%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141225060315+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141225060315+00'00') /Title (Printed Images in Early Modern Britain: Essays in Interpretation) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4711 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Printed Images in Early Modern Britain: Essays in Interpretation)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In recent years Ashgate Publishing has become one of the most dominant forces in the field of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies, and the recent appearance of the impressive volume edited by Michael Hunter of Birkbeck College )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entitled )] TJ ET BT 73.016 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Printed Images in Early Modern Britain: Essays in Interpretation)] TJ ET BT 389.000 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2010\))] TJ ET BT 426.992 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a case in point. This is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lengthy volume of 16 essays and an introduction, all lavishly illustrated with high quality reproductions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with contributors drawn primarily from the disciplines of art history, English literature, and history. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume should be well received across these, and other, disciplinary boundaries. The collection?s genesis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occurred as a result of two conferences in 2007 and 2008 at Birkbeck and the Victoria and Albert Museum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respectively, conferences brought to fruition with the support of the Arts and Humanities Research Council-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(funded project )] TJ ET BT 106.664 173.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Printed Images to 1700)] TJ ET BT 255.332 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the latter itself an indispensable resource for the study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early modern print culture. Despite its length and breadth, spanning the 16th?17th centuries and nudging into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early 1700s, )] TJ ET BT 113.336 145.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Printed Images in Early Modern Britain)] TJ ET BT 306.992 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a cohesive and stimulating collection, and it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes a significant intervention into the burgeoning field of published studies of the print culture of early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern Britain. Until quite recently the printed objects originating in England during the 16th and especially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 17th centuries were neglected in comparison with texts from the same era and, as Hunter is right to point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out in his introduction ?the object of this book is to help rectify this state of affairs by offering a conspectus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the kind of interpretive work that such images invite? \(p. 1\). Furthermore Hunter has been careful to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acknowledge that, regardless of the fact that many producers of printed visual objects working in England )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(978)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 October, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Hunter)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780754666547)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(372pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farnham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph Monteyne)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7699 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were foreigners, they were producing for a local market and so he has shaped the volume to reveal ?a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinctiveness to the British tradition? that ?helps justify its terms of reference, notwithstanding the broader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European context to which these artists also responded? \(p. 7\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The essays themselves represent a diverse range of approaches to printed images both high and low, ranging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from book frontispieces and illustrations to portrait engravings, mezzotints, political broadsides and ballads. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All the essays are meticulously researched and crafted, and they read exceptionally well. The structure of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contents seems logical, and Hunter has clearly given much thought to the organization of the book into a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series of theme related sections, from printed images related to religion and the Reformation, followed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the visual culture of science, the printed image?s engagement with political issues, and, lastly, a section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including essays dealing with aspects of market practice and consumerism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I feel it is worth addressing the essays in these sections briefly, since they represent a great diversity in both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methodological approach and subject matter. Margaret Aston?s, ?Symbols of conversion: proprieties of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(page in Reformation England? is an intriguing essay that tracks the appearance of the tetragrammaton into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Reformation print culture of 16th?17th-century Britain, and raises debates about the representation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(God in human form. Her discussion ranges across a number of intriguing visual examples from the reign of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII and concludes with an analysis of the 1641 frontispiece of John Foxe?s )] TJ ET BT 435.272 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Actes and Monuments)] TJ ET BT 541.256 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorporating as well a comparison to another more problematic textual symbol appearing in printed images )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at this time, the ?IHS? adopted by the Roman Catholic Society of Jesus. Although print culture seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primarily book culture in this essay, Aston concludes that in the Reformation debate about symbols and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figures ?it is plain that printed images made their own contribution to contemporary controversy? \(p. 38\). In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Censorship and self-censorship in late sixteenth-century book illustration? Richard Williams provides a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable study of restriction and editing. He smartly moves away from high profile and obvious cases of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suppression to suggest ways in which authors, printers, and publishers may have internalized the fear of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(censorship to the point that they self consciously sought out inventive ways of avoiding official sanction. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What is particularly strong about this selection is that it demonstrates how Protestant identities were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerging and changing in 16th-century England as a result of politics and anti-Catholicism, as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader forces of religious and social change, and how one can track this through a careful analysis of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(era?s print culture. Tara Hamling, in the next selection entitled ?Guides to godliness: from print to plaster?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focuses on the fascinating link between printed images in Protestant devotional literature and early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic decorative art. This study delineates suggestively how a desire to purify religious practice and ward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(off the evils of idolatry actually led English Protestants to create a new type of religious imagery instead of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abolishing it entirely. While it is common, as the author herself states, to search for and locate borrowings in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decorative art from printed sources, what is different about this essay is the way it moves beyond questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of working practice and method in order to embed this borrowing ?in relation to the ideology of the patron )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the belief systems of the intended audience? \(p. 71\). This is done, for example, by focusing on how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fashion for large plasterwork overmantels containing religious scenes, derived from printed images, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dovetailed with the function of religious practice within the home. Closing out the section on religion and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Reformation is Alexandra Walsham?s ??Like fragments of a shipwreck?: printed images and religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antiquarianism in early modern England?. Through a close reading of text and context Walsham does an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excellent job of reappraising the meaning of Dugdale?s use of images of religious structures and ruins. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay shows how the difficult balance between a desire to suppress the popery of the pre-Reformation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church in England and a growing interest in antiquarian research propelled the emergence of a specific type )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of pictorial imagery in printed form. The author rightly argues that images are active agents, working to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(erase the memory of defilement at the same time as they contribute to a process of rehabilitation desired by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglicans. Images attempt to pictorially repossess spaces at one time desecrated, and under perceived threat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(again at the hands of Puritan iconoclasts. I particularly appreciate Walsham?s attempts to demonstrate that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protestant efforts to eradicate idolatry ironically led to new forms of pictorial representation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Opening the subsequent section on printed images in science and cartography is Lori Anne Ferrell?s ?Page )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(techne)] TJ ET BT 65.336 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: interpreting diagrams in early modern English ?how-to? books?. This is also a strong essay that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explores the increasing presence of diagrams in printed books of the 16th?17th centuries, and how such )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8009 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(graphics gave a certain look to printed forms ? as the author states, ?orderly, verifiable, demonstrable? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(114\). This material has been much overlooked by historians of the visual culture of this period. The essay?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strengths are that it reveals how practitioners of early modern science in Britain were as suspicious of images )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as religious reformers were, and how printed images could be culled from books and take on an independent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life of their own. As Ferrell implies, knowledge production began, but did not end, with book learning. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latter is particularly suggestive since the author smartly connects prints to social practice, for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ferrell argues that diagrams in how-to books generated ?the palpable pleasures of kinetic manipulation?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remaking ?pages of books into agents of instrumentation? \(p. 116\). The importance of Katherine Acheson?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to this volume ?Gesner, Topsell and the purposes of pictures in early modern natural histories?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is that through her focus on zoological images she works across the boundaries of popular and scientific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works, thereby questioning the veracity of animal illustrations and their use as components of new scientific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge. She tracks the migration of images from Conrad Gesner?s natural history )] TJ ET BT 446.948 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historiae animalium)] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1551?8\) to Edward Topsell?s moralizing work based in the medieval bestiary tradition, )] TJ ET BT 459.620 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Historie of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Foure-footed Beastes)] TJ ET BT 137.000 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1607\), and draws out the important point that ?illustration itself has a use-value, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(separate from the use-value of the thing that is illustrated? \(p. 135\). One such use, as she shows, is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(copying of images in other works of natural history and source books for the decorative arts. Even though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the images are not scientifically accurate they are ?evocative and iconic? \(p. 136\), that is, they provide a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(template for reproduction more than they complement or supplement the information in the books they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paired with. This reviewer especially appreciates how Acheson grapples with the differences between verbal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and visual representations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A welcome shift occurs in the text at this moment away from primarily printed images drawn from books )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(toward single sheet etchings and maps. Well crafted and carefully researched, Simon Turner?s ?Hollar?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prospects and maps of London? delineates how the Bohemian artist in 17th-century London produced a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety of images making clear the size and complexity of the city, providing ?a visual chronicle of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capital in the mid century? \(p. 146\). Turner reveals both the ambition and the magnitude of the projects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hollar chose to bring to fruition, and even some he aspired to produce but never could for lack of patronage. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is important to note, as the author does, that Hollar worked for ?virtually every significant publisher? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(157\) in the city who issued prints and maps, and that his records of different aspects of the old St. Paul?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cathedral are critically important historical documents, ?constituting the main record for the appearance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the now vanished building? \(p. 150\). Turner provides many fascinating details and facts, especially about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hollar?s interaction with John Ogilby and Robert Hooke, and ultimately situates the etcher and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draughtsman?s post-Great Fire production in the context of a transformation that witnessed traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pictorial maps becoming ?functional diagrams owing to increasingly accurate surveying techniques? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(162\). Closing out the second section of the book is quite likely the most adventurous and theoretically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenging selection of this volume. Matthew Hunter?s ?The theory of the impression according to Robert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hooke? ranges across the characters of Vincent Laurensz van der Linne, Robert Hooke, Alexander Browne, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and John Evelyn. He shows that theoretical and practical concerns about visual representation were central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the debates occurring in the Royal Society, and employs the suggestive analytical tools of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?syntactical? and ?semantic? problems of the impression. The former refers to the desire by experimentalists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that a printed image would contain the ?relevant, intended markings? whereas the latter relates to the wish of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(having an image bear a strong relation to its ?real-world targets? \(p. 170\). Hunter?s discussion of Robert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hooke is particularly invigorating in this essay, and he shows how the ?agency of print? was central to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hooke?s ?theory of the impression?, and how it shaped ?experimental vision and imagination? \(p. 177\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hooke thematized ?the liabilities of the impression as a condition inherent to print-making itself? \(p. 178\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third section of )] TJ ET BT 131.336 145.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Printed images in early modern Britain: essays in interpretation)] TJ ET BT 440.660 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is framed by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printed image?s engagement with political affairs and personages. The essay by Malcolm Jones, ?)] TJ ET BT 504.260 130.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common-weales canker wormes, or the locuts bth of church, and states:)] TJ ET BT 381.320 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( emblematic identities in a late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacobean print? is a fantastic read ? engagingly written, rigidly historical, and laced with a sense of humor. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The piece shows just how complex these early modern English prints can be, and how worthwhile it is to do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the painstaking work of taking them apart piece by piece. Jones reveals the multitudinous meanings that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viewers could encounter in a single sheet print replete with figures and banderoles, visual emblems and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7889 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mottos, and social types that upon closer examination reveal themselves to be particular individuals, such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the popish plotter Henry Garnet and the Count of Gondomar. Shifting tack slightly, Alastair Bellany in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Buckingham engraved: politics, print images, and the royal favorite in the 1620s? follows Jones?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selection. Bellany?s aim is to explore the intense politicization of representations of the Duke of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Buckingham during the twelve years he was court favorite and after his murder in 1628 by John Felton. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bellany asks excellent questions of his material, and deploys sophisticated methodology in order to approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his printed images ?from multiple interlinked perspectives?, as ?forms of political media?, places of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duke?s own ?self-fashioning and self-presentation?, and finally ?as mechanisms for the constantly contested )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation and construction of political, social and moral authority? \(p. 217\). The author spends much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time in analysis of Willem de Passe?s equestrian portrait of the Duke from around 1625 as ?a representation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and defence of Buckingham?s authority?, but then nicely reads this against ?a skeptical current of libelous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critique?, including a lost image showing a figure meant to be the Duke riding on the back of grotesque )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elderly woman \(p. 228\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bellany cites the work of Helen Peirce in his aspiration to situate himself in the new political-cultural history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of early modern Britain, and so it is a logical segue to the work of this very scholar with the next essay in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume, her ?The devil?s bloodhound: Roger L?Estrange caricatured?. Pierce?s essay is a skilled analysis of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the meeting of ribald ritual and imagery with high politics and crisis. Taking as her subject the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformation of Charles II?s licenser of the press Sir Roger L?Estrange into the dog Towzer, the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then weaves this into a larger history of grotesque, carnivalesque, meldings of human and animal form in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(graphic satires emerging from the presses of 17th-century London. Pierce works to invert traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hierarchies of text and image, in which the latter is usually seen as inferior to the former, by showing how a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printed image provided the impetus for a multitude of texts. Here, as in other works by this author, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masterfully reveals the influence of the pictorial upon forms of polemic during a vibrant moment of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourse and publication. While Pierce is concerned with keeping practices of print closely aligned with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political rituals Justin Champion, in the volume?s next selection entitled ?Decoding the )] TJ ET BT 456.332 442.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Leviathan)] TJ ET BT 504.332 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: doing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of ideas through images 1651?1700? seeks to re-appraise the politics of religion in 17th-18th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England though an analysis of persistent symbols in the visual culture of the time. Champion views the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrated title-page to Thomas Hobbes?s )] TJ ET BT 236.996 399.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Leviathan)] TJ ET BT 284.996 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1651\) as ?the most powerful fusillade? in an attack on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the structure of the Anglican Church \(p. 256\). The image both drew on and altered common symbols )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(swords, crosiers, mitres, etc\) in order ?to suggest a unambiguous resolution to the destructive conflict )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between church and state? \(p. 256\). While reading the title-page is, as Champion acknowledges, ?a minor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly industry? \(p. 259\), he is able to make an intervention into this crowded field by presenting a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convincing argument about how visual sources and their repetitions suggest that the realm of images was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important in generating significant and persistent public debate about the ?jurisdictional and spiritual power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the church?, its role in civil war, and the intolerance or persecution enacted by its clerics \(p. 259\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Particularly enjoyable is Champion?s shift in attention away from the Leviathan figure to his accompanying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attributes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With the fourth and final section of this volume of collected essays both Ben Thomas?s ?Noble or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial? The early history of mezzotint in Britain? and David Alexander?s ?Faithorne, Loggan, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vandrebank and White: the engraved portrait in late seventeenth-century Britain? present some of the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional art historical research in comparison with the other essays. Thomas? essay, dealing with the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of the mezzotint in Britain, is supported by outstanding historical and archival research linking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(graphic culture to scholarly discussions about the mechanical arts and the inductive or experimental methods )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of early natural history. The discussion of the concerns of )] TJ ET BT 313.628 159.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(virtuosi)] TJ ET BT 350.300 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, especially John Evelyn, over mezzotint?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial exploitation and ?vulgarization? is particularly strong ? the author reveals that Evelyn viewed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the techniques of creating printed images as being closer to the liberal arts than the mechanical, and this in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact would be in opposition to the more analytical and scientific approach to print media based on technique. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, Evelyn desired to place the new tonal method of printmaking ?into an intellectual paradigm )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with its own established concerns and categories?. Mezzotint?s status as foreign, secret, even exotic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributed to ?the difficulty of categorizing it within the scheme of more established arts and trades? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(282\). Evelyn?s fear of the corruption of this art by market forces is also germane to Alexander?s essay, in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 5549 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he demonstrates that, after 1660, ?the production of prints, as much as books, was increasingly market-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(led? \(p. 297\). Alexander deftly employs the tools of an art historian in confirming attribution of prints, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(providing convincing production dates, and compiling the )] TJ ET BT 315.332 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(catalogue raisone)] TJ ET BT 406.988 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The essay shows how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mezzotint production propelled an expansion in the print market, contributing to the overall success of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printed portraits and generating an interest in the beauty of the relatively novel technique. Alexander makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a puzzling distinction, however, between ?fine prints? and ?images? \(p. 300\) that demands more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explanation. It seems to be based on the dichotomy of contemplation versus use, but in a book with ?images? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the very title this becomes somewhat unworkable because many of the other essays argue that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemplation of an image and its use in social practice or ritual are not mutually exclusive facets.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The penultimate selection by Gill Saunders, entitled ??Paper Tapistry? and ?Wooden Pictures?: printed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decoration in the domestic interior before 1700? represents an excellent discussion of a little studied aspect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the print culture of early modern Britain. Saunders employs in depth discussion of sources and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examination of surviving objects to assemble a skillful critique of the argument that surviving patterns of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wallpaper designs should be seen solely in the context of designs for embroidery patterns. The author shows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in fact that wallpapers were produced that mimicked a number of different materials from woven tapestry to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marble and even moulded plasterwork. Consumer interest in these prints was based on their imitative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powers, not as sources of patterns for embroiderers, they were ?a means of achieving the effect of walls )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hung with tapestry or lined with marble but doing so much more cheaply? \(p. 324\). Lastly, Angela McShane )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Clare Backhouse?s ?Top knots and lower sorts: print and promiscuous consumption in the 1690s? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represents a cooperative effort between an historian of popular print and an expert in dress history. This is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fruitful collaboration that has produced an excellent essay structured around a series of broadside ballads )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addressing the ?top-knot?, a style of headdress used by women at the time. The essay discusses cheaper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forms of print and includes a welcome reappraisal of the popular and its hierarchical association with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(low. It includes a suggestive discussion of audience and gender, including the incorporation of divergent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readership/viewership within the printed sheets themselves. The authors clearly want to open up the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibility that popular broadsides were in fact intended for the lower or middling classes. Unlike genre )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paintings that present either a negative or positive stereotype of the lower orders for an elite audience, these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrated ballads actually spoke directly to a consuming class that was also the subject of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations. Through their focus on ballad images the authors conclude by pointing to the ubiquitous and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rich visual vocabularies enveloping the people of early modern Britain. This they characterize as ?a visual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archive that will amply repay careful enquiry? \(p. 352\). This is the last sentence in the book, and it is also a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fitting summary of the collection as a whole.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 297.295 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 279.515 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 279.515 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/978)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 278.121 m 322.316 278.121 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 253.144 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 238.744 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5055)] TJ ET BT 34.016 224.344 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 278.4355 322.3157 290.3155 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/978) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000574 00000 n 0000000656 00000 n 0000005419 00000 n 0000005528 00000 n 0000005638 00000 n 0000005747 00000 n 0000009308 00000 n 0000009436 00000 n 0000009520 00000 n 0000009585 00000 n 0000017337 00000 n 0000017402 00000 n 0000025464 00000 n 0000025529 00000 n 0000033471 00000 n 0000033555 00000 n 0000039157 00000 n 0000039285 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 39380 %%EOF