%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140819071500+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140819071500+01'00') /Title (Broken Men ? Shell Shock, Treatment and Recovery in Britain, 1914-1930) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R 21 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4845 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Broken Men ? Shell Shock, Treatment and Recovery in Britain, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1914-1930)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With a few exceptions, the history of shell shock in Britain has focused primarily on doctors? and patients? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responses to mental trauma during wartime.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 244.652 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 244.652 250.545 m 258.644 250.545 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 258.644 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In particular, scholars of psychological trauma have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigated doctors? dilemmas in diagnosing shell shock, wartime debates over restoring individual health )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(versus military needs, and the ?crisis of masculinity? this wound represented in European culture.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 502.940 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 502.940 222.033 m 516.932 222.033 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 516.932 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of mental illness is, however, still a developing field, and one of the areas that begs more research is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the experience of traumatized men after 1918, in particular their struggle to restore themselves in work and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family life.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 87.344 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 87.344 179.265 m 101.336 179.265 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 101.336 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( As the focus shifts towards the postwar period, the agency of ?hysterical men? becomes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apparent as we find evidence of their struggle to gain respect and assert authority over their diagnosis and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the memory of the war. Fiona Reid makes an important contribution to the scholarship on shell shock. She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasively argues that by studying the shell-shocked soldier in the post-war world, we can gain new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives on how the memory of the war was constructed, and changing perceptions the war?s most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbolic victims. Reid argues that while shell-shocked men are largely responsible for contemporary British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture?s empathy for trauma victims, a reaction against a ?stiff upper lip? image of British manhood, and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective memory of the Great War as the epitome of catastrophe and futility, shell-shocked men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves had a very different set of goals about their image and legacy. Today?s images of shell-shocked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British soldiers as tragic, wasted victims of a hopeless war obscures the more complex realities faced by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(997)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 November, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fiona Reid)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781847252418)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(224pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Continuum)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jason Crouthamel)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 244.6517 250.8595 258.6437 262.7395 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 502.9397 222.3475 516.9317 234.2275 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 87.3437 179.5795 101.3357 191.4595 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 7492 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actual men who were eager to salvage their sense of masculinity and restore their sense of honor as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legitimate war victims in the eyes of the nation. Reid?s book focuses on the efforts of institutions responsible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the care of these men, in particular the ESWS \(Ex-services Welfare Society\), as well of the voices of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shell-shocked men themselves to recover the attitudes of British civilians and veterans toward mentally ill )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(victims of war. The trenches and military hospitals were not the end of the story for shell-shocked men, Reid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues, but the first part of a long ordeal for disabled men as they sought respect and self-determination in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the world of work, family and political and economic restitution.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reid?s book is organized thematically, with chapters that focus on the experiences of these men through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landscape of the trenches, asylums, welfare offices and life as civilians. Reid begins by providing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(background on the battlefield experience of shell shock to highlight the diversity of symptoms and problems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raised by psychological wounds. While post-war veterans? organizations would successfully create a special, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empathetic place in public memory for shell-shocked men, during the war men received inadequate and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often dismissive treatment from skeptical doctors who were not equipped or trained to cope with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enormous influx of traumatized soldiers. Not all military doctors, however, scorned these men who broke )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down when faced with their masculine roles as the nation?s warriors. Viewpoints among doctors and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public varied as pre-existing attitudes towards ?weak nerves? as a symptom of unmanly disposition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competed with growing disillusionment with the military high command and traditional values. Sympathy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for shell-shocked men, coupled with growing criticism of callous military doctors, led to civilian campaigns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to raise money for special war neurosis hospitals. These campaigns were partly successful and some positive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press reports helped generate support for mentally ill veterans, but widespread perceptions linking shell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shock and ?madness,? and persistent skepticism about a breakdown of masculinity, continued to hang over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these men. One of the first attempts at public support was the 1915 War Pensions Bill, which tried to free )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men of these stigmas with flexible categories, but diagnostic and linguistic confusion over the meaning of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?shell shock? frustrated war victims and their families as they sought economic security and respect. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Medical and military leaders tried to project an image of control to downplay these problems, which actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fueled growing sympathy for traumatized men as unjust victims of the establishment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In her analysis of how military doctors approached shell-shocked men, Reid rightly stresses that historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(must keep in mind the context in which these doctors encountered this elusive wound. On one hand, socially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative doctors were skeptical that ?shell shock? was really just a form of malingering by weak-willed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men, but doctors also saw themselves as vanguards of social progress who advocated humane healing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were caught between the interests of the military ? namely to send men to the front ? and the interests of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medicine. The hard pressed RAMC \(Royal Army Medical Corps\) had to take in an increasing number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(civilian doctors who believed that the interests of army discipline resulted in the neglect of ordinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soldiers? health. However, most RAMC doctors, regardless of their perceptions of shell shock as a legitimate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or faked injury, were hesitant to engage fully with the problems posed by this wound. Most were untrained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in psychology, a field still widely disdained, and they labelled the complex, myriad symptoms of shell shock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as another form of shirking. At the same time, these soldiers who lost their self-control and displayed tics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tremors and other visible forms of trauma despite their invisible wounds drew compassion from some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doctors and the public. This empathy for men who appeared to lose their manhood would become the basis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the post-war constructions of shell shock as a ?special? wound. Even as doctors and the military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mismanaged shell shock, the kernel of compassion for men ?whose minds the Dead have ravished,? as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilfred Owen famously observed, set the scene for post-1918 memory of the war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reid effectively compares and contrasts perceptions of shell shock ?from above? with opinion ?from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(below.? While the British government saw shell shock as a distasteful subject that it wanted to forget, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shattered men, their dependents, and much of the public, the traumatic memories of the war were impossible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to forget. Shell-shocked men attained a unique cultural status in the 1920s, as they were portrayed in popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature as symbols of a disastrous, futile war. The political left used shell shock to criticize Britain?s role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the war and the unjustified execution of ?cowards? at the front. Beyond just the question of rehabilitation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shell shock raised questions over commemoration of the war. While critics of the war used shell shock to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shout ?never again? and ?never forget,? most traumatized men, many of whom were trapped in insane )] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7367 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asylums and economically destitute, sought to be remembered as ?honoured? survivors of a ?glorious? war. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To meet the practical needs of shell-shocked veterans, and promote their memory as legitimate, respected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war victims, sympathetic civilians and veterans set up the ESWS to battle doctors and politicians who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wanted to forget the ?lunatics?. At first, the ESWS concentrated on reforming the system of treating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentally disabled veterans, in particular, liberating them from the squalid asylum system. However, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ESWS faced resistance from the pension bureaucracy, which shell-shocked men found frustrating and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insensitive to their complex problems. Further, while the ESWS found some success reforming the lunatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asylums, public perceptions of ?neurotic? men were tarnished by negative media images of shell-shocked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men as dangerous or morally corupt. Thus, by the end of the 1920s, the ESWS distanced itself from lunatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asylum reform, as many in the public still conflated chronic ?madness? and ?shell shock,? making it difficult )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to win pensions and political support.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reid demonstrates that to be successful, the ESWS had to devote its activities to men who possessed enough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self-control to be on the verge of reintegration into work and everyday life. By the end of the 20th century, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the archetypal image of the shell-shocked soldier was one of a pitiful wreck, a ghost-like shell of a once )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intact man. However, in the late 1920s, the ESWS worked tirelessly to debunk this image that was being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(solidified in the literature and popular culture. Instead, activists asserted, shell-shocked men were hard-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working, easily assimilated, dedicated men who could restore their masculine character if given a chance by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employers. Shell-shocked men continued to be haunted by their memories of the trenches, and despite their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nightmares, tremors, and other disturbing symptoms, worked to restore their status and present themselves as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ordinary, recovering veterans. Despite their efforts, Reid argues, by 1930 shell-shocked veterans were in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more dire circumstances than at the beginning of the decade, as health care and job resources were in decline )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the wake of the Great Depression. However, the ESWS had largely succeded in discrediting perceptions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of shell-shocked men as unproductive malingerers, and the organization built positive relationships between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the government?s pension system and shell-shocked men and their families.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reid?s study adds new insights to the growing scholarship on shell shock. In particular, by concentrating on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the post-1918 experiences of traumatized men, she is able to shift the focus from evidence left primarily by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doctors to letters and other sources that document veterans? perspectives. Most intriguing is Reid?s analysis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of how men attempted to reclaim authority over their minds and identities, especially as they fought to prove )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their manhood and productivity in their families and society. Reid demonstrates that scholars dealing with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shell shock have much to gain, and more ground to cover, by looking at the voices of traumatized men and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrasting their memories and conceptions of shell shock with the military, medical and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishments. While Reid astutely develops her arguments over the course of her chapters, the book could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be strengthened with a more developed introduction. In particular, it is important for historians to directly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(address the larger historiographical significance of their work, and Reid?s introduction would have benefited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a more precise analysis of how her work relates to existing scholarship on British shell shock, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular studies by Peter Leese and Elaine Showalter, whose work on the bureaucratic pension labryinth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and battles over gender roles are essential. Further, though it would not have been necessary to distract from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her well-focused chapters with comparisons across national lines, Reid?s introduction and conclusion might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been enriched with some comparisons of the experience of British men to ?war neurotics? in Germany )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the ?walking dead? in France. Extensive studies of mental trauma in those contexts, even in the interwar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period, would make for interesting comparative analysis, especially in terms of strategies taken by war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neurotics to attain economic and political status, their different memories of the war, and debates over how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to describe the traumatic wounds of war. Nevertheless, Reid?s well-written, engaging prose, command of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her sources, and thoughtful analysis of grass roots efforts to defend ?hysterical? men make this a successful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book. Specialists in trauma studies and the social and cultural effects of the war, as well as a broader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(audience of students interested in the history of memory and representations of the Great War, would benefit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greatly from adding Reid?s work to their libraries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 81.795 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 51.178 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A fascinating study of post-1918 experiences of traumatized veterans is Peter Barham, )] TJ ET BT 482.264 51.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Forgotten )] TJ ET BT 64.016 36.917 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lunatics of the Great War)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 2157 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New Haven, CT, 2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 183.320 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 183.320 795.075 m 237.308 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 782.218 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A key work on British shell shock is Peter Leese, )] TJ ET BT 303.656 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Shell Shock ? Traumatic Neurosis and the British )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Soldiers of the First World War)] TJ ET BT 216.356 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 333.992 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 333.992 766.563 m 387.980 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 753.706 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A study of postwar French soldiers? experiences with mental trauma includes Gregory Matthew )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas, )] TJ ET BT 108.680 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Treating the Trauma of the Great War: Soldiers, Civilians and Psychiatry in France, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1914?1940)] TJ ET BT 118.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Baton Rouge, LA, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 247.004 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 247.004 723.795 m 300.992 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 679.951 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 662.171 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 662.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/997)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 660.777 m 322.316 660.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 635.800 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 621.400 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/5125)] TJ ET BT 34.016 607.000 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 183.3197 795.3895 237.3077 807.2695 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 333.9917 766.8775 387.9797 778.7575 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 247.0037 724.1095 300.9917 735.9895 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 661.0915 322.3157 672.9715 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/997) >> endobj xref 0 37 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000573 00000 n 0000000676 00000 n 0000005573 00000 n 0000005682 00000 n 0000005792 00000 n 0000005901 00000 n 0000009462 00000 n 0000009590 00000 n 0000009674 00000 n 0000009703 00000 n 0000009831 00000 n 0000009867 00000 n 0000009896 00000 n 0000010024 00000 n 0000010060 00000 n 0000010089 00000 n 0000010216 00000 n 0000010252 00000 n 0000010317 00000 n 0000017862 00000 n 0000017927 00000 n 0000025347 00000 n 0000025452 00000 n 0000027662 00000 n 0000027790 00000 n 0000027845 00000 n 0000027973 00000 n 0000028028 00000 n 0000028156 00000 n 0000028211 00000 n 0000028339 00000 n trailer << /Size 37 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28434 %%EOF