Submitting articles

Articles should be submitted online at

Historical Research operates a double-blind refereeing process. Submitted texts should be suitably anonymized. Authors’ details (name/s, affiliation/s, email and postal address for correspondence) should be given in the covering email. Acknowledgements and personal references should not be included. These can be incorporated later if the article is accepted for publication. The article should be accompanied by a concise summary (in not more than 100 words) of its scope, method of investigation and sources, conclusions reached and the contribution it makes to knowledge of the subject. Articles should normally not exceed 14,000 words, including footnotes.

Copyright and Open Access: authors can choose Online Open, our publisher’s Open Access option, or sign a copyright transfer agreement. Online Open is fully compliant with Open Access mandates – meeting the requirements of funding organizations where these apply (including but not limited to: Research Councils UK and The Wellcome Trust). For more information see: OnlineOpen, Funder Polices and Copyright FAQs. See also Wiley’s Self-Archiving policy.

General guidelines

  • Capitalization: Historical Research favours lower case whenever possible.
  • Numbers up to 100 are written out in full except in the footnotes.
  • Dates in the text should be given in the form 20 September 1985.
  • In the footnotes, the months are given in the form Jan., Feb., March, Apr., May, June, July, Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec.
  • In text: thirteen-eighties, thirteenth century. In footnotes: 1380s, 13th century.
  • Quotations are given within single quotes. Longer ones of more than four lines are printed as a separate paragraph without quotes. In quotations from printed works, punctuation and spelling should be exactly as in the original. Quotations in French and Latin are not translated.
  • Documents to be printed should have the exact reference, underlined, as the heading. Permission should be obtained for publication and acknowledgement made if necessary. Standard abbreviations should be extended and capitalization modernized, but the spelling of the original should be preserved. If it seems desirable to add a minimum of punctuation to make the meaning clear, a footnote to this effect should be added.
  • Footnotes should be double spaced, preferably on a new sheet at the end of the article. They should be numbered consecutively throughout the article. Cross references should be avoided if possible.
  • References: the first citation of a work should include the following details: for books, author's name (normally initials and surname), the full title, number of volumes, place of publication (if other than London) and date of the whole work, volume and page reference; for articles, the author and title, journal, volume number and year, and page reference.
  • Editors' names come after the title.
  • When giving page references, p. is used for books but not for journal articles.
  • Title case is used for references to books, but article and dissertation titles should be in lower case.
  • Subsequent citations should use a short reference (author's name where only one work is cited, author's name and short title where more than one work is cited). Ibid., Idem and Op. cit. are not used. e.g. J. Wylie, The Reign of Henry V (Cambridge, 1914-29), p. 440. Later: Wylie, p. 100.
    Memoirs of the Court and Cabinets of George III, ed. R. Grenville, duke of Buckingham and Chandos (4 vols., 1853-5), iii. 454. Later: Court and Cabinets of George III, iv. 369.
    J.C. Holt, 'Politics and property in early medieval England', Past & Present, lvii (1972), 3-52, at p. 7. Later: Holt, p. 49.
  • Parliamentary Papers should be cited by title, followed (in brackets) by the abbreviation Parl. Papers, the date of the session, the paper number (in round brackets) or the Command Paper number (in square brackets), and the volume number (in lower case Roman numerals). Command numbers should be prefixed as follows: 1833-1869 - no prefix; 1870-99 - C.; 1900-18 - Cd.; 1919-56 - Cmd.; 1956-86- Cmnd.; from 1986 - Cm. It is assumed that references are to House of Commons papers; where Lords papers are cited use the abbreviation Parl. Papers (H.L.).
    e.g. Report of the Royal Commission on the Coal Trade (Parl. Papers 1871 [C. 435], xviii), p. 123. Subsequent references use a short title, e.g. Royal Commission on the Coal Trade, p. 123.
  • Manuscript references include the location of documents, description and folio. N.B. v (not superior) is used for verso.
    e.g. British Library, Additional MS. 47573 fo. 26. Later: Brit. Libr., Add. MS. 47573 fo. 22v.
    The National Archives of the U.K., E 315/263 fos. 3, 4, 10v. Later: T.N.A., E 315/263 fo. 5.
  • References to online material should include the URL and the date accessed, as in the following examples:
    See Moving Here <> [accessed 28 June 2006].
    For further information and images, see Wells Nevada Chamber of Commerce <> [accessed 22 Apr. 2010].
    See the websites for the ‘Voices of the powerless’ series <> [accessed 28 June 2006] and ‘In our time’ <> [accessed 28 June 2006].
    Online articles should be cited as follows:
    K. Loughlin and V. Berridge, ‘Whatever happened to health education? Mapping the Grey literature collection inherited by NICE’, Social History of Medicine (2008), doi: 0.1093/shm/hkn059.
  • If you are referencing moving image and/or sound, please refer to the 'Audiovisual citation' guide produced by the British Universities Film and Video Council.
  • No alterations can be made at proof stage, apart from correcting printers' errors.