%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818085613+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818085613+01'00') /Title (Italian Fascism. History, Memory and Representation) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4488 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Italian Fascism. History, Memory and Representation)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is to the credit of the editors that there are no dud contributions in this volume of essays. They hang )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together well, considering how varied in quality and miscellaneous in content these arranged collections or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published proceedings of conferences, often are. There is often a sense of )] TJ ET BT 389.240 301.835 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(deja vu)] TJ ET BT 424.232 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, since some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions recycle and rework, if not rehash, material and arguments which have been published in other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articles and books. The theme of the book is the study of how Italians...have remembered the Fascist past, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integrated their memory into a changing present, and somehow thus sought to illuminate a path to the future. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It takes in various forms of historical memory and representation, for some time now the fashionable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vehicles of social history, from the private recollections in oral testimony of peasants, women and emigrant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(workers, to the official commemoration of past events in public monuments, and film and TV.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book provides a telling commentary on the uses, or abuses, of history, and in this sense, adds to Richard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bosworths impressive range of historiographical works, which are always interesting, lively and combative. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What underlies the volume and drives it on, is the belief that Italians have not yet honestly come to terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the Fascist and wartime past, and the book is pessimistic that they will ever do so, or be allowed to do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the first place, various contributions in the book show that there was far from being an alleged Marxist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hegemony over Italian culture in the post-war years, an assumption which is absurdly out of line with a post-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war Italy dominated politically from the right of centre by the Christian Democrat party and culturally by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular consumerist culture adapted from the USA. Leftist culture had a short-lived airing in the mid-1960s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the mid-1970s, and was never dominant even in this period. An establishment left wing, anti-Fascist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(97)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 February, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Bosworth)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Patrizia Dogliani)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(253pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philip Morgan)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7724 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical perspective on the Fascist era and the war, was no more than an Aunt Sally to be set up and shot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down in the 1970s and 1980s by the anti-anti-Fascist historians around Renzo De Felice, the author of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ponderous multi-volume biography of Mussolini, still thankfully seeking an English translation. It is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative historical reading of Italys difficult recent past, continued and refashioned by De Felices school )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of value-free, objective history, which is the target of the book. Bosworth, here as in his other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical studies, hankers for history with a moral sensibility written in, rather than written out.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the second place, and this emerges from Crainzs article on TV programming of documentaries on Fascism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the war, as well as Doglianis study of public memorials, the historical recall of the countrys Fascist past )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has now entered a post-Fascist phase, matching the recent changes in Italys political landscape, where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history becomes entertainment, a commercialised and packaged heritage past, a painless nostalgia for how it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once was, which is bound to convey a sanitized and conflict-free version of that past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What comes out of the book is the extent to which Italians remembered their Fascist and wartime past by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forgetting it. David Ward reads Carlo Levis novel, )] TJ ET BT 279.308 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lorologio)] TJ ET BT 327.320 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as an expression of the failure of what was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quintessential anti-Fascist Resistance movement, the Action party, to reshape post-war Italy on the basis of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Resistance experience and a complete break with all of Italys pre-and post-1922 past. This defeat also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buried the Actionists historical interpretation of Fascism as a revelation of Italys past, rather than an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unwelcome and unexpected parenthesis in the countrys development, the Crocean view which prevailed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Patrizia Dogliani contrasts the very focused way in which the Fascist regime fascistised the public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memorials to war, so as to identify Fascism with the nation, with the tentativeness of the post-war Italian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(states memorialization of the Resistance and the second world war. Glenda Slugas article on the public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monuments and memorials in the contested north eastern border regions of Venezia Giulia highlights the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exception to this rule. Here, public remembrance was intended to secure these areas for the nation by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawing on anti-slav nationalism and anti-communism, and the official remembering of crimes against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italians by anti-Fascist communist and slav resisters again buried the realities of political and national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflicts in the region during the Fascist and wartime periods. Incidentally, Glenda Sluga refers on two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(separate occasions to the collapse of the Italian )] TJ ET BT 262.628 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fascist)] TJ ET BT 297.296 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( government in September 1943, which is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting view of Badoglios administration! Ruth Ben-Ghiats study of the neo-realist films of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediate post-war period, and Richard Bosworths of Bertoluccis political films of the 1960s and 1970s, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reveal that only some aspects of the wartime Resistance were conveyed in film, and a Marxist viewpoint was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not prevalent. The neo-realist film makers, who, of course, made their careers under Fascism, contributed to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the creation of the post-war myth of the Resistance as a national crusade against foreign occupation, and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portraying ordinary Italians as acting out of character during the war because of the baleful influence of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German occupier and their abnormal drug-abusing, sexually deviant Italian collaborators, diverted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibility for the horrors of Fascism and war to forces external to normal Italian society.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some of the other studies, which deal with popular memories and recollection in different contexts \(peasant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities, Italian workers in Nazi Germany, women in Resistance and Fascist and Fascist Republican )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organizations, Greeks living through the Italian occupation of their islands\), suggest an ambiguous mix of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences and behaviour which do not fit the conventionally polarised categories of collaboration and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resistance, confirming the results of the pioneering work done with oral testimonies by Luisa Passerini. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roger Absalom finds that peasants both sheltered and betrayed escaping Allied POWs and Italians evading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the military and labour drafts of the Nazi occupier and the Fascist Salo Republic, actions which were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(probably motivated by a basic peasant survival strategy rather than by political or ideological choices. Some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Nicholas Doumanis Greek interviewees remember the Italian occupation of the Dodecanese as benign, at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least until De Vecchis more overtly italianising governorship after 1936, though it is clear that these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memories have as much to do with their perception of the islands post-war reintegration with Greece and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(current way of life, as with Fascist rule. These case-studies on popular memory show up the intrinsic appeal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and difficulty of using oral accounts as historical sources, which often cannot support the weight of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions made from them. But in throwing a light on the nuances and sheer untidiness of human )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responses to big events, where people were both participants and observers, such studies make their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to destroying the equally pervasive and reassuring myth of post-war Italian culture, that the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 5354 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italians, despite everything \(Fascism, war, occupation, civil war, which were perceived post-war as things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which happened to Italy, like the plague\), remained )] TJ ET BT 283.964 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(brava gente)] TJ ET BT 340.952 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or decent people. To do this is definitely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something, even if it sits rather uneasily with Richard Bosworths own lyrical homage to the idea of )] TJ ET BT 512.636 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(italiani, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(brava gente)] TJ ET BT 91.004 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which concludes a previous historiographical exploration of Italian identities, )] TJ ET BT 471.620 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Italy and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wider World, 1860-1960)] TJ ET BT 154.340 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It strikes me that his work and that of his fellow authors here, is best incorporated with, rather than opposed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to, at least some of the work of De Felices anti-anti-Fascist school. It was hardly reassuring for the Italians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self-image to have a major historian arguing that Mussolinis regime rested on a broader basis of consent than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that suggested by the common post-war presumption of the country being forcibly occupied by Fascism, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the Fascist Salo Republic could put out roughly the same number of fighters as the Resistance did in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1944, while the )] TJ ET BT 111.344 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(attentiste )] TJ ET BT 158.348 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bulk of the population tried to find ways of surviving the conflict. Both sides, even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with different perspectives and motivations, are helping to produce more nuanced, less predictable, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understandings of what it was like to live with Fascism and war, and in that sense, are helping Italians to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take stock of an unpalatable recent past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is, perhaps, too easy for a reviewer to find gaps in what, after all, is an interesting, challenging and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complete book. But it would have been even better with contributions on Fascist Italys African empire, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the way the 1945 liberation of Italy has been celebrated or marked in the post-war years, though I have a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feeling this may already have been done. Finally, and this is asking a lot, a more comparative approach or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awareness, especially in relation to the Vichy syndrome in France and the )] TJ ET BT 390.944 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historikerstreit)] TJ ET BT 464.948 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in Germany, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have been illuminating, and would have helped the reader to assess the significance and distictiveness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(or not\) of what was happening in Italy. To take a small, banal example: Patrizia Dogliani makes the point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it was usual to add the names of second world dead to existing war memorials. But this was also done in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the UK, where there arguably none of the sensitivities involved in commemorating the dead of a divided )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation in a Fascist war The comparative or, at least, cross-national approach has been tried, with a particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus on novels and film output, in G. Bartram, M. Slawinski, D. Steel \(eds.\) )] TJ ET BT 406.328 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reconstructing the Past. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Representations of the Fascist Era in Post-war European Culture )] TJ ET BT 352.352 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Keele: Keele University Press, 1996\). But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the quality of the contributions is more patchy than those contained in this volume.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Due to outstanding work commitments the author has not yet been able to respond to this review.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 330.319 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 312.539 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 312.539 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/97)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 311.145 m 316.316 311.145 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 286.168 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.768 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/657)] TJ ET BT 34.016 257.368 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 311.4595 316.3157 323.3395 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/97) >> endobj xref 0 20 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000547 00000 n 0000000629 00000 n 0000005169 00000 n 0000005278 00000 n 0000005388 00000 n 0000005497 00000 n 0000009058 00000 n 0000009186 00000 n 0000009270 00000 n 0000009335 00000 n 0000017112 00000 n 0000017196 00000 n 0000022603 00000 n 0000022731 00000 n trailer << /Size 20 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 22825 %%EOF