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Open and Free Access Materials for Research

At the IHR, we recognise the effect that the current closure of libraries and archives is having on the ability to undertake research.

To help those writing dissertations and undertaking research, we are collecting links to accessible online materials. This listing is a work in progress, and we're also asking you for additional recommendations to make this resource as useful as possible. 

Introduction from Jo Fox

Like others, we're very aware of the challenges now facing researchers unable to access to libraries and archives. This is significant for all historians, at every career stage. But it's particularly challenging for MA students (and their tutors) and all those working to fixed deadlines to complete research projects in the coming months.

There's now much information circulating on social media and in professional communities about new materials coming online. This is extremely welcome. But it can also be difficult to keep abreast of the changing landscape, and to know where to look for information.

In response, the IHR Library has created this new guide which seeks to consolidate information, bringing it together in one place. Below you'll find lists of links to freely accessible online content -- organised, for example, by publication type, chronology and theme. At the start you'll also find helpful advice from the IHR Library team on how to make the most of this resource.

It's important to say that this guide remains a work in progress, and here we seek the help of the wider historical community.

So far we’ve included those resources we know about, but there will be many others known to you. We’re keen to hear about these and encourage you to get in touch. If you’d like to recommend a freely accessible online resource, please send your suggestions to Alternatively, you can submit your recommendations via this online suggestion box.

We’ll then review submissions and add them to this guide. We’ll be keeping this new information under constant review, making sure it remains up-to-date and as useful as possible.

Professor Jo Fox, IHR Director 

About this Guide

This webpage contains a selection of curated links to online research resources that can be used for Master's dissertations, as well as historical research of all kinds. From digitised archives to oral histories, newspapers, maps and printed collections, we hope that there will some material that can help with your work or, if you are a dissertation advisor, perhaps make some further suggestions to your students.

We have organised the material by period. This is always something of an arbitrary exercise, and there will be some duplication. Some key subject or perhaps unexpected formats have also been included, such as Virtual and Augmented Reality (why not, for example, visit relevant historical sites around the world via Google Streetview?).

This is of course simply a small selection of the vast amount of material that is out there. You will know more about what is available in your own area of specialism, and Google, DuckDuckGo or Ecosia will uncover more. There are also numerous online guides and bibliographies, both general and specialised, that will give further suggestions, these include Wikipedia's list of digitised newspapers. Your library will also be able to advise on what is available for you behind paywalls, what some of the copyright and fair dealing exemptions might be, and what has been opened up for access during this period of uncertainty - the UK National Archives, for example, is attempting to make its licenced content available for a period. Twitter and other social media has also been a site for people willing to share their own research materials; institutional repositories may also have accepted scanned or rekeyed materials as part of the research data requested by many research councils.

Some of the material has been selected by IHR librarians and colleagues in the institute, while others have been suggested by others. We are pleased to hear about suggestions, either by emailing or through a short online suggestions box. The full spreadsheet of suggestions might also be useful to review and search.

Like all sources, online materials have their own history and pose challenges and questions for historians and other researchers. How were they collected? Why were they selected? Where did they come from? Who pays for it? What's been left out? What are the differences between the physical records and their online representation? What shortcuts sneak into our methods that may undermine the rigour of our overall argument?

Understanding how archives are created and arranged is an essential part of historical research, and there are similar considerations for their online equivalent. How are archival hierarchies, indexes or catalogues created online? Are they automated, do they use international standards, or their own bespoke thesaurus of terms? Technical understanding of scribal methods, forms of writing, and the purpose for which records were created are important things to understand, an awareness of digital technologies, from the limits of scanning technology to OCR and XML, can be useful, too. Many online archives have also been created from microforms, and digital archives, particularly web archives, may have been migrated from one format to another, losing data or functionality along the way.

Archives also have a range of definitions, with archivists conceptualising them as the materials produced by an individual, family or organisation during the course of their life or work, and archives seen in more general terms as collections of old records. Online 'archives' may also be synthetic creations, gathering both primary and secondary materials together in new ways, perhaps with an attention to rediscover hidden voices. Again, historians will be alert to how this shapes our understanding of the past. For this list, we will be as expansive as possible.

Finally, there are matters of scale and quantity. Your materials may be too vast, or too limited; but what are the opportunities opened up by this? Is close reading of one or two documents as useful as reading thousands of items? What are the opportunities opened up by analysing texts or images at scale, perhaps by using the tools of the digital humanities?

Further Reading

Blaney, Jonathan and Judith Seifring, 'A Culture of non-citation: Assessing the digital impact of British History Online and the Early English Books Online Text Creation Partnership', Digital History Quarterly (2017).

Hauswedell, T., J. Nyhan, and M.H. Beals et al., 'Of Global Reach Yet of Situated Contexts: An examination of the implicit and explicit selection criteria that shape digital archives of historical newspapers'Arch Sci (2020)

MacEachern, Alan and William J. Turkel, 'A Time for Research Distancing', Active History 31 March 2020.

Prescott, Andrew and Lorna Hughes, 'Why Do We Digitize: The case for slow digitization', Archive Journal (2018).

Putnam, Lara, 'The Transnational and the Text-Searchable: Digitized Sources and the Shadows They Cast' (working paper) published as 'The Transnational and the Text-Searchable: Digitized Sources and the Shadows They Cast'American Historical Review 121 (2016).

IHR Online of free and paywalled resources with access details for SAS students, etc.
Open Access Research Resources for the School’s physical libraries may be closed for the time being, like libraries across the world, but we’re still working to help researchers access the materials that they need, whether that’s books, journal articles, databases or online tutorials.
Senate House Library A-Z Databases (NB subscription resources for University of London only) the best library databases for your research (for SHL card holders)
Institute of Classical Studies Library Open Access the COVID-19 pandemic, more publishers and institutions are making research material available online. We've compiled a growing list of resources for you to use at home during self-isolation.
Warburg Institute of resources that can be accessed when the library is closed.


Secondary Works

You will be familiar with the eBooks and other resources made available by your own institution's library. There will be guides to these on the library website, perhaps along with a special guide prepared for the current situation.

Many eBook and online journal providers are extending the amount of materials available at this time, so if you have not found what you needed in the past, it may be worth checking now. Your librarian many need to arrange a trial or access. Jisc has coordinated a list of suppliers now offering extended access.

Some libraries, such as the Bodleian History Faculty Library, have provided useful guides and lists of tips for locating open access and other online texts, such as making use of the Internet Archive's National Emergency Library.

Preprints and other open access collections can be also found in institutional repositories. A list of UK repositories can be found at Sherpa.

Catalogues, Bibliographies and Guides

Clio-online Clio-online Web-Directory outlines databases and websites for historical research.
IHR Library list of online free and subscription resources, with access details
Free online history 1,000 free online resources listed by the Bodleian History Faculty Library
International Council of Archives 'The Archives are Accessible' enable the archives and records community to tell ICA what they are doing and what is accessible, we have developed a digital map where you can share information about an online exhibition, digital catalogue, specific digital collections or a crowd-sourcing project that people can do while they are #StayHome.
Endangered Archives than 400 projects in 90 countries worldwide, in over 100 languages and scripts.
Open Education Database '250+ Killer Digital Libraries' list contains over 250 libraries and archives that focus mainly on localized, regional, and U.S. history, but it also includes larger collections, eText and eBook repositories, and a short list of directories to help you continue your research efforts.
Hazine: a guide to researching the middle east and Archives, Digitized Collections and Resources for Middle East, North African, and Islamic(ate) Studies
European History Primary Sourcesprimary-sources.eui.euWhile not claiming to be complete, EHPS contains the major national digital libraries and many smaller series of e-sources and smaller digitization projects in Europe. It thus reflects to a considerable extent the current state of digitization of historical source materials in Europe, as well as those digitized outside Europe pertaining to its history.
Rechtshistorie: A gateway to legal extensive international list of archival resources.
History Online archive of the IHR's list of online projects; some links may no longer be current. of rural and agricultural history
Radical Online Collections and Archives (New Historical Express) to access radical literature from around the world

Medieval Resources for Researchers

Primary and secondary resources covering all aspects of medieval studies to help medievalists connect with each other, develop their research, and find opportunities to present and share their ideas.

Vast Early America (Omohundro Institute) we all shift to reliance on online materials learning and teaching - and just for exploring - the vast early American past, the OI thought it would be useful to start a central resource. These started with resources from some of our institutional partners and scholars we have worked with, but will also include organizations and scholars we’re just learning about. Please let us know if we can add yours.
Bibliographical Society of Instruction Resources: Digital Repositories for Book History Teaching, Research, & More
@RWLDprojectGoogle DocTransport and mobility history digital sources (crowdsourced)
European Association for Digital to digital humanities projects and databases
Early Modern France (Dr Sara Barker's blog)

Online resources for sixteenth and seventeenth-century French history – museums, châteaux and institutions

@Tom_Hamilton_Early Modern SourcesAimed primarily at students
@HistorianRemoteTwitter streamExploring online and digital resources for history in Higher Education. Distance learning, remote research and accessibility. Run by


Pinakes catalogue of Greek manuscripts from around the world.


Thread on Medical HistorySuggestions and call for contributions of archives and other resources for student projects in the history of medicine.


The National records available on our website free of charge for as long as our Kew site is closed to visitors. See list of collections available.
Archives Portal Europewww.archivesportaleurope.netThe Archives Portal Europe provides access to information on archival material from different European countries as well as information on archival institutions throughout the continent.
Europeanaeuropeana.euDiscover inspiring cultural heritage from European museums, galleries, libraries and archives.
Digital Public Library of Americadp.laDiscover 36,918,180 images, texts, videos, and sounds from across the United States.
WorldCatwww.worldcat.orgWorldCat is the world's largest network of library content and services. WorldCat libraries are dedicated to providing access to their resources on the Web, where most people start their search for information.
Library Hub

Welcome to Library Hub Discover, giving you access to details of materials held in many UK national, academic and specialist libraries. Library Hub Discover currently contains 45,647,877 records created from 118,128,539 records contributed by 158 institutions.

Archives the Archives Hub to find unique sources for your research, both physical and digital. Search across descriptions of archives, held at over 350 institutions across the UK.
The National Archives records held by The National Archives and more than 2,500 other archives.
Trove (Australia) personal and organisational archives, including diaries, manuscripts, letters, business records, photographs, posters, pamphlets, ephemera ...
Aim25aim25.comArchives held within the M25 motorway (e.g. London)
Arkhivy Rossii [Портал Архивы России] is the portal for all the Russian state archives, both central and regional. 


Online Book Collections

Bibliographical Society of America have produced an extensive guide to online resources and digital repositories, which should be your first port of call. 

Digital Collections


British Library Digitised this website to view digitised copies of manuscripts and archives in the British Library’s collections, with descriptions of their contents.
British Library digital other digital collections. A large corpus is available via Google Books and the former Microsoft Books Project.
Digital Library of the Caribbeandloc.comThe Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) is a cooperative digital library for resources from and about the Caribbean and circum-Caribbean.
Library of Congress digital vast range of digitised materials.
Vatican Library digital collections is a digital library service. It provides free access to the Vatican Library’s digitized collections: manuscripts, incunabula, archival materials and inventories as well as graphic materials, coins and medals, printed materials (special projects).
Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB)www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.deThe goal of the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (DDB) is to offer everyone unrestricted access to Germany’s cultural and scientific heritage, that is, access to millions of books, archived items, images, sculptures, pieces of music and other sound documents, as well as films and scores, from all over Germany.
BNF Gallicagallica.bnf.frNearly 4 million digitised items from the French national library.

Biblioteca de Catalunya (Memòria digital de Catalunya)

Digitised document collection from the Biblioteca de Catalunya.

National Library of to a wide range of collections from across Australia
National Library of New Zealand, magazines, letters and diaries, and political papers, including Maori materials
Qatar Digital 
National Digital Library of 


Beinecke Digital 
British History Online (IHR) together material for British history from the collections of libraries, archives, museums and academics. These primary and secondary sources, which range from medieval to twentieth century.
John Carter Brown Library Digital resolution images from the Library's archive of early American images, map collection, and political cartoon collection are available through Luna. Scans of over 10,000 full books are available through Internet Archive.
The Morgan Library Digital and historical highspots, including the complete MSS of Anne Brontë and Newton's pocket notebook
Cornell University Digital Collections a wide range of archival sources on various themes, including US history, East Asian studies, slavery, race, art and architecture, travel narratives
Manchester Digital new resource for exploring high-quality images of cultural collections and research projects at The University of Manchester, including Peterloo materials. See also
Newberry the Newberry through online collections, exhibitions, and publications.
Cambridge Digital Library the Newton Papers and Sassoon Journals.
Digital Bodleian of manuscripts, rare books, maps, archives and ephemera from the Bodleian Libraries and Oxford college libraries.
Huntington Digital Libraryhdl.huntington.orgIncludes the Jay T. Last Collection of Graphic Arts and Social History
SOAS Digital Collections Archives & Special Collections at the SOAS Library specialises in the collection of archives, manuscripts, and rare books relating to Africa, Asia, the Middle East and beyond. 
LSE Digital material from the London School of Economics Library collections and also born-digital material that has been collected and preserved in digital formats.
Flickr Commons

Photographs from cultural institutions around the world
Harvard Digital Digital Collections provides free, public access to over 6 million objects digitized from our collections - from ancient art to modern manuscripts and audio visual materials.
Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America access to a number of portals for digitized collections. These include Susan B. Anthony, Beecher-Stowe Family, Blackwell Family, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Inez Milholland, Alice Paul, and Dorothy West
Wikimedia collection of 60,564,134 freely usable media files
Wellcome Digital Library's digital collections cover a wide variety of topics, including asylums, food, sex and sexual health, genetics, public health and war.
Biodiversity Heritage Library Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
Center for Research Libraries has taken measures to allow greater access to portions of its restricted content to support global research and teaching in view of the current circumstances.

Somni: Coŀlecció digital de fons històric

Digitised sources from the Biblioteca Universitaria, Valencia.

Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana collection of digitised manuscripts from the BML, Florence.


London Metropolitan Archives Ancestry Ancestry collections available online for Family History Fortnight, 18-31 May 2020 records held by National Archives and Records Administration (USA) registration required for special free access arranged by NARA and
ARCHIM (France)

Archives nationales digitised materials
St Petersburg Archivesspbarchives.ruThe portal for all the state archives in St Petersburg. Until at least 30 April 2020, it is offering access to digitised content that is usually paywalled, including over quarter of a million images from TSGAKFFD (The Central State Archive of Film, Photographic and Sound Documents)
The National Archives (UK) access to some digitised materials
SODA (Australia) 


Late Antiquity

Bibliotheca Palatina - Digital Palatina – digital: A Virtual Reconstruction of the Former Crown Jewel of Germany's Libraries.
A Digital Corpus for Graeco-Arabic Studies Digital Corpus assembles a wide range of Greek texts and their Arabic counterparts. It also includes a number of Arabic commentaries and important secondary sources. The texts in the corpus can be consulted individually or side by side with their translation.




Includes The Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources. 

Anglo-Norman Dictionary 


Bosworth-Toller Anglo-Saxon Dictionary 


Dictionary of Welsh Biography 


Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 

May be available through academic or public library subscriptions 

The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England 

Structured information relating to all the recorded inhabitants of England from the late sixth to the late eleventh century.. based on a systematic examination of the available written sources for the period. 

England’s Immigrants 1330-1550 

A fully-searchable database containing over 64,000 names of people known to have migrated to England in this period. 

History of Parliament 


Victoria County History 

Full text of many of the volumes available on British History Online


Archaeological Data Service Library 

Includes British and Irish Archaeological Bibliography.


These are a sample of many collections from around the world.

Vatican Library digital collections 

FranceArchives: Portail National des Archives 


Wellcome Medieval manuscripts 


British Museum collection 



Digital library of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. 

British Library manuscripts 

Can filter by date 

Digital Bodleian 



Archives Portal Europe 


Metropolitan Museum of Art collections 


Endangered Archives Programme 


Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana 

These include digital editions of sources and compilations of sources.

Anglo-American Legal Tradition

Over 9 million images of manuscripts held at the National Archives UK, spanning 1176 to the end of Queen Victoria's reign; of broader interest than purely legal history

British History Online 

Many sources for British history, can be filtered by period. Examples include Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae, Inquisitions Post Mortem, Calendar of Close Rolls, Calendar of Patent Rolls, Calendar of Papal Registers, Parliament Rolls of Medieval England and many local history resources. 

The Electronic Sawyer: Online catalogue of Anglo-Saxon charters 


Scripta: Database of Norman Medieval documents 

A large corpus of medieval Norman charters dating from the 10th to the 13th Century.

Exon: The Domesday Survey of South-West England


Henry III Fine Rolls Project 


Inquisitions post mortem: Mapping the Medieval Countryside: Properties, Places & People


Monumenta Germaniae Historica 


Regesta Imperii 


York's Archbishops Registers Revealed 

Free access to over 20,000 images of Registers produced by the Archbishops of York, 1225-1650.

Epistolae: Medieval Women's Letters 


Free online resource from Columbia University. Collection of medieval Latin letters to and from women, with English translation. C4th to C13th. 

English Medieval Legal Documents Database 

A Compilation of Published Sources from 600 to 1535 from the University of Southern California Gould School of Law. 

EuroDocs: Online Sources for European History 

From Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University.

Gascon Rolls project

Records relating to the English administration of Gascony in the late middle ages (1317-1467). Includes translations of most if not all of the rolls.

Internet Medieval Sourcebook 

Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies

Archivio digitale della cultura medievale 

Temporarily free.

UK National Historic Environment records 

EnglandScotlandWalesNorthern Ireland 


Historic England Archive 


Gatehouse: A comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales and the Islands. 

A comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales and the Islands. 

The Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture 



Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources


English place-names 


English medieval coins 


Portable Antiquities Scheme database 


Pipe roll society 

Publishes editions of the pipe rolls of the Exchequer and related medieval documents.

Haskins Society 

Western Europe and its encounters with the larger medieval world in the early and central middle ages. Website includes documents and other resources. 

Canterbury and York Society 

Publishes editions of English medieval ecclesiastical records.

Henry Bradshaw Society

Promotes the study of medieval and early modern liturgies.

Richard III Society 

Promoting research into the life and times of Richard III.

Selden Society 

English legal history. 

Early Modern

Archives Portal Europe  

The Archives Portal Europe provides access to information on archival material from different European countries as well as information on archival institutions throughout the continent.

Directory of Open Access Books 

A discovery service for Open Access books. 

Directory of Open Access Journals 

DOAJ is a community-curated online directory that indexes and provides access to high quality, open access, peer-reviewed journals. 

Early Modern Resources 

Early Modern Resources is a research portal for the early modern period (c.1500-1800 CE).


EThOS is the UK’s national thesis service which aims to maximise the visibility and availability of the UK’s doctoral research theses. 

Open Access Publishing in European Networks 

The OAPEN Library contains freely accessible academic books, mainly in the area of humanities and social sciences. 

SAS Space  

SAS-Space is an online library for humanities research outputs, providing a permanent archive for scholars and researchers. 

Bloomsbury Academic Bloomsbury Academic's open access content.


Search Brill’s current open access content. 

UCL Press  

Listed is the UCL Press’s current OA history content. 

University of London Press: Humanities Digital Library  

The Humanities Digital Library is the open access library and catalogue for books published by the University of London Press at the School of Advanced Study. 

1641 Irish Depositions 

Fully searchable digital edition of the 1641 Depositions at Trinity College Dublin Library. 

Anglo-American Legal Tradition

Over 9 million images of manuscripts held at the National Archives UK, spanning 1176 to the end of Queen Victoria's reign; of broader interest than purely legal history

Bess of Harwick’s Letters 

Bess of Harwick’s correspondence from c. 1550-1608. 

British History Online 

Entire content free to all users to 31 July 2020. 

British Printed Images to 1700 

This website, funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, makes available a database of thousands of prints and book illustrations from early modern Britain in fully-searchable form. 

Broadside Ballads Online 

Broadside Ballads Online presents a digital collection of English printed ballad-sheets from between the 16th and 20th centuries. 

Casebooks Project (Simon Forman and Richard Napier) 

Digitised casebooks of two late Tudor/early Stuart physician-astrologers. 

Civil War Petitions 

Database containing petitions to the state from veterans and their families for welfare payments as a result of injuries and bereavement sustained during the English Civil Wars. 

Clergy of the Church of England database (1540-1835) 

Biographical database of Anglican clergy to the early 19th century. 

Connected Historieswww.connectedhistories.orgConnected Histories brings together a range of digital resources related to early modern and nineteenth century Britain with a single federated search that allows sophisticated searching of names, places and dates.

Court depositions of South-West England, 1500-1700

A digital edition of 80 fully transcribed depositions relating to 20 cases heard in the church courts and Quarter Sessions between 1556 and 1694 across Devon, Hampshire, Somerset and Wiltshire.

Digital Cavendish 

Provides digital editions of the works of Margaret Cavendish. 

Early English Books Online: Text Creation Partnership 

EEBO-TCP is a partnership with ProQuest and with more than 150 libraries to generate highly accurate, fully-searchable, SGML/XML-encoded texts corresponding to books from the Early English Books Online database. 

Early Modern Manuscripts Online 

Database provides transcriptions, metadata and images of manuscripts from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. 

Early Modern Women Research Network  

The digital archive of the EMWRN presents online editions of women’s writing that circulated in a variety of forms in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. 

Early Stuart Libels 

A web-based edition of early seventeenth-century political poetry. It brings into the public domain over 350 poems, many of which have never before been published. 

Eighteenth Century Collections Online: Text Creation Partnership 

ECCO-TCP resulted from a partnership with Gale to produce highly accurate, fully-searchable, SGML/XML-encoded texts from among the 150,000 titles available in Gale’s ECCO database. 

English Broadside Ballad Archive 

Making broadside ballads of the seventeenth 
century fully accessible as texts, art, music, and cultural records. 

Founders Online founders.archives.govSearchable transcripts of correspondence and other writings by George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams (and family), Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison; includes visits to Britain

Hearth Tax Digital 

Hearth Tax Digital is a platform for the publication and dissemination of research and analysis on hearth tax records and other associated documents. 

Letters of Elizabeth Montagu, 1730s-1780s 

The letters can be downloaded as txt and xml files, and they can be browsed and read on this site. 

Lewis Searchable transcripts of 48 volumes of Horace Walpole's correspondence, plus other items related to the Walpole family.

London Lives 1690-1800: crime, poverty and social policy in the metropolis 

A fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names. 

Manuscript Pamphleteering in early Stuart England 

Only provides pdfs and transcriptions from selected manuscripts. 

The Newton Project 

The Newton Project is a non-profit organization dedicated to publishing in full an online edition of all of Sir Isaac Newton’s (1642–1727) writings - whether they were printed or not. 

Plantations in Ulster, 1600-41: a collection of documents

A colection of documents edited by R. J. Hunter

Proceedings of the Old Bailey online 1674-1913 

A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. 

Records of London’s Livery Companies online: apprentices and freemen 1400-1900  

The aim of ROLLCO is to provide a fully searchable database of Livery Company membership over time. 

Records of the Scottish Parliament to 1707  

A fully searchable database containing the proceedings of the Scottish parliament from the first surviving act of 1235 to the union of 1707.

Runaway Slaves in Britain 

The Runaway Slaves in Eighteenth-Century Britain project has created a searchable database of well over eight hundred newspaper advertisements placed by masters and owners seeking the capture and return of enslaved and bound people who had escaped. 

Who Were the Nuns?A Prosopographical study of the English Convents in exile database contains details of 3900 nuns who entered 23 convents and the Mary Ward Institute during the period 1600 to 1800.

Work diaries of Robert Boyle  

From this site you can view images and transcripts of the work diaries, search the workdiary texts, and access reference resources on places, people and books. 

Bibliothèque Bleue de Troyes  

Online collection of 252 chapbooks from the 16th to 18th centuries.

Briefwisseling van Willem van Oranje 

Searchable database of William of Orange’s correspondence with pdf images of the manuscript letters. 

Circulation of knowledge and learned practices in the 17th century Dutch Republic  

The CKCC project built a web application called ePistolarium. With this researchers can browse and analyze around 20,000 letters that were written by and sent to 17th century scholars who lived in the Dutch Republic.  

The Electronic Capito Project 

The purpose of the Electronic Capito Project is to provide the text of letters from and to Wolfgang Capito which are either unpublished or have been published before 1850 and are therefore difficult to access. 

Esclavos en Aragón (siglos XV a XVII)

Collection of documents, pages 69-240.

French Revolution Digital Archivefrda.stanford.eduThe French Revolution Digital Archive (FRDA) is a multi-year collaboration of the Stanford University Libraries and the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) to produce a digital version of the key research sources of the French Revolution and make them available to the international scholarly community. The archive is based around two main resources, the Archives parlementaires and a vast corpus of images first brought together in 1989 and known as the Images de la Revolution française.

Hortus Nitidissimis 

Online editions of Christoph Trew’s 18th century work on botany. 

Letters of Philip II, King of Spain 1592-1597 

Online collection of letters from the last decade of Philip II’s reign. 

The Montaigne Project 

Digital edition of Montaigne’s Essays. 

Montesquieu - De l'esprit des Lois

An English translation by Philip Stewart hosted on the site of the Société Montesquieu.

Montesquieu - Lettres Persanes

An English translation by Philip Stewart hosted on the site of the Société Montesquieu.

Münchner Digitalisierungs Zentrum: Digitale Bibliothek   

Provides access to a wide variety of collections, including incunabula and sources mainly concerned with German and Bavarian history. 

Post-Reformation Digital Library 

PRDL is a select database of digital books relating to the development of theology and philosophy during the Reformation and Post-Reformation/Early Modern Era. 

Rousseau Online  

A full-text, fully-searchable online edition of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's writings. Included are all of Rousseau's works as published in the Collection complète des Œuvres de Jean-Jacques Rousseau by Du Peyrou and Moultou in Geneva (1782-1789). 

Sfondrati Family Papers 

Contains legal documents, land records, and family papers related to the Sfondrati and associated families in northern Italy between 1494 to c. 1900. 

Tout d’Holbach  

An on-going project which aims to bring together fully searchable transcriptions of the vast majority of d’Holbach’s works.


Database of Ottoman documents (from 1579 to 1821) in the Kaireios Library of the Greek island of Andros. The database offers direct access to facsimiles of the original documents as well as the possibility to search the documents for specific words and phrases. 

Database of Ottoman Inscriptions 

The Database of Ottoman Inscriptions (DOI) is searchable digital database comprising information about, as well as transliterations and pictures of, all the Turkish, Arabic and Persian architectural inscriptions created in the Ottoman lands during Ottoman times. 

Digital Persian Archive  

An image database of Persian historical documents from Iran and Central Asia. 

Hyde Books Projecthttp://hydebooks.njit.eduudicial Notebooks of John Hyde and Sir Robert Chambers, 1774-1798, are a unique source of primary historical information for the early years of the Supreme Court and life in India.

National Digital Library of India  

To access you will need to create a user account. 

Qatar Digital Library  

An extensive archive of digitised books and manuscripts covering the history of the Middle East from the pre-Islamic period to the present. 

Chinese Text Project open access collection of pre-modern Chinese texts

Korean History Online  

Site houses a selection of digitised books and manuscripts. 

Ming-Qing Women’s Writings  


Adams Family Papers 


Archives of Maryland Online 


Digital Quaker Collection 


Early Americas Digital Archive 


The Plymouth Colony Archive Project 


Probing the Past: Virginia and Maryland probate inventories 


Freedom on the Movehttps://freedomonthemove.orgA database of fugitives from American Slavery
Georgetown Slavery Archivehttp://slaveryarchive.georgetown.eduA repository of materials relating to the Maryland Jesuits, Georgetown University, and slavery.
Marronnage in Saint-Domingue site devoted to fugitive slaves in Saint-Domingue (Haiti).
Runaway Slaves in Britain searchable database of over 800 newspaper reports

Slave Voyages  

Comprises of a number of databases concerning the Atlantic slave trade between the 16th and 19th centuries. 

Massachusetts Historical Society Adams Family and Thomas Jefferson MSS.
Founders Online Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams (and family), Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison. Over 183,000 searchable documents, fully annotated, from the authoritative Founding Fathers Papers projects.
Vast Early America Resources 
Women Writers Online Writers Online is a full-text collection of early women’s writing in English, published by the Women Writers Project at Northeastern University. It includes full transcriptions of texts published between 1526 and 1850, focusing on materials that are rare or inaccessible.
Women Writers in Review Writers in Review is a collection of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century reviews, publication notices, literary histories, and other texts responding to works by early women writers. 
Early Caribbean Digital Archive ECDA has two primary related, overarching goals: the first is to uncover and make accessible a literary history of the Caribbean written or related by black, enslaved, Creole, indigenous, and/or colonized people. Although the first step in this process is digitization, the ECDA is more than a digitization or cataloging initiative. Rather, we aim to enable users—both scholars of the Caribbean as well as students—to understand the colonial nature of the archive and to use the digital archive as a site of revision and remix for exploring ways to decolonize the archive.

Early Modern Culture Online 


Early Modern Digital Review 


Modern and Contemporary

Anglo-American Legal 9 million images of manuscripts held at the National Archives UK, spanning 1176 to the end of Queen Victoria's reign; contains more than purely legal history
Britain At Work/ related to memories of people at work between 1945-1995
British History 
Britain and UK handbooks 
British Political Speechwww.britishpoliticalspeech.orgTexts of speeches given by Conservative, Labour and Liberal/Liberal Democrat Party leaders going back to 1895.
Charles Booth's London (LSE) Booth's London enables you to search the catalogue of over 450 original notebooks from the Inquiry into Life and Labour in London (1886-1903), view 41 digitised notebooks and explore the London poverty maps.

The 19th-Century Concord Digital Archive (CDA) 


Chinese Pamphlets: Political Communication & Mass Education, picture books, and other propaganda issued during the early years of the People’s Republic between 1947 and 1954. This is the “street literature” of the revolution: comic books, leaflets, and other ephemera distributed to the general population of provincial cities and villages.
Commonwealth War Graves Commission Archive Efiles

The CWGC's enquiry files (Efiles) are part of a collection of nearly 3,000 files which have never been made available to the public before. Nearly half have been digitised so far, alongside a previously unreleased collection of more than 16,000 photographs held in negatives in the Commission’s archive.


Connected Histories brings together a range of digital resources related to early modern and nineteenth century Britain with a single federated search that allows sophisticated searching of names, places and dates.

Digital South Asia Library Digital South Asia Library provides digital materials for reference and research on South Asia, including books and journals, full-text dictionaries, bibliographies, images, maps, and statistical information from the colonial period through the present.
Digital Transgender Archive purpose of the Digital Transgender Archive (DTA) is to increase the accessibility of transgender history by providing an online hub for digitized historical materials, born-digital materials, and information on archival holdings throughout the world. 
Dziennik Zwiazkowy first ten years (1908–17) of Dziennik Zwiazkowy, founded in Chicago in 1908 by the Polish National Alliance. Representing local, national, and international issues of concern to the Polish community, the paper continues today as the Polish Daily News.

In Her Own Right: Women Asserting Their Civil Rights, 1820-1920

Showcases Philadelphia-area collections highlighting women’s struggle leading to the passage of the 19th Amendment. 

Europeana 1914-1918

The First World War thematic collection gathers the untold stories and official histories of World War I, in a unique blend of cultural heritage collections and personal items contributed by European citizens. 

French Revolution Digital Archivefrda.stanford.eduThe French Revolution Digital Archive (FRDA) is a multi-year collaboration of the Stanford University Libraries and the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) to produce a digital version of the key research sources of the French Revolution and make them available to the international scholarly community. The archive is based around two main resources, the Archives parlementaires and a vast corpus of images first brought together in 1989 and known as the Images de la Revolution française.
Pamphlets and Periodicals of the French Revolution of 1848 and periodicals from the French Revolution of 1848 held by the Center for Research Libraries.
Founders and Survivorswww.foundersandsurvivors.orgFounders & Survivors is a partnership between historians, genealogists, demographers and population health researchers. It seeks to record and study the founding population of 73,000 men women and children who were transported to Tasmania.
Forward to Freedomwww.aamarchives.orgA history and materials related to the British anti-apartheid movement 1959-1995
Imperial War Museum around 800,000 items that tell the story of modern war and conflict, collected by the museum since 1917.

Independent Voices

An open access digital collection of alternative press newspapers, magazines and journals, drawn from the special collections of participating libraries. These periodicals were produced by feminists, dissident GIs, campus radicals, Native Americans, anti-war activists, Black Power advocates, Hispanics, LGBT activists, the extreme right-wing press and alternative literary magazines during the latter half of the 20th century.

A Journal of the Plague Year: an archive of Covid 19covid19.omeka.netJoin us in documenting our uncertain moment. We are acting not just as historians, but as chroniclers, recorders, memoirists, as image collectors. We invite you to share your experience and impressions of how CoVid19 has affected our lives, from the mundane to the extraordinary, including the ways things haven't changed at all.
LSE Economic History Digital access to some recent digitisation of UK statistical publications on an open government license
South Asian American Digital Archive 4,000 items reflecting the lives of South Asian Americans.

The Palestinian Digital Archive

Illuminates over 200 years of the Palestinian narrative for posterity and those interested in Palestinian history wherever they happen to be with a collection nearing 70,000 endangered objects ranging from photographs and documents to artworks and posters.

Livingstone Online: illuminating imperial exploration Online is a digital museum and library that allows users to encounter the written, visual, and material legacies of the famous Victorian explorer David Livingstone (1813-73).  

Making the History of 1989

 A substantial collection of high quality primary sources; a set of multimedia interviews that make visible the processes by which historians transform events and sources into historical narratives.

Mass Observation Project (MOP) Database provides potential users of the MOP archive with information about the biographical/demographic characteristics and writing behaviours of individual Mass Observation Project writers
The Mexican Intelligence Digital Archives (MIDAS), the Mexican Intelligence Digital Archives (los Archivos del Autoritarismo Mexicano), is a crowd-sourced, public access digital archive of historical documents from Mexican intelligence agencies. 
Official Gazettes and Civil Society Information collection of official gazettes and other key historical government documentation from countries where the integrity of the public record is known to be at risk.
Old Bailey Onlinewww.oldbaileyonline.orgA fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court
Slavery and Manumission Manuscripts of Timbuktu nineteenth-century manuscripts relating to slavery and manumission in Timbuktu provide documentation on Africans in slavery in Muslim societies. From the Bibliothèque Commémorative Mama Haidara in Timbuktu, Mali.

Spare Rib Project

Explore digitised images from this ground-breaking feminist 20th-century magazine.

Union Makes Us Strongwww.unionhistory.infoIncludes the MS of The RaggedTrousered Philanthropists

Queen Victoria's Scrapbook 


William Godwin's edition of the diary of William Godwin (1756-1836)
University of Southampton Special Collections Duke of Wellington and Palmerston
Wilson Centredigitalarchive.wilsoncenter.orgThe Digital Archive contains once-secret documents from governments all across the globe, uncovering new sources and providing fresh insights into the history of international relations and diplomacy. 
Windrush Stories 60 digitised items
Women Writers in Review Writers in Review is a collection of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century reviews, publication notices, literary histories, and other texts responding to works by early women writers.
Digital Archive of the Guatemalan National Police Historical Archive site currently includes over 10 million scanned images of documents from the National Police Historical Archive. This digital archive mirrors and extends the physical archive that remains preserved in Guatemala as an important historical patrimony of the Guatemalan people.
Eastview Information access to Pravda and other Russian and Chinese publications until 31 July 2020 (registration required)
US Government Printing of how to access US Gov. Printing Office materials via
NATO Archives Online the first 10 years of the Alliance’s history through the Committee documents of the North Atlantic Council and its sub-committees, the Military Committee and its working groups, as well as a complete collection of NATO Publications.
CIA Freedom of Information Reading Room UFOs fascinate you? Are you a history buff who wants to learn more about the Bay of Pigs, Vietnam or the A-12 Oxcart?  
League of Nations Digital Archive to the League of Nations Archives Project (LONTAD) will ensure state-of-the-art free online access and the digital and physical preservation of approximately 15 million pages, or almost three linear kilometres, the entirety of the archives of the League of Nations (1920-1946). is a “substantially verbatim” report of what is said in Parliament. Members’ words are recorded, and then edited to remove repetitions and obvious mistakes, albeit without taking away from the meaning of what is said. Hansard also reports decisions taken during a sitting and records how Members voted to reach those decisions in Divisions.
UK Legislation 1267-2020
Text of British and English parliamentary legislation


Darwin Correspondence 


Garden History

Biodiversity Heritage Library

Digitised copies of books, journals and papers from a consortium of natural history libraries. Search by author, title or date of publication.

Catena: digital archive of historic gardens and landscapes

The primary mission of Catena, the Digital Archive of Historic Gardens and Landscapes, is to fill a void in American higher education by assembling a searchable collection of historic and contemporary images that include plans, engravings, paintings, and photographs.

Historic England Archaeological Research Reports

Many archaeological reports available to download here.


Blomfield, Reginald. The formal garden in England 

Brown, Capability. Account Book 

Evelyn, John. Sylva; or, A discourse of forest-trees and the propagation of timer. 

Furber, Robert. A short introduction to gardening. 

Hill, Thomas. The gardeners labyrinth 

Jekyll, Gertrude. Colour in the flower garden. 

Marshall, Charles. An introduction to the knowledge and practice of gardening 

Meager, Leonard. The English gardener, or, A sure guide to young planters and gardeners 

Rea, John. Flora: seu, do florum cultura. Or a complete florilege 

Repton, Humphry. Observations on the theory and practice of landscape gardening 



Parks and Gardens

Extensive database of British and Irish parks and gardens browsable by name, area, period, heritage organisation, etc. Includes former parks and gardens which have now been lost.

Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest

The National Heritage List for England is the only official and up to date database of all nationally protected historic buildings and sites in England. Search by place, post code or listing number, or use the advanced search for more options.


Medieval Gardens to c. 1400  

Albertus Magnus. De Vegetabilibus

Pdf of the Latin text.

Capitulare des Villis

This decree issued by Charlemage towards the end of the 8th century describes, in an idealised form, the management of royal estates.


Volume 1.

Volume 2.

10th cenury compilation of earlier Byzantine works on agriculture, gardening and botany.

Plan of St. Gall

The Plan of St. Gall is the earliest preserved and most extraordinary visualization of a building complex produced in the Middle Ages. Drawn and annotated on five pieces of parchment sewn together, the St. Gall Plan is 112 cm x 77.5 cm and includes the ground plans of some forty structures as well as gardens, fences, walls, a road, and an orchard.

Strabo, Walafrid. Hortulus

Digital edition with facing English translation of Walafrid Strabo's 9th century poem describing his monastic garden at Reichenau.

Gardens from c. 1400-c. 1700  

Alberti, Leon Battista. De Re Aedificatoria

Digitised copy published in 1485 of Alberti's treatise on the ideal villa and garden.

Bacon, Francis. On Gardens

1902 edition of Bacon's essay.

Hill, Thomas. The Profitable Art of Gardening

1579 edition.

Palladio, Andrea. I Quattro Libri dell'Architettura.

Although one of the most influential works on western architecture it also considers garden design.

Local History

Integrated Census Microdata 


This purpose-built system can be used to filter the database of over 180 million census records for censuses between 1851 and 1911 based on 20 key variables, then download the resulting data table of individual census records with 100+ variables per record. Note that the county breakdown is for the ‘census’ county and that some communities may not be in the county expected. Especially useful is the availability of occupation data, a great boon for work on economic and social history. 

The Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure 


Population research, techniques and datasets.

A Vision of Britain through Time 


Population and other statistic with boundaries of parishes and local government units. 

National Library of Scotland Maps 


Home of open access historic mapping from the Ordnance Survey and others with lots of interpretative tools. 

Know Your Place West 


Coverage of the counties of Somerset, Gloucestershire, Bristol, Wiltshire and Devon (and the unitary authorities in ‘CUBA’ – Counties that Used to Be Avon: North Somerset, Bath and North East Somerset and South Gloucestershire) including, for most of the area, georectified Tithe Maps, with overlays of OS and other mapping with information from various local authority and personal local history data interposed. 

Magic Map (DEFRA) 


DEFRA-produced map based on modern OS data with local authority boundaries, aerial photographs, landscape typology and land use. More accurate than Google mapping and can be printed out for use with fieldwork, etc. 

Layers of London 

Layered historical mapping and associated collections for all of London’s 36 boroughs (many formerly parts of Kent, Middlesex, Surrey, Hertfordshire and Essex).

Grace’s Guide 


Grace’s Guide is a free-content not-for-profit project dedicated to publishing the history of industry in the UK and elsewhere. Includes trade journals. 

Commercial Motor Magazine Archive 

A useful free resource providing detail of the road transport industry both passenger and freight. 

Railway Work, Life and Death project 

Dataset and analysis of railway worker accidents in Britain and Ireland from the late 1880s to 1939. We’re providing data about who was involved, what they were doing on the railways, what happened to them and why. 

England’s Immigrants 


A fully-searchable database containing over 64,000 names of people known to have migrated to England during the period of the Hundred Years’ War and the Black Death, the Wars of the Roses and the Reformation. 

Legacies of British Slave Ownership 


Includes data recording compensation paid to slave owners in Britain. 

Medieval Genealogy 


Does far more than the name suggests, including links to online sources, guides to what they contain and primary documents in translation. 

British Association for Local History (BALH) 


Back issues of their excellent journal, The Local Historian, more than three years old are available for free online. They also publish a [printed] guide to internet sources for local historians. 

Library of Rural and Agricultural Literature
Over 700 items. Password available on application

Atlas of Hillforts in Great Britain and Ireland 


Includes 4,147 sites across England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland (1,224 in England). For each site details of archaeological investigation, secondary literature (including early editions of the VCH, with correct page references) are provided. 

Society for all British and Irish Road Enthusiasts (SABRE) 


Changes to roads and classifications of them assembled by SABRE are invaluable: useful Wiki with dates of construction, opening and closure with bypass schemes, junctions and other details. 

Archaeology Data Service 


Historic England National List 

Interrogate Historic  England's database of designation and listing descriptions, along with crowdsourced images.

Extensive Urban Surveys (EUS)

The Extensive Urban Surveys (EUS) project is part of a national programme of surveys of the archaeology, topography and historic buildings of England’s historic towns and cities, supported by English Heritage

Scottish Post Office Directories

Over 700 digitised directories covering most of Scotland and dating from 1773 to 1911 are available here for you to use.


LGBTQ+ History

Digital Transgender Archive

The purpose of the Digital Transgender Archive (DTA) is to increase the accessibility of transgender history by providing an online hub for digitized historical materials, born-digital materials, and information on archival holdings throughout the world.

LGBT Religious Archives Network: Oral Histories

This page provides in-depth interviews with more than 40 early leaders of LGBTQ+ religious movements.


Gay Liberation Front Manifesto (rev. ed. 1978)

Transcribed text of the 1978 edition.

Homosexuality in 18th century England: a sourcebook

Compiled by Rictor Norton

Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals (Online Exhibition)

Online exhibition curated by the United State Holocaust Memorial Museum.


Archives of Lesbian Oral Testimony

The Archives of Lesbian Oral Testimony collects and makes available the oral histories of people who presently or at one time identified as same-sex and same-gender attracted women.

Bay Area Reporter

Selected issues (1514 items) of the Bay Area Reporter hosted on from 1971 to 2005.

Black Light Online

Includes selected articles from the Black Light publication.

FBI Documents 1953-1956: Mattacine Society 

FBI Documents 1971-1976: Gay Activist Alliance 

GLBT Historical Society Online Collections

Digitised library of sources from the GLBT Historical Society, San Francisco.

Lesbian Herstory Archive Photographic Collection

The Lesbian Herstory Archives in New York is home to the largest collections of materials about lesbians in the world. Our photo collection, which we are now starting to digitize, holds tens of thousands of images, and reflects the growth of the Archives since 1974. Many of the 664 items showcased here came to us from women who simply wanted their images saved, their lives remembered. The collection holds snapshots, professional photography, found images and everything in between.

ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives: Digitised Collections

ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives is the oldest active Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Questioning (LGBTQ) organization in the United States and the largest repository of LGBTQ materials in the world. A small subset of this material has been digitized and is available online.

Stonewall and its impact of the Gay Liberation Movement

Handful of sources (written, visual and audio)

University of Minnesota Trans, Non-Binary and Gender Fluid Oral History Archive 


ACT UP and the Aids Crisis

Small collection of written and visual sources.

AIDS Posters: Wellcome Collection

Over 3000 digitised public health posters relating to AIDS, from 99 countries, are freely available to view and download.

Oral Histories of the AIDS epidemic in San Francisco 


Rural and Agricultural History

Digital Archive of Tamil Agrarian History

Digital archive part of the British Library's Endangered Archive Project.

Indian Famine Commission Report 1880

Part 1 -

Part 2 -


Mahalanobis, P. C. The Bengal Famine

Digital Reprint of a short article published in 1946.

Planters' Association of Ceylon Publications

Provides digital copies of the PAC publications from the 19th to the 20th century.

BFI Britain on Film: Rural Life

A vast collection of film and TV titles set in the countryside, or dealing with rural life. Many videos available to view for free, searchable here.

The Great Irish Famine Online: Atlas

An interactive atlas giving detailed information charting changes in the social, economic and political landscape of pre- and post-famine Ireland.


LIBRAL is the library of Rural and Agricultural Literature, a free-of-charge, public, open-access resource provided by the BAHS.

Museum of English Rural Life: Online Exhibitions

Browse past displays from the Museum and exhibitions.

National Library of Scotland: Map Images 

Rural History Today

Published by the British Agricultural History Society.


Agro-ecosystems Laboratory

Project which offer a number of publications and datasets available to download, mainly on Spanish agricultural history.

The Holodomor Project: atlas

The Harvard Holodmor Project is a Geographic Information System (GIS)-based project, which uses latest technological advances to shed a new light on the history of the Great Ukrainian Famine of 1932-33.

Holodomor Survivor Documentation Project

This site has collected a number of interviews of survivors of the Holodomor now living in Canada.


Census of Agriculture Historical Archive

The site provides digital copies the the census taken between 1840 and 2002.

Core Historical Literature on Agriculture

Selected agricultural texts depecting rural life and investigating agricultural technology published between the early nineteenth century and the middle to late twentieth century. Full-text and searchable.

Farm, Field and Fireside Agricultural Newspaper Collection

Collects historically significant U.S. farm weeklies published in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Searchable and full-text.

Hall Family Papers and Sugar Plantation Records

Records of the slave-owning family, the Halls, and their plantation in Jamaica.

The Homestead Act, 1862

Offers transcripts and pdfs of the original document.

Organic Roots Collection

Assembles historic full-text agricultural journals published before the wide spread use of synthetic chemicals. Includes information on agricultural technology before 1942 and organic farms.

Voices from the Dust Bowl: the Charles L. Todd and Robert Sonkin migrant workers collection, 1940-1941

Voices from the Dust Bowl: The Charles L. Todd and Robert Sonkin Migrant Worker Collection is an online presentation of selections from a multi-format ethnographic field collection documenting the everyday life of residents of Farm Security Administration (FSA) migrant work camps in central California in 1940 and 1941.


African History

African Online Digital Library

AODL is an open access digital library of African cultural heritage materials created by Michigan State University in collaboration with museums, archives, scholars, and communities around the world.

British Library Endangered Archives Programme: Africa

The Endangered Archives Programme (EAP) facilitates the digitisation of archives around the world that are in danger of destruction, neglect or physical deterioration.

The Barbary Treaties 1786-1836

A digitised collection of treaties made between the United States and North Africa.

British Documents on the end of Empire

Central Africa



Nigeria is the online platform for the British Documents on the End of Empire Project (BDEEP).

The Emma B. Andrews Diary Project

Digitised collections relevant to late 19th and early 20th century travel writing in Egypt as well as the history of Egyptology of this period.

Sources on German Colonial History Online

Frankfurt University Library digitized some of the books and journals originally collected by the German Colonial Society (Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft). The journals Deutsche Kolonialzeitung, Amtlicher Anzeiger für Deutsch-Ostafrika, Amtsblatt für das Schutzgebiet Deutsch-Südwestafrika, Amtsblatt für das Schutzgebiet Kamerun, Amtsblatt für das Schutzgebiet Togo and several books including even a colonial cook-book are available online.


African Activist Archive

The African Activist Archive is preserving and making available online the records of activism in the United States to support the struggles of African peoples against colonialism, apartheid, and social injustice from the 1950s through the 1990s

President Nasser online resources

Site containing documents and recorded speeches of President Nasser.


Audio Visual and Oral History, 3D, AR and Internet Archives

Many museums and libraries have created 3D scans of their collections. Notable resources include the British Museum on Sketchfab (257 models). Sketchfab's Cultural Heritage and History filter can also surface useful models.

Europeana, which brings together collections in a host of European and international repositories, can also be searched for 3D models.

Google for Education provides a list of over 100 'Augmented Reality' expeditions.

The Internet Archive provides a good place to start for the history of software or the uses of history and heritage in the games industry.


The Programming publish novice-friendly, peer-reviewed tutorials that help humanists learn a wide range of digital tools, techniques, and workflows to facilitate research and teaching.
Digital Archives Austria 


Oral History Society advice on remote oral history ethical considerations and lists of tools
British Library Sound oral history collections at the British Library cover a wide range of subject areas. 
Essex Sound and Video can find material by searching for ‘oral history’. To find only material that’s available online, you can refine the search by ‘Audio visual’ material.


Many of the collections listed elsewhere in this guide, such as the Library of Congress or Europeana, will point to extensive photographic and visual arts collections. collection of almost 46,000 post-war geo-located street photos of
Greater Manchester. Free for non-commercial use.
Artstorlibrary.artstor.orgIncludes public collections  and community collections as well as subscription-only content.


Newspapers and Maps

List of Online Newspaper Archives (Wikipedia) 
Atlas of Digitised Newspapers and Metadata www.digitisednewspapers.netA project exploring the metadata of digitised newspapers 
National Library of Scotland: Map Images 


David Rumsey Historic Maps 
BL Maps also the Georeferencer project
British History 
Library of Congress 
National Library of Scotland 
New York Public Library Maps and 
New York Public Library Map NYPL Map Warper is a tool for digitally aligning ("rectifying") historical maps from the NYPL's collections to match today's precise maps. Visitors can browse already rectified maps