Luther, Death and Anti-Popery
In 1546, as Luther lay dying, he made one last sally against the Pope: ‘Living I was your plague, Dead I will be your death, O Pope!’ This imprecation was faithfully recorded in the published accounts of Luther’s death by his followers. Why did Luther curse the Pope at such a time? How could this outburst become part of Lutheran memorial culture?
Starting with the first visual propaganda for the Reformation, this lecture explores anti-papalism and anti-monasticism in Lutheran art. In particular it examines the images that circulated with Luther’s late pamphlet Wider das Papsttum zu Rom. Their iconography was closely tied to the text, and we know that Luther had a hand in their design. But they were sold separately. Such images are not straightforwardly propagandist because they are so extreme that they would hardly have converted adherents of the old church. They were not meant literally, and they are full of riotous invention as well as bitter attack. Why were such images produced; and what can they tell us about Lutheran visual culture? More broadly, how can historians contribute to the study of visual culture?
Lyndal Roper is a Fellow and Regius Professor of History at Oriel College, University of Oxford. She is the author of Martin Luther: Renegade and Prophet, a New Statesman, Spectator, History Today, Guardian and Sunday Times Book of the Year.
Annual lecture in memory of Professor Eric Hobsbawm, hosted in collaboration with Birkbeck, University of London.
The lecture will run from 18.00-19.30, followed by a reception.
The event is free to attend but advanced registration is required.