%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141123131407+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141123131407+00'00') /Title (London Transport Museum Film Collection Online) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4753 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(London Transport Museum Film Collection Online)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(We know that London Transport was a pioneer in advertising public transport. Their posters from the inter-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war period and the 1950s are a familiar sight and they are frequently used as historical sources not only by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academics but students as well. What is less well known is that London's public transport companies also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been using moving images to promote their services and the reliability of their staff since the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years of the 20th century. The )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 180.980 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London Transport Museum?s website)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 180.980 286.185 m 362.624 286.185 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 365.624 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 379.616 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? an interesting place for exploring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primary sources in general ? offers a taster selection of eight initial films which cover the period from 1910 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to 1970 including the classic British Transport Films )] TJ ET BT 290.024 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(All That Mighty Heart)] TJ ET BT 397.028 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, along with a lesser-known gem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Our Canteens)] TJ ET BT 101.012 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the film collection which the Museum inherited from London Transport is perhaps best known for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the documentaries made by British Transport Films in the 1950s and 1960s, there are other titles to discover )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which reveal unexpected and unfamiliar aspects of public transport history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The oldest film dates from 1910 and is 14 minutes long. It shows a journey from Baker Street into Metro-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Land and beyond into Aylesbury. The film was shot from the front of the train taking a driver?s perspective. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Starting with views on busy platforms the train takes us through tunnels out into the countryside. Temporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(signs have been put up to identify each station as the train passes. The film predominantly shows trees, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meadows, some houses, stations, tracks and tracks again. But it also provides evidence of passengers, people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(waiting at the stations and people using trains, for which there are few sources from this period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are two films available which were produced in the inter-war period: The first one from 1923 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 51.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advertised travel guides by the London General Omnibus Company \(LGOC\). This silent film shows in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(982)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 October, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Murphy)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London Transport Museum)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.ltmcollection.org/films/index.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barbara Schmucki)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 180.9797 286.4995 362.6237 298.3795 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.ltmcollection.org/films/index.html) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7539 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moving images what the travel guide does in writing: the old charm of Surrey, historic towns, picturesque )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(villages and beautiful landscapes. The message is that all the splendour can now be reached by bus from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London. In the end the film advertises the travel guides and with them the leisure and pleasure trips )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves. The second film, from 1932, shows the new Piccadilly line extension. It clearly boasts about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new, stylish, modern stations, underground window shopping, building sites of underground lines that open )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the way to new suburban housing and clean trains \(you see train washers and a modern train washing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(machine\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These films from the inter-war period make clear not only that this is a transport company in the process of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(becoming a modern travel undertaker, but also that British society is changing its daily habits and leisure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The remaining five films cover the period from 1951 to 1970. )] TJ ET BT 333.308 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Our Canteens)] TJ ET BT 400.304 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1951\) is an impressive mixture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between a documentary and an advertising campaign as it shows the work of London Transport canteens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(food production, different styles of canteens, endeavour to modernise\), while also aiming to entice women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to work for the canteens. As the text on the webpage informs, the film was actually used as a aid for female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(staff in training centres. This film is an excellent source for analysing the history of female workers in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1950s, and in addition it allows a look behind the scene of a large company.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Elephant Will Never Forget)] TJ ET BT 188.672 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from 1953 \(by British Transport Films\) bids an emotional farewell to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last tram in London. It portrays the last week of trams running in London, but also reflects on a tram culture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ended for the metropolis at the time. Tram songs, passengers, conductors, nice views on London from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the top deck, couples taking the tram for the sake of a ride \(and being together for while\), the Kingsway tram )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subway, the set up of trolley poles and plough changeovers represent different parts of daily urban life that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was forced to go in the early 1950s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such change becomes even more obvious in the films of the 1960s. The setting has completely changed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then. )] TJ ET BT 60.680 420.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(All That Mighty Heart)] TJ ET BT 167.684 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1962 by British Transport Films\) shows a day in the life of London as seen by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the London Transport BBC radio programmes. Modern technologies in control rooms organise now public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transport, represented by shiny modern buses, trains and underground. Stylish men and women waiting, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travelling, arriving symbolise now smooth flows of passengers and traffic and the new pace of urban life. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clerks in newly designed department stores and timetabling offices, dance music, workers in bright )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(canteens, clean buses and trains, modern architecture from the 1960s, supermarkets, leisure activities, sports, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(zoo, and nightlife; the film links all of this to London Transport. And while the bright world enjoys the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opera, shows and nightclubs London Transport builds the new Victoria line for the future. Life is portrayed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as modern, bright and shiny and the buses, undergrounds and trains are an essential part of it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hey! Ticket!)] TJ ET BT 93.656 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1969, by British Transport Films\) and )] TJ ET BT 285.656 280.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(On The Move)] TJ ET BT 350.972 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1970, also by British Transport Films\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repeat this tone. )] TJ ET BT 113.336 266.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hey! Ticket!)] TJ ET BT 172.976 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( shows how people have to buy tickets at the new ticket machines. Passengers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are given advice on which automatic gates to use. Different tickets open different gates and different kinds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of luggage need different handling or the passenger is liable to get stuck when entering the underground )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(system. The film was shot on location at Hammersmith underground station and combines animation with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life action to guide the commuter through the new Automatic Fare Collection Ticket Gates installed on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victoria line at the time. )] TJ ET BT 154.004 194.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(On The Move)] TJ ET BT 219.320 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( propagates similar prospects of modernity. It shows how London )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Transport helps to keep London moving by applying modern technologies \(computers, electronic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commands, automatisation, functional design, control centres, electronic eyes, CCTV, electronic ticket )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(barriers\) and modern organisation \(one man buses, pay as you enter systems, wash modes, staff training, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(route restructuring\). The emphasis here is that London needs people moving about freely to be an efficient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and prosperous metropolis. Again London?s transport system provides the state-of-the-art infrastructure to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(keep up with change. In that sense it is praised as a ?one class system with a first class look?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The website provides some helpful comments with each film. The information provided is very descriptive, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(telling the reader \(or watcher?\) what he or she can see in the film. I did however wish for more interpretative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guidance. It would be interesting to know why London Transport produced such films, what they were used )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 2702 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for, what audiences they were aimed at, and last but not least how they can be explained within a broader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical context of social and technological change. But maybe such interpretations remain as a task for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interested academic watching and using the films in the future.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London Transport Museum Film Collection Online)] TJ ET BT 279.692 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( shows the changing image of London Transport as it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(created by London Transport itself. The films are a unique source for analysing how such an image was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constructed and how it changed, but furthermore they provide evidence of the daily use of public transport, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uses of public space and uses of urban environments. Nowhere else we can observe passengers boarding and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alighting busses, people queuing, waiting on platforms, squeezing in underground stations, crossing roads, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(squares and railway bridges, people working for transport companies and people enjoying their leisure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activities and travel trips to countryside destinations. These films are an immensely valuable source for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(teaching as they are available online, short, and easy to handle in courses. Above all, though, they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enormously entertaining and good fun! Enjoy!)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(TheLT Museumis happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 556.159 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 538.379 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 538.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/982)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 536.985 m 322.316 536.985 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 512.008 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 497.608 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5070)] TJ ET BT 34.016 483.208 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.ltmcollection.org/films/index.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 468.808 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 537.2995 322.3157 549.1795 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/982) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000542 00000 n 0000000631 00000 n 0000005436 00000 n 0000005545 00000 n 0000005655 00000 n 0000005764 00000 n 0000009325 00000 n 0000009453 00000 n 0000009537 00000 n 0000009665 00000 n 0000009762 00000 n 0000009827 00000 n 0000017419 00000 n 0000017503 00000 n 0000020258 00000 n 0000020386 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 20481 %%EOF