In contemporary understanding, a kitchen is a space which houses a heat source and appropriate utensils for preparing meals. How and why this kind of kitchen emerged in England between the 17th and mid-19th century is the story that Pennell set out to uncover.
Martin Ingram’s 1987 book Church Courts, Sex and Marriage in England, 1570–1640 is celebrated for many reasons.(1) Not least, it is recognised for its importance in rescuing ecclesiastical courts from previous unfavourable assessments that branded them corrupt and inefficient.
‘Horrible, horrible, it’s horrible.’
‘Oh my! This is gorgeous.’
‘You are gonna catch a cold.’
‘Well if I stood next to her I would be the happiest man on earth.’
The historiography of 17th-century English republican thought is a largely women-free zone.