the Second World War by the Writers of Mass-Observation)] TJ ET BT 551.636 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. Sandra Koa Wing \(London, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 248.648 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 248.648 666.771 m 302.636 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 653.914 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Hinton, )] TJ ET BT 135.680 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nine Wartime Lives: Mass-Observation and the Making of the Modern Self )] TJ ET BT 499.976 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010\), p. 6.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 119.012 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 119.012 638.259 m 173.000 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 625.402 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ibid., pp. 4, 7.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 131.348 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 131.348 624.003 m 185.336 624.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 611.146 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(George Orwell, )] TJ ET BT 141.656 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Lion and the Unicorn )] TJ ET BT 269.324 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\([1941], London, 1982\), p. 69.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 415.640 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 415.640 609.747 m 469.628 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 596.890 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Because the diaries on )] TJ ET BT 174.656 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mass Observation Online )] TJ ET BT 300.980 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only currently go up to the end of 1942, I have )] TJ ET BT 64.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quoted this passage from Wing, )] TJ ET BT 219.332 582.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Our Longest Days)] TJ ET BT 307.328 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, p. 262.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 346.328 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 346.328 581.235 m 400.316 581.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 537.391 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 519.611 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 519.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/969)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 518.217 m 322.316 518.217 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 493.240 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 478.840 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5020)] TJ ET BT 34.016 464.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.massobs.org.uk/accessing_material_online.htm)] TJ ET BT 34.016 450.040 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 58 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 488.9717 766.8775 542.9597 778.7575 ] >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 60 0 R 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