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Anna Turnham: ‘Anglo-Scottish Ambassadors and Channels of Communication, c.1558-68.
With a shared border, travel routes between England and Scotland were well-established by the mid-sixteenth century. A number of paths travelled between the two countries were documented in chronicles, travel memoirs, military journals, and contemporary maps. In diplomacy, these routes were used by ambassadors to transport information (both written and oral), money, and men between the two countries. This paper will examine the English and Scottish ambassadors and messengers use of these channels of communication, specifically looking at the physical routes by land and sea, and their agency through their social network on the journey.

Tom Tyson: ‘State Building and the Persecution of Gypsies in Scotland, c.1570–1625’
The reign of James VI and I (1567-1625) is held as pivotal in the development of governing institutions in Scotland. This process, labelled ‘state building’ or ‘state formation’, has been the subject of much debate in recent decades, with many historians of Scotland seeking to escape the paradigm set by scholarship on England. This paper will contribute to the debate, and also interrogate the usefulness of ascribing ‘state formation’ to Scotland during the period by looking at the relationship between Gypsies and Scottish authorities — a subject that has received no sustained scholarly attention.

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