Looking at Greek and Roman sacred spaces through the lens of the history of collecting and museums has often led scholars to identify antecedents of modern concepts, practices, and institutions of cultural heritage in Greco-Roman antiquity. This paper proposes some reflections on several, still controversial aspects of these analogies by focusing on the itinerary of the Aphrodite Anadyomene by Apelles, which unfolds between the sanctuary of Asklepios at Kos, where it was originally dedicated, and the Temple of the deified Caesar in Rome, where it was translocated under Augustus.
Through the case of the Anadyomene, this paper tackles the impact of celebrated masterpieces of art on Greek and Roman sanctuaries by taking into account the religious, social, political, economic, and cultural embeddedness of the artefacts accumulated in Greek and Roman sacred spaces, in order to question how far the artefacts kept in sacred treasures might be the primary motivation for travelling and sightseeing; to investigate ancient views on cultural property and its displacement; and to explore ancient attitudes towards conservation.
Gabriella Cirucci is Marie Sklodowska-Curie Fellow at the SAXO Institute of the University of Copenhagen, where she is carrying out the project “REFRAME. Greek Funerary and Votive Reliefs Reused for Display in the Ancient Mediterranean. A Long-term, Interdisciplinary, and Cross-cultural Approach”.
She obtained her PhD in Classical Archaeology from the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa (2008). Her doctoral thesis dealt with the reuse of Greek artworks of the 5h and 4th centuries B.C.E. in Roman times. She has been postdoctoral fellow at the Scuola Normale (2013-2017) carrying out the project Nobilia opera? Displaying reused Greek sculpture in Roman contexts: a case study towards a history of restoration in Classical Antiquity as a part of the project Beyond Pliny directed by Gianfranco Adornato. She was visiting Scholar at the Getty Research Institute for the annual theme Object-Value-Canon (2014); in 2019 she received a grant under the NWO funded VICI project Innovating Objects. The impact of global connections and the formation of the Roman Empire (ca. 200-30 BC), directed by Miguel John Versluys at the University of Leiden.
During her doctoral and postdoctoral periods, she also developed a strong interest in the History of collecting antiquities from the 15th to the 18th centuries and in Digital Humanities. She coordinated the project Aedes Barberinae (2007-2012), directed by Lucia Faedo at the University of Pisa and contributed to the projects Le voci del marmo (2012) and Monumenta rariora (2001-2007), directed by Salvatore Settis at the Scuola Normale.
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