%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140730101059+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140730101059+01'00') /Title (Domestic Secrets: Women and Property in Sweden, 1600-1857) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4723 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Domestic Secrets: Women and Property in Sweden, 1600-1857)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State)] TJ ET BT 319.664 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1884\), Friedrich Engels posited a fundamental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship between women?s property rights, on the one hand, and changes in the social and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spheres, on the other. The later 20th-century efflorescence of social and women?s history saw scholars )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore this linkage systematically through studies of inheritance and family formation that provided an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essential underpinning for interpretations of formative ?modern? phenomena such as the commercial, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumer and industrial revolutions.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 209.336 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 209.336 214.905 m 223.328 214.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 223.328 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Supplanted from the historiographical foreground by the linguistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turn and the rise to dominance of cultural studies, analysis of the gendered history of inheritance and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact on wider social, economic and political systems receded from prominence for a decade or more. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Recent years have, however, seen a revival of historical attention to the fundamental ways in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modes and mechanisms by which families transmit \(or fail to transmit\) property across generations and over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time have shaped European economies and states.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 273.632 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 273.632 143.625 m 287.624 143.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 287.624 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( To this resurgent literature, Maria gren has been a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major and formidable contributor.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 104.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Domestic Secrets)] TJ ET BT 129.992 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, gren offers economic, legal, social and cultural historians a masterly analysis of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women?s changing relations to property in Sweden from the early 17th to the mid 19th century. Beginning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a carefully crafted historiographical and methodological overview, the book successively considers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(topics that include the competing claims to land rights made by women, marital couples, kin groups, local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(979)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 October, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maria gren)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780807833209)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(57.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(328pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of North Carolina Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapel Hill, NC)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Margot Finn)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 209.3357 215.2195 223.3277 227.0995 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 273.6317 143.9395 287.6237 155.8195 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 8226 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peasant communities and the state; the evolution of compensatory practices in the face of a deterioration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(land rights driven by proletarianisation; bankruptcy legislation and the emergence of a public sphere; and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radical legal reforms by the Swedish state that culminated in the abolition of distinctions between lineage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and non-lineage property in land. Clearly written and logically organised, )] TJ ET BT 389.960 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Domestic Secrets)] TJ ET BT 472.940 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( focuses upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments within Sweden, but situates these trends within wider comparative European \(including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British\) frameworks that extend the significance of this book?s conclusions far beyond Scandinavian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(borders. A major intervention in women?s legal history, gren?s study asks fundamental questions about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structural, social and discursive practices that have shaped European women?s access to landed property )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over time, and offers a series of intriguing answers to those questions, based on a wealth of original research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in archival and printed primary sources.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gren?s analysis is framed by the concept of ?domestic secrecy?. Borrowed from Swedish appeal court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lawyers? habitual references to the marital estate as an )] TJ ET BT 298.268 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(arcanum domesticum)] TJ ET BT 401.252 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the phrase ?domestic secret? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aptly conveys the opacity of the Swedish peasant family?s property relations when viewed by the state?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agents: when lawyers sought to distinguish between property held by husbands and wives in early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sweden, the legal and customary practices associated with lineage property ensured that ?they saw only a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bewildering and obscure bundle of intersecting and conflicting rights? \(p. 13\). Creditors were frequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(casualties of this well-entrenched domestic secrecy, which thwarted their efforts to make meaningful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessments of their debtors? assets and posed increasing obstacles to economic activity as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercialisation developed apace in the eighteenth century. In a newly commercial economy, moreover, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the notion of domestic secrecy acquired new resonances. Whereas seventeenth-century peasant society, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominated by kin groups and their lineage property, had ?made the distinction between public and private )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaningless? \(p. 17\), the eighteenth century witnessed the emergence of middle-class aspirations that lent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic secrecy new meanings by associating it with novel conceptions of privacy closely linked to notions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of respectability.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To address these interlocking changes in property regimes and social behaviours, gren adeptly combines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis of the local legal structures that governed probate processes together with interpretations of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national legislation that guided bankruptcy and legal reform. Describing family law as ?nothing less than the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hub of early modern economic life, both on a micro- and a macro-level? \(p. 12\), she builds her study upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(data derived from examination of thousands of wills, inventories, case records of rural primary courts and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legal documents published by litigants, but contextualises this localised material with analysis of Sweden?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national legal code \(dating from )] TJ ET BT 190.988 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(c)] TJ ET BT 196.316 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. 1350\) and the deliberations of its Diet \()] TJ ET BT 391.292 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(riksdag)] TJ ET BT 427.292 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). This approach provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Domestic Secrets)] TJ ET BT 116.996 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( with a rich empirical basis and also animates it with lively case studies of individual wives, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widows, husbands, daughters, parents, kin, debtors and creditors, whose hidden life stories are captured and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminated by the records of their litigation. gren?s dual attention to micro- and macro-historical analysis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helps ensure that her individual examples are used to illustrate wider social and economic trends; her use of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James C. Scott?s arguments about modern governments? interested efforts to promote ?legibility? helps to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situate these developments within the overarching process of state formation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lineage property lies at the heart of the transformations charted in )] TJ ET BT 354.944 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Domestic Secrets)] TJ ET BT 437.924 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Early modern Swedish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(law distinguished sharply between inherited land \()] TJ ET BT 275.984 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(arve)] TJ ET BT 297.308 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and purchased land \()] TJ ET BT 403.940 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(avlinge)] TJ ET BT 439.268 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Whereas inherited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(land was held only on behalf of the lineage, and thus could not be alienated at will, purchased land could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(freely alienated, by sale or will. Family members policed the disposition of their lineage property with great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(care: the legal right of )] TJ ET BT 142.988 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(brdsrtt)] TJ ET BT 187.664 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( gave kin the ability to veto sales of lineage property outside the confines of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the kin group. By definition, lineage property precluded husbands and wives from sharing ownership of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inherited land; land purchased during marriage, however ?although officially managed by the husband alone )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? was owned in common by husband and wife. Further complicating this system of property transmission )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was the two-fold nature of lineage in Sweden. Men and women belonged equally to their mother?s and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(father?s kin groups, and thus could inherit both through their maternal and their paternal lineage. To be sure, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(equal inclusion in the lineage group did not translate into equal property rights for men and women. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although in urban areas all children inherited equally, in rural regions peasant sons inherited shares of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parents? landed property twice the value of peasant daughters? shares. Nonetheless, Swedish inheritance law )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7558 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endowed peasant women with substantial property rights. In addition to her lineage lands, a wife gained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(property through a customary ?morning gift? bestowed by her husband upon marriage and also enjoyed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right to a third of the wealth accumulated with her husband over the course of their married life.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protecting women?s property rights was a vital function of lineage groups, local rural courts and the state?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legal code alike. The early modern Swedish legal code restricted the husband?s sale of his wife?s land, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hobbling land transfers by a range of stipulations that included an obligation on husbands to offer land in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first instance to the wife?s lineage group and an expectation that a husband offering his wife?s lineage land )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to purchasers would at the same time offer twice this amount of his own lineage land for sale. By )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(systematically analysing a sample of late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century court records and teasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out from individual cases the discursive strategies deployed by spouses and their kin, gren demonstrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that in rural areas, ?married women?s separate property was a reality and existed not merely in the letter of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the law? \(p. 35\). gren is careful not to romanticise this traditional property regime. She emphasises that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(law?s depiction of wives as persons who stood in need of the state?s protection from unscrupulous husbands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implicitly suggested their vulnerable status within marriage, even as the legal code itself failed to protect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women from the depredations of fathers, uncles, brothers and sons within their lineage group. Further, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legal code?s fixation on landed property created both blind spots and legal loopholes. Thus when a wife?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lineage property was alienated for specie ?rather than for new land ? it fell outside the normal restrictions on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alienation and could be surreptitiously incorporated by her spouse as his lineage ? rather than their common )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marital ? property.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Over the course of the 17th century, and with accelerating pace in the 18th century, the law?s two-fold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinction between inherited, restricted property in land and acquired, unrestricted landed property became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly problematic. Several factors combined to place new pressures on established property relations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this period. The rapid growth of Swedish iron production in the 17th century necessitated complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks of debt and credit which the domestic secrecy that surrounded wives? property rights rendered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vulnerable: only detailed local knowledge of a wife?s property rights could allow a creditor to calculate her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(husband?s available assets. From the early 18th century, moreover, new notions of privacy increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undercut the claims of kin, privileging instead the economic choices made by marital couples. In 1720, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pressure to recognise this emergent system of values led to statutory reforms that restricted the circle of kin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entitled to impede sales of lineage land by claiming )] TJ ET BT 284.324 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(brdsrtt)] TJ ET BT 329.000 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In a newly commercialising society, in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal property increasingly augmented peasants? land, wills gained currency as testamentary devices, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislation of 1734 mandated the creation of probate inventories to help regulate equitable distributions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(estates. Orchestrated by elite urban men, these statutory reforms failed however to address vital areas of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concern for married women, whose property was hidden from public view within the household. ?The law )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had always been blind to the fact that marital estates could contain valuable moveable property?, gren )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concludes. ?From the early eighteenth century, it also became less attentive to the fact that the marital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship could be a relationship of power? \(p. 99\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rising land prices in 18th-century Sweden ? fuelled by changing tax burdens, population growth and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislative reforms that, from 1734, eased husbands? ability to access their wives? capital ? were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accompanied by a substantial expansion of the land market ? powered by the state?s sale of substantial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crown lands. As in Britain, an 18th-century enclosure movement sought to replace scattered strips of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(farmland with consolidated agricultural units. Together, these developments encouraged married couples to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transfer wives? landed wealth into liquid capital, which could in turn be used to meet increasingly costly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inheritance claims by siblings and to purchase land adjacent to existing property, so as to create compact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(farms. Helping to render couples? households economically viable in a period marked by increasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proletarianisation, these trends could also make wives? positions within the family financially precarious, by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsuming their inherited property within their husbands? landed wealth. In this context, peasant parents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elaborated new compensatory mechanisms, seeking to protect wives from economic insecurity, for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by creating detailed retirement contracts with their children that stipulated the ways in which widowed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mothers? contributions to household property were to be recompensed by care in old age. Measures such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this, however, failed to reverse women?s disproportionate loss of landed wealth in 18th-century Sweden. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7238 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This trend was exacerbated by increased survival rates for young men \(relative to the 17th century\), a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development that detracted from female land ownership by reducing the proportion of daughters who, in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absence of surviving sons, inherited their parents? farms.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Among the most innovative aspects of gren?s approach is her discussion of the articulation of public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opinion within different sectors of Swedish society. Whereas Habermasian models of the emergence of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public sphere in the 17th century focus on urban society and the coffee house, gren argues persuasively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that rural Swedish peasants created a robust institutional framework within which public opinion could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shaped and expressed. Their local courts, in which lay judges adjudicated the complicated inheritance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disputes produced by the legal code?s distinction between lineage and non-lineage property, constituted a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key site in which a ?public? was constituted. For, the rural ?community constituted a local public sphere )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where the distinction between private and public had no meaning and where ?public opinion? affected the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outcome of private disputes?, gren observes. ?Consequently, there could be no, or only a few, domestic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secrets from the point of view of local people? \(p. 62\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The 18th century saw this rural public sphere complemented by the emergence of a vibrant urban public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sphere which ? like the rural public sphere constituted by local courts ? focused on the contestation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex property rights. Assisted by a substantial growth in the number of printing houses, 18th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Swedish men and women began to publish legal documents that chronicled their property disputes, in a bid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to influence outcomes through appeals to public opinion. These documents provide gren with a rich )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence base for analysis of women?s property rights, and offer an especially revealing optic onto credit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations and bankruptcy law. From 1767, expanding credit relations powered legislative reforms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bankruptcy in Sweden, introducing a new requirement that bankruptcy cases must be publicised in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspapers and creating enhanced mechanisms for debtors? wives to insulate their ?separate? property from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the claims of their husbands? creditors. Together these changes encouraged women and their advocates to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publish detailed and partisan accounts of their family?s business and inheritance practices, and in so doing to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expose their domestic secrets to public scrutiny. Often stretching over several generations and providing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence not only of hidden assets but also of practices such as adultery, divorce, remarriage and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defamation, these records ?disclosed domestic secrets but at the same time taught people something about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the law? \(p. 161\). gren?s evidence thus forces us to re-think the conventional histories of the emergence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the public sphere in Europe, both by underlining the extent and depth of urban public opinion in the 18th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century and by suggesting that rural local courts provided effective vehicles for the articulation of public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opinion even in the 17th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gren concludes her study by assessing the radical changes enacted by the Swedish Diet in the nineteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, reforms that included new rights to co-own a spouse?s land \(1807\), equal inheritance rights for men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and women \(1845\) and the abolition of the distinction between lineage and non-lineage land \(1857\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although secular changes in economic practice clearly underlay these dramatic changes, )] TJ ET BT 461.900 275.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Domestic Secrets)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates that they were also shaped by the discursive field created by property disputes that were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contested within a variety of Swedish public spheres. These debates, conducted at both the local and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national level, ensured that despite the increasing currency of privacy as a domestic ideal, women?s property )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often emerged in public disputes as a private matter that demanded a public audience. In this interpretation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the legislative reforms of the 19th century can only be fully comprehended if their genealogy is traced back )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for generations. As gren concludes, ?the reform era was the end point of developments that stretched as far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(back as 1700? \(p. 198\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Domestic Secrets)] TJ ET BT 116.996 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( represents a major contribution to women?s, legal and social history. Grounded in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abundant archival and printed primary resources and conceptually astute, Maria gren?s book will ensure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Sweden becomes an essential point of comparison for studies of women?s property in the past. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inevitably, there are aspects of gren?s argument that would benefit from further elaboration. Her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occasional use of material from Swedish and British novels to illustrate women?s property dilemmas, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, begs the question of how compatible these source bases are: were the restrictions of genre that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shaped fictional depictions of women?s property woes the same or different than those that guided legal )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 4627 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disputes over property? The book?s emphasis on landed property also raises questions. In 1600, most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Swedes were peasants whose property was overwhelmingly tied up with land ownership, but by the 1850s, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longstanding processes of proletarianisation had stripped many families of their landed wealth. How were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new forms of property depicted in the lively debates that animated Sweden?s public sphere from the 18th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century onwards? Did different discourses primarily develop along gender lines, or was class instead an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly salient force shaping property disputes ? including disputes about women?s property ? in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern Sweden? Scholars who seek to address these issues ? not only for Sweden, but also for wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European and western histories ? will benefit enormously from Maria gren?s meticulous, comprehensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and thought-provoking study, which provides an admirable model for future social historians of the law to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(follow while also shedding new light on the comparative history of gender and the emergence of the public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sphere.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 619.011 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 588.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Key examples relevant for this review include Leonore Davidoff and Catherine Hall, )] TJ ET BT 474.248 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Family )] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle Class 1780?1850)] TJ ET BT 389.000 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1987\), Amy Louise )] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Erickson, )] TJ ET BT 112.676 559.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and Property in Early Modern England)] TJ ET BT 341.984 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1993\), Jack Goody, )] TJ ET BT 489.296 559.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Development of Family and Marriage in Europe)] TJ ET BT 297.320 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1986\), and David Sabean, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Property, Production and Family in Neckerhausen, 1700?1870)] TJ ET BT 367.988 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1991\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 465.308 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 465.308 529.971 m 519.296 529.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 517.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Notable among these studies are )] TJ ET BT 222.320 517.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Marital Economy in Scandinavia and Britain, 1400?1900)] TJ ET BT 520.316 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maria gren and Amy Louise Erickson \(Aldershot, 2005\), )] TJ ET BT 348.632 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Family Welfare: Gender, Property, and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Inheritance since the Seventeenth Century)] TJ ET BT 266.636 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. David R. Green and Alasdair Owens \(London, 2004\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Jan De Vries, )] TJ ET BT 152.324 474.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Industrious Revolution: Consumer Behavior and the Household Economy, 1650 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 460.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(to the Present)] TJ ET BT 130.676 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 227.996 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 227.996 458.691 m 281.984 458.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 433.829 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 414.847 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 397.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 397.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/979)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 395.673 m 322.316 395.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 370.696 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.296 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5058)] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.896 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 465.3077 530.2855 519.2957 542.1655 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 227.9957 459.0055 281.9837 470.8855 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 395.9875 322.3157 407.8675 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/979) >> endobj xref 0 34 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000567 00000 n 0000000663 00000 n 0000005438 00000 n 0000005547 00000 n 0000005657 00000 n 0000005766 00000 n 0000009327 00000 n 0000009455 00000 n 0000009539 00000 n 0000009568 00000 n 0000009696 00000 n 0000009732 00000 n 0000009761 00000 n 0000009889 00000 n 0000009925 00000 n 0000009990 00000 n 0000018269 00000 n 0000018334 00000 n 0000025945 00000 n 0000026010 00000 n 0000033301 00000 n 0000033399 00000 n 0000038079 00000 n 0000038207 00000 n 0000038262 00000 n 0000038390 00000 n 0000038445 00000 n 0000038573 00000 n trailer << /Size 34 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 38668 %%EOF